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Medical Terminology

Chabner Language of Medicine Chapters 1-18

abdomin/o, lapar/o abdomen (2al)
-iasis, -osis abnormal condition (2 suf)
-cytosis abnormal condition of cells (suf)
para- abnormal, beside, near (pre)
epi- above, upon (pre)
supra- above, upper (pre)
acetabul/o acetabulum (hip socket)
trans- across, through (pre)
-version act of turning (suf)
-praxia action (suf)
adenoid/o adenoids
adrenal/o adrenal gland
post- after, behind (pre)
anti- against (pre)
contra- against, opposite (pre)
albumin/o albumin
pan- all (pre)
alveol/o alviolus, air sac
amni/o amnion
zo/o animal life
an/o anus
proct/o anus and rectum
aort/o aorta
append/o, appendic/o appendix
brachi/o arm
axill/o armpit
arter/o, arteri/o artery (2)
-agon assemble, gather together (suf)
atri/o atrium
-philia attraction for (an increase in cell numbers) (suf)
ab- away from (pre)
dorsi- back (pre)
dors/o back portion of the body
re- back, backward, again (pre)
poster/o back, behind
retro- backward, behind (pre)
bacteri/o bacteria
mal- bad (pre)
dys- bad, painful, difficult, abnormal (pre)
bartholin/o bartholin gland
bas/o base
-parous bearing, bringing forth (suf)
ante-, pro-, pros- before, forward (3 pre)
pre- before, in front of (pre)
-arche beginning (suf)
ventr/o belly side of the body
celi/o belly, abdomen
sub- below, under (pre)
infra- beneath, under (pre)
-cocci, -coccus berry-shaped bacterium (2 suf)
inter- between (pre)
meta- beyond, change (pre)
ultra- beyond, excess (pre)
bilirubin/o bilirubin (bile pigment)
nat/i birth
-partum birth, labor (suf)
melan/o black
hem/o, hemat/o blood (2)
-emia blood condition (suf)
cyan/o blue
-somes bodies (suf)
somat/o body
oste/o bone
encephal/o brain
-lysis breakdown, separation, destruction (suf)
mamm/o, mast/o breast (2)
-pnea breathing (suf)
spir/o breathing
bronch/o, bronchi/o bronchial tube, bronchus (2)
bronchiol/o bronchiole
caus/o burn, burning
burs/o bursa
-rrhage, -rrhagia bursting forth (of blood) (2 suf)
calcane/o calcaneus (heel)
calc/o, calci/o calcium (2)
cali/o, calic/o calyx; cup-shaped (2)
carcin/o cancerous, cancer
capn/o carbon dioxide
-phorsesis carrying, transmission (suf)
chondr/o cartilage
cec/o cecum
-cyte cell (suf)
cyt/o cell
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum, largest part of the brain
bucc/o cheek
pector/o, steth/o, thorac/o chest (3pst)
ped/o child
toc/o childbirth
cholesterol/o cholesterol
chori/o, chorion/o chorion
cycl/o ciliary body or muscle of the eye
clavicul/o clavicle (collar bone)
thromb/o, coagul/o clot, clotting (2)
staphyl/o clusters
coccyg/o coccyx
cochle/o cochlea
cry/o cold
col/o, colon/o colon (2)
chrom/o color
-fusion coming together; to pour (suf)
tel/o complete
dia- complete, through (pre)
-ema, -ia condition (2 suf)
-genesis condition of producing, forming (suf)
conjuctiv/o conjuctiva
corne/o cornea
kerat/o cornea
cortic/o cortex, outer region
scoli/o crooked, bent
-tripsy crushing (suf)
culd/o cul-de-sac
lord/o curve, swayback
scot/o darkness
mort/o, necr/o death (2)
comat/o deep sleep (coma)
-chezia defication, elimination of waste (suf)
-penia deficiency (suf)
hypo- deficient, below, under, less than normal (pre)
-plasia development, formation, growth (suf)
-trophy development, nourishment (suf)
phren/o diaphragm
-pepsia digestion (suf)
-ectasis, -ectasia dilation, widening (2 suf)
path/o disease
