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Exam #3 - Final

U.S. History II at MMCC w/ Doyle.

Ray Kroc Man who bought and franchised McDonald's.
Interstate Highway Act (1956) Eisenhower administration created interstate highway system, the largest public works project in U.S. history.
National Security Act (1947) Created the Department of Defense.
John Kenneth Galbraith
Oligopoly Domination of an industry by a few.
Sloan Wilson Wrote, "The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit." About white collar workforce in America.
The Mickey Mouse Club A popular 1950's tv show.
I Love Lucy Popular 50's show. Starred Lucille Ball.
Father Knows Best Popular 50's show.
Diner's Club International Company offered first consumer credit card.
George Orwell Wrote an essay titled, "The White Elephant."
Marshall Plan U.S. helped rebuild West Germany and Japan after WWII.
Block-busting Sleazy tactic by real estate agents to scare white families into selling homes after a black family moves into the neighborhood.
C. Wright Mills Wrote, "The Power Elite."
AFL and CIO American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations
COLA Cost of Living Act - wages would rise for workers with the cost of living.
Penicillin and Streptomycin Innovative medicines of the 50's.
William Levitt Created suburban house model that became popular througout America. Example: Levittown.
Leave It to Beaver Popular 50's tv show.
American Bandstand Popular music program.
Elvis Presley Rock n' Roll legend, originally from Tupelo, Mississippi.
Benjamin Spock Wrote, "The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care."
Betty Friedan Wrote, "The Feminine Mystique," a book about gender inequality. Many women were collateral damage.
Peter Blake Wrote, "God's Own Junkyard." About waste and trash in sprawling suburban America.
Harvard Mark I Early computer designed by Howard Aiken.
ENIAC First modern computer.
Transistor Basis for computational revolution - invented by John Bardeen, William Shockley, and Walter Brattain at Bell Labs.
J.D. Salinger Wrote, "Catcher in the Rye"
Jack Kerouac Wrote, "On the Road"
Allen Ginsberg Wrote famous poem, "Howl"
Michael Harrington Wrote, "The Other America" (1962)
Jackie Robinson First African-American Major League Baseball player.
Executive Order 9981 Truman desegregates the U.S. military.
Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court overturned Plessy v. Ferguson under Chief Justice Warren.
Rosa Parks Arrested for refusing to accept segregated seating on bus - fueled strikes lead by Martin Luther King, Jr.
Little Rock Nine Nine black girls in Little Rock, Arkansas, who had to be escorted to school by the 101st airborne.
Civil Rights Act (1957) Voting rights bill, first civil rights legislation passed by Congress since 1875.
Civil Rights Act (1960) Protected people's voting rights by inspecting polling places and establishing penalties for anyone obstructing another's right.
Bracero Program Allowed Mexican workers to obtain temporary worker visas to work in the U.S.
Immigration and Nationality Act (1952) Japanese could again immigrate to U.S., and immigrants could apply to bring their families.
John F. Kennedy First Catholic President
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee Responsible for the Woolworth sit-in that sparked a movement.
Freedom Riders Activists like John Lewis and James Meredith who rode interstate buses into the segregated South to protest.
Bull Connor Public Safety Commissioner in Mississippi who loosed dogs and firehoses on protesters
Medgar Evers Civil rights activist gunned down day after JFK speech.
Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Nuclear weapons could only be tested underground
March on Washington (1963) Keynote speaker was Martin Luther King, Jr.
Freedom Summer (1964) Many people were killed while registering voters in a major civil rights push.
Andrew Goodman, James Earl Chaney, and Michael Henry Schwermer Three young men killed by corrupt police during Freedom Summer
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) Right to a lawyer
Escobedo v. Illinois Right to legal counsel
Miranda v. Arizona Right to be informed of rights
Ralph Nader Wrote, "Unsafe At Any Speed"
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution Congress authorized entry into the Vietnam War.
