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Diagnostic Test& Pt.


BMD bone mineral density
BUN blood urea nitrogen
C&S culture and sensitivity
C&T crossmatch and type
CT computed tomography
CXR chest x-ray/chest radiography
ECG electrocardiogram (graphy)
EMG electromyogram (graphy)
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
GB/GBS gallbladder/gallbladder series
Hct hematocrit
HDL high denisity lipoprotein
KUB kidney, urter, bladder
LDL low denisty lipoprotein
LP lumbar puncture
MRI magnetic reasonance imaging
MSU midstream urine
O&P ova and parasites
OB occult blood
PCO2 partial pressure of carbon dioxide
PT prothrombine time
RBC red blood cell/ red blood count
UGI upeer gastrointestinal
US ultrasound
WBC white blood cell/white blood count
mammography a specialized x-ray of the breast
hemoglobin (HB) anemial; hemmorage
platelet count counts the number of platelets
arterial blood gases (ABG) determines amount of o2 and co2 dissolved in blood
septum test disgnose cause of chest infections
blood glucose levels test diagnose metabolic diseases
midstream urine test diagnose urinary tract infections
hermatologist diagnosis, treatment, prevention, investigation of blood and lymphatic system disorders
gastroscopy esophagus, stomach and small intestine are viewed
partial thromboplastin time (PTT) evaluates clotting
pathologist examines tissue samples; preforms autopsies
stress test exercise ECG
complete blood count (CBC) helps establish a diagnosis as part of a routine exam
homeostasis healthy body is in a state of equilibrum
stat immediately
electrolytes includes testing for sodium, potassium and chloride
radiologist interprets images of the human body
erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR/SED RATE) measurement of the settling of RBCs
heart (cardiac) enzymes measures enzymes that can tell if a heart attack has occurred
cholesterol/ triglycerides measures types of fat in blood
glucose tolerance test more detailed to diagnose diabetes
critical value one that indicates a life-threatening situation and requires immediate attention
blood cultures ordered if client is suspected of having septicemia
position emission tomography (PET) produces three-dimensional images of cross-sections of body parts
electrocardiography (ECG/EKG) records that electrical activity of the heart
autopsy the examination of a body to determine that cause of death
reference range the normal range; the values expected for a particular test
bone mineral density test (BMD) used to check the density of the bone in the spine and hip
magnetic reasonace imaging uses a magnetic field to produce images
endoscopic retrograde choloangiopancretography (ERCP) uses an endoscope to visualize the liver and bile ducts
ultrasonography/ ultrasound (US) uses high-frequency sound waves
echocardiogram(graphy) uses ultrasound waves to evaluate cardiac function
colonscopy visual exam of the large intestine
barium enema visualizes the lower portion of the bowel
barium swallow x-ray of the throat and esophagus
Created by: lexieeesmith