-pathy disease condition (suf)
dipl/o double
cata- down (pre)
de- down, lack of (pre)
-ptosis drooping, falling, prolapse (suf)
chem/o drug, chemical
xer/o dry
ichthy/o dry, scaly (fish-like)
ambly/o dull, dim
duoden/o duodenum
dur/o dura mater
coni/o dust
aur/o, auricul/o, ot/o ear (3)
-otia ear condition (suf)
myring/o, tympan/o eardrum, tympanic membrane (2)
-phage, -phagia eat, swallow (2 suf)
o/o, ov/o egg (2)
electr/o electricity
-megaly enlargement (suf)
-ase enzyme (suf)
epididym/o epididymis
epiglott/o epiglottis
esophag/o esophagus
salping/o (ear) eustatian tube, auditory tube
hyper- excessive, above, more than normal (pre)
-ectomy excision, removal (suf)
acr/o extremities, top, extreme point
ocul/o, ophthalm/o eye (2)
opt/o, optic/o eye, vision (2)
blephar/o, palpebr/o eyelid
fac/i face
-salpinx fallopian tube (suf)
salping/o fallopian tube
dist/o far, distant
fasci/o fascia (forms sheaths enveloping muscle)
tachy- fast (pre)
adip/o, steat/o, lip/o fat (3asl)
-phobia fear (suf)
esthesi/o, -esthesia feeling, nervous sensation
estr/o, gynec/o female (2eg)
femor/o femur
fibr/o fibrous connective tissue
fibul/o, perone/o fibula (2fp)
dactyl/o fingers, toes
primi- first (pre)
-pexy fixation, put in place (suf)
sarc/o flesh
-rrhea flow, discharge (suf)
furc/o forking, branching
-plasm, -poiesis formation (2 suf)
plas/o formation, development
tetra- four (pre)
myc/o fungus
bil/i gall, bile
chol/e gall, bile
cholecyst/o gallbladder
-gen giving rise to; producing (suf)
aden/o gland
balan/o glans penis
viter/o glassy
gli/o glial cells
spher/o globe, round
glomerul/o glomerulus
glycogen/o glycogen, animal starch
eu- good, normal (pre)
granul/o granules
glauc/o gray
inguin/o groin
phys/o growing
gingiv/o gums
pil/o, trich/o hair (2pt)
hemi- half (pre)
kerat/o hard
-sclerosis hardening (suf)
cephal/o head
-acusis, -cusis hearing (suf)
acous/o, audit/o hearing (2)
audi/o hearing; the sense of hearing
cardi/o, coron/o heart (2)
myocardi/o heart muscle
cauter/o heat, burn
hemoglobin/o hemoglobin
-cele hernia (suf)
crypt/o hidden
-one hormone (suf)
hormon/o hormone
humer/o humerus
kyph/o humpback
chlorhydr/o hydrochloric acid
ile/o ileum (third part of small intestine)
ili/o ilium (upper part of pelvic bone)
-blast immature cell, embryonic (suf)
intra- in, within, into (pre)
seps/o infection
-itis inflammation (suf)
-graph instrument for recording (suf)
-tome instrument to cut (suf)
-meter instrument to measure (suf)
-scope instrument to visually examine (suf)
viscer/o internal organs
enter/o intestines (usually small intestines)
in- into, in (pre)
-spasm involuntary contraction (suf)
ir/o, irid/o iris (2)
sider/o iron
ischi/o ischium (posterior part of pelvic bone)
jejun/o jejunum
arthr/o, articul/o joint (2)
ket/o, keton/o ketone bodies (2)
nephr/o, ren/o kidney (2)
gnos/o knowledge
-tocia labor, birth (suf)
-asthenia lack of strength (suf)
lamin/o lamina
macro- large (pre)
laryng/o larynx
phac/o, phak/o lens of the eye
bi/o life
ligament/o ligament
phot/o light
cheli/o, labi/o lip (2cl)
-ole, -ule little, small (2 suf)
hepat/o liver
lob/o lobe of the lung
lumb/o loins, lower back
mandibul/o lower jaw, mandible
pneumon/o, pulmon/o lungs (2)
lymph/o lymph
lymphaden/o lymph node (gland)
andr/o male
malleol/o malleolus (process on side of ankle)
multi- many (pre)
poly- many, much (pre)
mastoid/o mastoid process
maxill/o maxilla (upper jawbone)
-prandial meal (suf)