Ernest Gruening and Wayne Morse Senators, and only two members of Congress to vote against the Vietnam War
Operation Rolling Thunder Largest bombing campaign in history, during Vietnam War
Tet Offensive A military victory for the U.S. but a public relations defeat
Eugene McCarthy Decides to run for President, essentially forces LBJ to opt-out of reelection bid in 1968
George Wallace Racist Governor of Alabama
Theodore J. Lowi Wrote, "The End of Liberalism"
Richard M. Nixon America's 37th President
Henry Kissinger Foreign policy expert in Nixon administration, political scientist
Daniel Patrick Moynihan Sociologist, foreign policy expert in the Nixon administration
Clement Haynsworth and G. Harold Carswell Men Nixon attempted to appoint to the Supreme Court from the South
Harry Blackman Nominated to Supreme Court by Nixon, wrote Roe v. Wade decision
Swann v. Charlotte Involved Mecklenburg Board of Education; resulted in the desegregation of busing.
Boston busing crisis White suburban communities sharply protested having their kids bused into city schools in the aftermath of white flight
Allen Bokke Medical student applying to Berkeley sues over reverse-discrimination
Nixon (Guam) Doctrine U.S. would support countries fighting communism, but would not supply the troops
Vietnamization Nixon policy to train the South Vietnamese
Cambodian Campaign Resulted in major protests
Kent State shootings U.S. National Guard opens fire on student protesters
Pentagon Papers 7,000 page document on how the Vietnam War was conducted
Daniel Ellsberg Exposed the Pentagon Papers
Moscow Summit (1972) Accomplishes Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM) and SALT I
Paris Peace Accords (1973) Ended the Vietnam War
James W. McCord, Jr. Part of group that broke into the Watergate Hotel
G. Gordon Liddy Leader of 'the plumbers' who broke into Watergate
Bob Woodward Reporter who broke the Watergate story
Carl Bernstein Reporter; Bob Woodward's assistant
John Dean Legal counsel who gave testimony to Watergate Committee
Deep Throat Secret informant
Alexander Butterfield Deputy Assistant to Nixon who mentioned Nixon's tape records
Judge John Sirica Judge who presided over the Watergate hearings
United States v. Nixon Case that forced the Nixon administration to hand over tapes, Nixon would resign soon after
Torrijos-Carter Treaty Gave the Panama Canal back to Panama
Camp David Accords Anwar Sadat gave Sinai back to Israel
Iranian Revolution Carter allowed the Shah to receive medical treatment in the U.S. which sparked a hostage crisis
Jerry Falwell Leader of the 'moral majority'
Reaganomics Tax breaks for wealthy Americans
Freeman v. Pitts Case regarding oversight of desegregation in schools
Jesse Jackson Ran for President in '84 and '88
Rodney G. King Beaten by Los Angeles police, sparking riots when officers were initially found innocent
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services Supreme Court ruling allowed states to restrict state funding for abortion counseling
Planned Parenthood v. Casey Supreme Court upheld right to seek an abortion
The Strike that busted unions (1981)
Strategic Defense Initiative Star Wars
Iran-Contra Affair Reagan administration sold/traded arms to Iran
Black Monday (1987)
Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty Treaty between Reagan and Gorbachev
Boris Yeltsin 1st President of Russia
H.W. Bush foreign policy team: George H. W. Bush, James Baker, Brent Scowcroft
"A World Transformed" Book by George H. W. Bush and Brent Scowcroft
Nelson Mandela 1st black President of South Africa
Lech Walesa Leader of Polish solidarity movement
START I Treaty Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, between Bush and Gorbachev
Francis Fukuyama Wrote, "The End of History and the Last Man"
Hart-Celler Act Abolished national origins quota and instituted preference system based on job skills
HIV Treatment AIDS cocktail
Sherman Alexie Wrote, "The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven"
Bosnian War A war that involved ethnic cleansing and NATO bombing intervention
Dayton Agreement End of Bosnian War, organized by Richard Holbrooke
Slobodan Milosevic Corrupt leader tried for war crimes after the Bosnian War
Yitzhak Rabin Leader of Israel
Yasser Arafat Leader of PLO
Seymour Hersh Investigative reporter who covered the torture and abuses of POW's at Abu Ghraib
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) One measure of the size of the economy, by which China has passed the United States
Created by: jpretzer