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reverse definitions vital signs review

telemetry unit "step down" from ICU
stethoscope A device that amplifies sound, used by doctors and other health-care professionals to listen to the heart and to take blood pressure
endotracheal tube A device that is inserted into the airways of a client about to receive a general anesthetic
sphygmomanometer A device used to take blood pressure
height and weight anthropometric measurements
suctioning Applying negative pressure to remove mucus, phlegm and other seretions from airways
physiotherapist Assesses patients, devise deep breathing excercises
arterial blood gases Assessment done on a client to determine the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide dissolved in the blood
sputum specimens Consists of mucous secretions, not saliva, from the airways, lung or throat
pacemaker Electronic device that regulates the heartbeat
oxygen therapy For clients who, for any reason do not have enough oxygen in their blood
temperature Heat is produced by the body as it uses the food needed to maintain normal body functions
vital signs Important measurements of the body's state of health
pulse oximetry Method used by nurses and respiratory therapists to determine oxygen levels in red blood cells in the arterial blood
"call the arrest" Notify the appropriate people
respiration One full cycle of breathing
thoracocentesis Procedure to remove fluid from the space between the lining of the outside of the lungs and the wall of the chest
nurse Provide ongoing assessment and feedback about a client's oxygenation status
extubate Remove the endotracheal tube
inhalation therapy Selected medications to be delivered by a mask to the client, often to treat asthma
essential hypertension The cause of the increased pressure is idiopathic
blood pressure The force that the blood exerts on the arterial walls
secondary hypertension The symptoms are always associated with disease, such as glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, or disease of the adrenal glands
telemetry monitor Traces hearts activity, readout displayed on small screen
humidifiers Used for clients who are experiencing respiratory difficulties
pulse When the heart contracts it forces blood throughout the body by way of blood vessels
crash cart A cart carrying the supplies needed for immediate treatment of a heart attack
congestive heart failure A condition in which a weakened heart is unable to pump all of the blood out of the lungs each time it beats. Blood pools at the bottom of the lungs, interfering with breathing
emphysema A disease characterized by gradual destruction of the alveoli, which fuse to form larger air spaces. Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide through these larger air sacs is inadequate
asthma A disease that affects the air passages in the lung, causing wheezing and shortness of breath
atrial fibrillation An abnormality of heart rhythm in which chambers of the heart no longer beat in synchrony, with the atrium beating much faster than the ventricles. The heart rate is fast and irregular
pneumonia An acute infection of the tissues of the lung
trachestomy An artificial airway through an incision in the trachea
chronic obstructive lung disease/ chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Any chronic lung condition in which the flow of expired air is slowed down
atherosclerosis Arteriosclerosis because of deposits of fat in arterial walls
cerebral vascular accident Damage to the brain that occurs when the blood supply to an area of the brain is diminished or occluded completely
myocardial infarct Damage to the heart caused by a blockage in one of the coronary arteries, cutting off blood supply to a part of the heart
dyspnea difficulty breathing
hypertension/high blood pressure Excessive force of the blood against the vessel walls as the heart pumps it through the body
bradycardia Extremely slow heart beat
arteriosclerosis Hardening of the arteries, reduces blood flow
hypoxia Insufficient oxygen in blood or tissue
deep suctioning Introducing the suction catheter into the lower trachea and bronchi
hemorhage Loss of a large amount of blood
arrhythmia Loss of normal rhythm of the heartbeat
rhonchi/wheezes Musical-pitched sounds produced by air passing through narrowed bronchi, heard on auscultation of the lungs
postural drainage Positioning the client with the head lower than the body so that gravity can help drain the mucus and secretions
vibrations Rapid movements of flattened hands over the client's chest to move secretions
crepitation/crackles Sounds produced by air passing over airway secretions
endotracheal suctioning Suctioning through an artificial airway known as a tracheostomy
oropharyngeal suctioning Suctioning with a catheter through the mouth to reach the mouth only or the mouth and the back of the throat
nasopharngeal suctioning Suctioning with a catheter through the nose to reach the mouth and throat
diastolic pressure The pressure of the vascular walls when the heart is relaxing
systolic pressure The pressure of the vascular walls when the heart is contracting
clapping/percussion Using cupped hands to gently but firmly strike affected regions of the chest to move secretions
Created by: JessP