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4th STAAR TX History

A crew member of the first manned Apollo spacecraft, Apollo 7. A resident of Houston, he serves as president or sits on the board of directors of companies specializing in technology and science. R. Walter Cunningham (1932 - )
A world-renown heart surgeon who invented a major component of the heart-lung machine which made open-heart surgery possible. Michael E. DeBakey (1908- )
The first African-American congresswoman from the south. She earned national recognition during the Watergate hearings in 1974 that investigated President Nixon’s election campaign. Barbara Jordan (1942–1996)
Opened the largest oil field in the world at the time located in Rusk County. C.M. “Dad” Joiner (1860-1947)
Represented Texas in both the U.S. House and Senate. He served twice as chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee. Phil Gramm (1942- )
Maintained a leadership role in the U.S. House of Representatives from the Wilson administration into the Kennedy administration, and earned respect for his abilities to maneuver legislation through Congress. Samuel T. Rayburn (1882-1961)
He first proposed a settlement of 300 Catholic families in Texas to the Spanish governor of Texas in 1820. He died before his dream could be realized but his son, Stephen F. Austin, followed through on his father’s plan. Moses Austin (1761-1821)
The last president of the Republic of Texas. Jones was a doctor from Brazoria who supported Sam Houston and his efforts to stabilize the Texas economy and keep peace with Native Americans. Anson Jones (1798-1858)
Considered the “Father of Texas” due to his continued efforts to settle the territory. By 1825, 297 families lived in Austin’s Colony and were called the “Old Three Hundred.” Stephen F. Austin (1793-1836)
Chaired a committee formed at the Convention of 1836 to write the Texas Declaration of Independence. He served as primary author of the document. George C. Childress (1804-1841)
provided leadership for more than 25 years in Texas, commanding the army, and serving as president of the Republic, U.S. Senator, and governor. Sam Houston (1793-1863)
This man was stationed at Goliad with 400 soldiers. He and his troops were captured and executed under the orders of Santa Anna. “Remember Goliad” became a Texas battle cry. James Fannin (1814-1836)
rose to absolute power and became the dictator of Mexico. He led Mexican forces against the Texans, laid siege to the Alamo, and was captured at the Battle of San Jacinto. Antonio López de Santa Anna (1794-1876)
Elected governor in 1890, he believed in reform and supported the common people against giant corporations. He increased funding for public schools and colleges and supported other reform legislation during his two terms. James Hogg (1851-1906)
A leader in the national civil rights movement who favored non-violence and persistence. He helped to found CORE (the Congress of Racial Equality). James Farmer Jr. (1920 -1999)
Captured by Comanches in 1836, she married a chief and had a son, Quanah Parker, who also became a chief. Quanah Parker served as a liaison between Indian agencies and the reservations. Cynthia Parker (ca. 1825-1871)
Founded the American G.I. Forum, one of the most active and successful civil rights organizations for Mexican-Americans. He was awarded the United States of American Medal of Freedom in 1984. Hector P. García (1914 -1996)
She influenced state and national policies, contributed to the changing status of women in the military (Women’s Army Corps), and expanded big-city news coverage. Oveta Culp Hobby (1905 -1995)
He administered a land grant, established a colony in east Texas, and took an active role in the Mexican government. He served as vice-president in the ad interim or temporary government established during the Texas Revolution. Lorenzo de Zavala (1788-1836)
served Texas as a congressman and as President of the United States. He supported the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the Equal Employment Opportunity Act, the space program, and other social programs. Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973)
Created by: sasmith3