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reproductive system

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QuestionAnswer
balanitis an inflammation of the glans penis and is often associated with phimosis
phimosis a narrowing of the opening of the foreskin so it cannot be retracted (pulled back) to expose the glans penis.
anorchism the congenital absence of one or both testicles
cryptochidism also known as undescended testis, is a developmental defect in which one testicle fails to descend into the scrotum
hydrocele a hernia filled with fluid in the testicles or the tubes leading from the testicles
varicocele a varicose vein of the testicles that may cuase male infertility
impotence also known as erectile dysfunction, is the inability of the male to achieve or maintain a penile erection
polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) also known as Stein-Leventhal syndrome, is characterized by englargement of the ovaries caused by the presence of many cysts.
pyosalpinx an accumulation of pus in the fallopian tube
salpingitis an inflammation of the fallopian tube
endometriosis is a condition in whihc endometrial tissue escapes the uterus and grows outside the uterus on other structures in the pelvic cavity
fibroid also known as a leiomyoma, is a benign tumor composed of muscle and fibrous tissue that occurs in the wall of the uterus.
pyometritis is a purulent (pus containing) inflammation of the uterus
uterine cancer occurs most commonly after menopause, and one of the earliest symptoms is abnormal bleeding from the uterus
anteflexion is the normal position of the uterus. in this position its bent forward
anteversion abnormal tipping, tilting, or turning forward of the entire uterus, including the cervix
prolapse (of the uterus) is a falling or sinking down of the uterus until it protrudes through the vaginal opening
retroflextion abnormal tipping with the body of the uterus bent, forming an angle with the cervix
retroversion abnormal tipping of the entire uterus backward, with the cervix pointing toward the pubic symphysis
cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women and usually affects women between the ages of 35 and 55. it can be detected early through routine pap tests
cervical dysplasia aslo known as precancerous lesions, is the abnormal growth of cells of the cervix that may be detected on a pap smear.
colporrhexis laceration of the vagina
pruritus vulvae a condition of severe itching of the external female genitalia
vaginal candidiasis caused by yeast, is the most commonly occuring vaginal yeast infection
vulvodynia a nonspecific syndrome of unknown cause characterized by chronic burning, pain during sexual intercourse, itching, or stinging irritation of the vulva
fibrocystic breast disease is the presence of single or multiple cysts in the breasts.
galactocele aslo known as galactoma, is a cystic enlargement of the mammory gland containing milk
mastitis an inflammation of the breast
mittelschmerz pain between menstrual periods
premenstral syndrome (PMS) includes symptoms occuring within the 2 week period before menstruation such as bloating, edema, headaches, mood swings, and breast discomfort
endovaginal ultrasound a diagnostic test to determine the cause of abnormal vaginal bleeding.
hysterosalpingography is a radiographic examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes after the injection of radioplaque material
hysteroscopy is the direct visual examination of the interior of the uterus using the magnification of a hysteroscope
papanicolaou test also known as pap smear, is an exfoliative biopsy for the detection and diagnosis of condtions of the cervix and surrounding tissues
tubal ligation a surgical procedure performed for purpose of female sterilization
conization also known as cone biopsy, is the surgical removal of a cone-shaped section of tissue from the cervix
dilation and curettage is the dilation of the cervix and curettage of the uterus.dilation-is the expansion of an openingcurettage-is the removal of material from the surface
hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus and may or may not include the cervix
vaginal hysterectomy is performed through the vagina
total abdominal hysterectomy is performed through an incision in the abdomen.
nulligravida is a woman who has never been pregnant
nulligravida is a woman who has never borne a viable child
primigravida is a woman during her first pregnancy
primipara is a woman who has borne one child
muliparous means a woman who has given birth two or more times
preeclampsia also known as toxemia of pregnancy, is a complication of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, edema, and proteinuria
eclampsia a more serious form of preeclampsia, is characterized by convulsions and sometimes coma
abruptio placentae is an abnormal condition in which the placenta separates from the uterine wall prematurely before the birth of the fetus
breech presentation is when the buttocks or feet of the fetus are presented first
placenta previa is the abnormal implantation of the placenta in the lower portion of the uterus.
chorionic villus sampling is the retrieval of chorionic cells from the placenta between the eighth to tenth weeks of pregnancy
pelvimetry is the measurement of the dimensions of the pelvis to determine its capacity to allow passage of the fetus through the birth canal
apgar score an evaluation of a newborn infant's physical status by assigning numerical values to each of five criteria
episiotomy a surgical incision of the perineum and vagina to facilitate delivery and prevent laceraction of the tissues
Created by: hbobo on 2009-01-05



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