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Physiology hormones

WVSOM -- Endocrine Physiology Endocrine Master List

QuestionAnswer
Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone Hypothalmus; stimulates secretion of TSH and prolactin
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone hypothalmus; Stimulates ACTH
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Hypothalmus; stimulates LH and FSH
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone Hypothalmus; stimulates GH
Somatostatin Produced in hypothalamus; inhibitory hormone
Dopamine Hypothalmus; inhibits secretion of prolactin
Thyroid Stimulating hormone anterior Pitutiary; stimulates thyroid hormones
Follicle Stimulating Hormone anterior pituitary; stimulates growth of ovarian follicles and estrogen
Leutinizing Hormone anterior pituitary; stimulates ovulation, formation of corpus luteum and synthesis of estrogen and progesterone
Growth Hormone anterior pituitary; stimulates milk production and breast development; inhibits ovulation
Prolactin anterior pituitiary; stimulates milk production, breast development and inhibits ovulation.
Acrenocorticotropic Hormone anterior pituitary; stimulates adrenal cortical hormones
Melanocyte stimulating hormone anterior pituitary; melanin synthesis
Oxytocin posterior pituitary; milk ejection; uterine contraction
Anti-diuretic hormone posterior pituitary; aka Vasopressin; H2O re-absorption by renal collecting ducts
L-thyroxine (T4) Thyroid Gland; skeletal growth; increased O2 consumption; Heat production; increased protein, fat and carbohydrate use; maturation of penial nervous system. Target tissues convert T4 to T3
Triiodothyrome (T3) Thyroid gland; skeletal growth; increased O2 consumption; Heat production; increased protein, fat and carbohydrate use; maturation of penial nervous system. Target tissues convert T4 to T3. 3X more potent than T4.
Glucocorticoids adrenal cortex; stimulates gluconeogenesis; anti-inflammatory; immunosuppression
Estradiol ovary; Growth and development of female reproductive organs; follicular phase of menstrual cycle
Progesterone ovary; luteal phase of the menstrual cycle; maintains pregnancy; raises uterine threshold to contractile stimuli during pregnancy, participates in development of the breasts, negative feedback to FSH and LH
Testosterone testes; spermatogenesis; male secondary sex characteristics
Parathyroid hormone; Para thyroid gland; increases serum Ca, decreases serum phosphate
Calcitonin thyroid gland; decreases serum Ca
Aldosterone adrenal cortex; increased renal Na reabsorption; inc renal K secretion; increased H secretion
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol kidney (activation); increased intestinal Ca absorption; increased bone mineralization
Glucagon Pancreas (alpha cells); increase blood glucose and fatty acid
Insulin pancreas (beta cells); decrease blood glucose, amino acids and fatty acids
Human chorionic gonadotropin placenta; increases estrogen and progesterone synthesis in corpus luteum of pregnancy
Human placental lactogen placenta; same actions as growth hormone and prolactin during pregnancy
Aldosterone comes from the Zonea Glomerulosa
Glucocorticoids come from Zona Fasciculata
Androgens come from zona reticularis
What are the 3 layers of the adrenal cortex? Zona glomerulosa zona fasciculata zona reticularis
POMC derives which hormones? ACTH, lipotropin and endorphin
Created by: Todd Jamrose Todd Jamrose on 2008-12-10



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