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Musculoskeletal Sys

Everything dealing with the Musculoskeletal System

What is Lordosis? Abnormal increase in the foward curvature of the lumbar spine (AKA Swayback)
What is Kyphosis? Abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine. (AKA Hunchback or Humpback
What is Scoliosis? Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
What are the main parts of the axial skeleton? 1.Skull 2.Sternum 3.(24)Ribs 4.(24)Vertebrae 5.Sacrum 6.Coccyx
What are the main parts of the Appendicular Skeleton? 1.(2)Clavicle 2.(2)Scapula 3.(2)Humerus 4.(2)Radius 5.(2)Ulna 6.(16)Carpals 7.(10)Metacarpals 8.(28)Phalanges 9.(2)Ilium 10.(2)Pubis 11.(2)Ischium 12.(2)Femur 13.(2)Patella 14.(2)Tibia 15.(2)Fibula 16.(14)Tarsals 15.(10)Metatarsals 16.(28)Phalanges
What is the term for an irregular heartbeat? Dyscardio
What is a Closed Fracture? No open skin wound (AKA a Simple Fracture)
What is a Compound Fracture? Skin has been broken through to the fracture (AKA a open fracture)
What is a Complete Fracture? Bone has been broken completely through
What is a Comminuted Fracture? Bone has been shattered, splintered, or crushed into many small pieces or fragments.
What is a Greenstick Fracture? An incomplete break where one side of the bone is broken and the other side is bent.
How many cervical vertebrae are there? 7
How many thoracic vertebrae are there? 12
How many lumbar vertebrae are there? 5
What is the most common type of joint in the body? Synovial Joint
What does an Artery do? Carries blood and oxegen away from the heart
What does a Vein do? Carries blood back to the heart
What is another name for the tricuspid valve? Atrioventricular valve
An Electrocardiogram is? A record of the electrical current of the heart.
An Electrocardiography is? The process of recording the electrical activity of the heart.
What is a Treadmill Test? Patient works on a treadmill at increasing levels while bing measured
What is another name for a Treadmill Test? Stress Test
Where does the left atrium get its blood from? The Lungs
What is systemic circulation? Takes oxygenated blood away from heart to tissue and cells then back.
What is pulmonary circulation? Transports deoxygenated blood to lungs and back to heart
Oxygen exchange happens in what type of vessels? Capillaries
The Two divisions of the human skeleton? Axial and Appendicular
Aneurysm Weakness in the wall of an artery results in widening of the artery
arrhythemia irregularity in the heart beat
arthralgia pain in the joints
arthritis inflammation of a joint accompanied by pain
arthrodesis surgical fusion or stiffing of a joint to provide stability
arthroscopy examination of the interior of a joint
auscultation listening to the joints within the body
Bradycardia slow heart rate
cardiomegaly abnormally enlarged heart
cardiomyopathy term for a disease of the myocardium
Fibrillation abnormal quiving or contraction of heart fibers
Fibromyalgia wide spread aching and pain in the muscles and soft tissue
myocardial infarction a partial or complete closing of one or more of the coronary arteries
necrosis dead tissue
orthopedist someone who studies the muscularskeletal system
Pericardium outer sac around the heart
podiatrist someone who studies dissorders of the feet and lower legs
pulse expansion and contraction produced by blood moving through the arteries
rickets deficiency in calcium and vitamin D results in bone deformities
tachycardia rapid heartbeat
Five functions of the skeletal system? Supports the body, protects internal organs, helps musceles in movement, produces blood cells, stores minerals
Membrane covering bones is called? Periosteum
A Colles' fracture occurs where? In the wrist
Another name for spongy bone is? Cancellous bone
Three types of muscles are? Skeletal, Smooth, Cardiac
Long bones are? Longer than they are wide
Short bones are? Roughly as long as they are wide
Flat Bones are? Usually plate-shaped
Irregular bones are? irregularly shaped
Created by: Seanmorrone