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MT Ch7

Respiratory System

Anthrac/o coal or coal dust
Asbest/o asbestos
Atel/o incomplete or imperfect
Bronch/o bronchi
Capn/o carbon dioxide
Coni/o dust
Cyan/o blue
Hem/o blood
Laryng/o larynx
Ot/o ear
Ox/i oxygen
Pharyng/o pharynx
Phon/o voice or sound
Pneum/o or Pneumon/o lung
Pulmon/o lung
Py/o pus
Rhin/o nose
Sept/o septum
Sinus/o sinus
Spir/o to breathe
Thorac/o and –thorax chest
Trache/o trachea
Turbercul/o little knot
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-ectasis stretching
-ectomy surgical removal
-emia abnormal blood condition
-ia abnormal condition
-itis inflammation
-meter means to measure
-ologist specialist
-osis abnormal condition
-otomy surgical incision
-ostomy surgical creation of an opening
-plasty surgical repair
-plegia paralysis
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
-rrhagia excessive bleeding
-rrhea abnormal flow or discharge
-scopy visual examination
-spasm involuntary contraction
A or An- without
Brady- abnormally slow
Dys- bad/difficult/painful/abnormal
Hyper- excessive
Hypo- deficient/decreased
Tachy- abnormally rapid
Otorhinolaryngologist specialist in the ear/nose/throat
Pulmonologist specialist in the lungs
Sinusitis inflammation of the sinuses
Rhinitis inflammation of the nose (due to allergies)
Rhinorrhea abnormal discharge of the nose (runny nose)
Pharyngitis inflammation of the pharynx
Laryngitis inflammation of the larynx
Laryngoplegia paralysis of the larynx
Laryngospasm contraction (tightening) of the larynx
Aphonia abnormal condition without voice
Dysphonia abnormal condition of a bad voice
Bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
Bronchorrhea abnormal discharge (of mucus) from the bronchi
Asthma chronic allergic disease characterized by episodes of breathing difficulty/coughing/wheezing
Bronchospasm contraction (tightening) of the bronchi
Pneumonia Abnormal condition of the lung (serious lung infection and/or inflammation)
Aspiration Pneumonia type of pneumonia that occurs when a foreign substance is inhaled into the lungs
Hemoptysis spitting (up) blood
Pneumothorax “lung chest” (a condition where an accumulation of air or gas in the chest causes the lung to collapse)
Hemothorax “blood chest” (a condition in which there is blood in the chest cavity)
Pyothorax “pus chest” (a condition in which there is pus in the chest cavity)
Atelectasis incomplete stretching (of the lung due to shallow breathing)
Anthracosis Abnormal condition of coal or coal dust (in the lungs; also called black lung disease)
Asbestosis Abnormal condition of asbestos (in the lungs)
Pneumoconiosis Abnormal condition of lung dust (lung tissues become fibrous after prolonged exposure)
Tuberculosis Abnormal condition of knots (in the lungs; caused by the an infectious disease that mainly affects individuals who also have an immunodeficiency disorder)
Cystic Fibrosis genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with mucus
Eupnea good or normal breathing
Apnea without (spontaneous) breathing
Bradypnea (abnormally) slow breathing
Tachypnea (abnormally) rapid breathing
Dyspnea bad or difficult breathing
Hyperpnea excessive breathing (faster and deeper)
Hypopnea decreased breathing (slower and shallower)
Hypercapnia abnormal condition of excessive carbon dioxide
Anoxia abnormal condition without oxygen
Cyanosis abnormal condition of blue (from lack of oxygen)
Hypoxia abnormal condition of decreased oxygen (in the tissues)
Hypoxemia abnormal blood condition of decreased oxygen
Bronchoscopy visual examination of the bronchi
Laryngoscopy visual examination of the larynx
Oximeter means to measure oxygen
Spirometer means to measure breathing (air volume)
Septoplasty surgical repair of the septum
Pharyngoplasty surgical repair of the pharynx
Tracheotomy surgical incision into the trachea
Tracheostomy surgical creation of an opening into the trachea
Laryngectomy surgical removal of the larynx
Laryngoplasty surgical repair of the larynx
Pneumonectomy surgical removal of the lung
Thoracentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest
Br Bronchitis
bronch bronchoscopy
CSB Cheyne-Stokes breathing
CF Cystic Fibrosis
diph diphtheria
PCP Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
Pno pneumothorax
PPV Positive Pressure Ventilation
SAS Sleep Apnea Syndrome
URI Upper Respiratory Infection
Created by: vorachekt