cib/o meals
meat/o meatus
mediastin/o mediasinum
mening/o, meningi/o membranes, meninges (2)
men/o menses, menstruation
metacarp/o metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o metatarsals (foot bones)
medi/o middle
galact/o, lact/o milk (2)
psych/o mind
terat/o monster
or/o, stomat/o mouth (2)
kines/o, kinesi/o movement (2)
muc/o, myx/o mucus (2)
myos/o muscle
sarc/o muscle and flesh
my/o, myom/o muscle, muscle tumor (2)
onych/o, ungu/o nail (2)
-stenosis narrowing, tightening (suf)
umbilic/o navel
proxim/o nearest
cervic/o neck
neur/o nerve
radicul/o nerve root
neutr/o neutral
neutr/o (cell) neutrophil
neo- new (pre)
noct/o, nyct/o night (2)
thel/o, theli/o nipple (2)
azot/o nitrogen
nulli-, in-, a-, an- no, not, none (4 niaa pre)
nas/o, rhin/o nose (2)
kary/o, nucle/o nucleus (2)
presby/o old age
olecran/o olecranon (elbow)
uni- one (pre)
-er, -or one who (2 suf)
mon/o one, single
-tresia opening (suf)
-stomy opening to form a mouth (suf)
papill/o optic disc
tax/o order, coordination
ossicul/o ossicle
ec-, ecto-, ex-, exo- out, outside, outside of, outward (4 pre)
oophor/o ovary
-oxia oxygen (suf)
ox/o oxygen
-algia, -dynia pain (2 suf)
palat/o palate
pancreat/o pancreas
-plegia paralysis (suf)
parathyroid/o parathyroid gland
patell/o patella (kneecap)
pelv/i pelvis
pen/o penis
pericardi/o pericardium
perine/o perineum
peritone/o peritoneum
-ac, -iac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ic, -ical, -ior, -ous, -tic pertaining to (10 suf)
-lytic pertaining to destruction (suf)
-genic pertaining to producing, produced by, produced in (suf)
-ose pertaining to, full of (suf)
phalang/o phalanges
-type picture, classification (suf)
pituitar/o pitutitary gland; hypophysis
top/o place, position, location
phyt/o plant
pleur/o pleura (membrane surrounding the lungs)
-thorax pleural cavity, chest (suf)
tox/o, toxic/o poison (2)
pont/o pons
-porosis pore, passage (suf)
kal/I, kal/o potassium (2)
-cyesis, -gravida pregnancy (2 suf)
obstetr/o pregnancy, childbirth
-ion process (suf)
-tomy process of cutting, incision (suf)
-graphy process of recording (suf)
-logy process of study (suf)
-opsy process of viewing (suf)
-scopy process of visually examining (suf)
-ism, -y process, condition (2 suf)
diaphor/o profuse sweating
prostat/o prostate gland
immun/o protection
prote/o protein
-globin, -globulin protein (2 suf)
pub/o pubis
-sphyxia pulse (suf)
sphygm/o pulse
cor/o, pupil/o pupil (2)
py/o pus
pylor/o pyloral sphincter
eosin/o rad, dawn, rosy
radi/o (bone) radius
oxy- rapid, sharp, acid (pre)
-gram record (suf)
rect/o rectum
erythr/o red
erythem/o, erythemat/o redness
-apheresis removal, a carrying away (suf)
pyel/o renal pelvis
-oid resembling, derived from (suf)
retin/o retina
rrhythm/o rhythm
cost/o rib
norm/o rule, order
sacr/o sacrum
sial/o saliva, salivary
sialaden/o salivary gland
is/o same, equal
home/o sameness
squam/o scale-like
olig/o scanty
scapul/o scapula (shoulder blades)
scler/o sclera (white of the eye); hard
seb/o sebum (oily secretion from sebaceous gland)
gon/o seed
-lepsy seizure (suf)
aut-, auto- self, own (2 pre)
semin/i semin, seed
gonad/o sex glands
morph/o shape, form
acu/o sharp, severe, sudden
thec/o sheath
later/o side
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
sinus/o sinus cavity
rhabdomy/o skeletal (striated) muscle connected to bones
cutane/o, derm/o, dermat/o skin (3)
crani/o skull
