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med term wk 12

Medical Terminology A Living Language

alges/o sense of pain
what are the primary structures of the nervous system? brain, spinal cord, nerves
astr/o star
cephal/o head
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum
clon/o rapid contracting and relaxing
dur/o dura mater
encephal/o brain
esthes/o sensation, feeling
gli/o glue
medull/o medulla oblongata
mening/o meninges
meningi/o meninges
myel/o spinal cord
neur/o nerve
poli/o gray matter
pont/o pons
radicul/o nerve root
thalam/o thalamus
thec/o sheath (meninges)
ton/o tone
ventricul/o ventricle
-paresis weakness
-phagia speech
-plegia paralysis
-taxia muscle coordination
-trophic pertaining to development
what are the three parts of a neuron? dendrites, nerve cell body, axon
what would you call the area which is unsheathed dendrites or cell bodys gray matter
what would you call myelinated nerve fibers? white matter
what is the term for the interconnecting different parts of the CNS? tracts
what is the term for the three membranes which encase the CNS? meninges
what are the four sections of the brain? cerebrum, cerebellum, diencephalon, brain stem
what is the outer layer of the cerebrum called? cerebral cortex
what are the elevated portions of the cerebrum called? convolutions or gyri
what are the fissures of the cerebrum called? valleys or sulci
where are the thalamus and hypothalamus located? diencephalon
which area of the nervous system does the hypothalamus control? autonomic nervous system
which area of the brain controls pain perception? thalamus
what does the cerebellum do for the body balance, coordination, voluntary body movements
what are the three components of the brain stem? midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata
Created by: Megan Hussey Megan Hussey