somn/o sleep
-listhesis slipping (suf)
brady- slow (pre)
micro- small (pre)
mi/o smaller, less
-osmia smell (suf)
leiomy/o smooth (visceral) muscle that lines walls of internal organs
natr/o sodium
-malacia softening (suf)
plant/o sole of the foot
ster/o solid structure
son/o sound
-ist specialist (suf)
-phasia speech (suf)
sperm/o, spermat/o spermatozoa, semen (2)
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
spin/o spine, backbone
-ptysis spitting (suf)
splen/o spleen
staped/o stapes (third bone of the middle ear)
amyl/o starch
-sis state of; condition (suf)
stern/o sternum (breast bone)
ankyl/o stiff
-tropin stimulating the function of (suf)
gastr/o stomach
lith/o stone
-stasis stopping, controlling (suf)
orth/o straight, upright
-sthenia strength (suf)
-us structure, substance (suf)
-um, -ium structure, tissue (2 suf)
log/o study of
-in, -ine substance (2 suf)
-poietin substance that forms (suf)
-gen substance that produces (suf)
gluc/o, glyc/o sugar (2)
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid (suf)
-plasty surgical repair (suf)
peri- surrounding, around (pre)
-rrhaphy suture (suf)
hidr/o sweat
synov/o synovial membrane
tars/o tarsals (bones of the hindfoot)
lacrim/o, dacry/o tears, tear duct (2)
ten/o tendon
test/o, orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o testicle (3)
thalam/o thalamus
lept/o thin, slender
dips/o thirst
tri- three (pre)
pharyng/o throat
per- through (pre)
thym/o thymus gland
thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid gland (2)
tibi/o tibia
chron/o time
hist/o tissue
phor/o to bear
-phoria to bear, carry, feeling (mental state) (suf)
flex/o to bend
-desis to bind, tie together (suf)
nect/o to bind, tie, connect
-clast to break (suf)
bol/o to cast
cis/o, sect/o to cut (2)
syncop/o to cut off, cut short
phag/o to eat, swallow
-physis to grow (suf)
isch/o to hold back
duct/o to lead, carry
the/o to put, place
-drome to run (suf)
-crine to secrete (suf)
crin/o to secrete
-mission to send (suf)
-lapse to slide, fall, sag (suf)
-tropia to turn (suf)
syn-, sym- together, with (2 pre)
gloss/o, lingu/p tongue (2)
tonsill/o tonsils
dent/I, odont/o tooth (2)
ad- toward (pre)
trache/o trachea
-therapy treatment (suf)
iatr/o treatment, physician
trigon/o trigone
onc/o tumor
-oma tumor, mass, swelling (suf)
strept/o twisted chains
bi- two (pre)
uln/o ulna
-uria unrination; urine condition (suf)
ana- up, apart, again, new (pre)
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
cyst/o, vesic/o urinary bladder (2)
ur/o, urin/o urine (2)
metr/o, metri/o, uter/o, hyster/o uterus (4)
uve/o uvea; vascular layer of the eye (iris, ciliary body, and choroid)
uvul/o uvula
colp/o, vagin/o vagina (2)
vag/o vagus nerve
valvul/o, valv/o valve (2)
varic/o varicose veins
poikil/o varied, irregular
phleb/o, ven/o, ven/i vein (3)
ventricul/o ventricle
spondyl/o, vertebr/o vertebra (2)
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o vessel (3)
vas/o (male) vas deferens
vestibul/o vestibule
-opia, -opsia vision (2 suf)
phon/o voice
-emisis vomiting (suf)
episi/o, vulv/o vulva (2)
aque/o, hydr/o water
rheumat/o watery flow
-paresis weakness (suf)
alibin/o, leuk/o white (2)
mydr/o widen, enlarge
con- with, together (pre)
endo- within (pre)
lex/o word, phrase
rhytid/o wrinkle
carp/o wrist bones
radi/o x-ray
xanth/o yellow
ather/o yellowish plaque
choledoch/o common bile duct
Created by: litarally