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Nutrition Quiz Review

Nutrition How the body uses food for growth and development, maintenance and health.
Malnutrition Inadequate supply of nutrients
Deficiency disease A lack of essential nutrients. Lack of Vit. C=Scurvy, Lack of Vit D=Ricketts
Hollow calorie foods High calorie, low nutrient. (Chips, chocolate, candy, cake, pop)
Digestion Breakdown of food
Enzyme Organic substances that assist in chemical reactions
Absorption Movement of nutrient from intestines into the blood stream
Metabolism How food is used after digestion and absorption in the production of energy
Basal metabolic rate (BMI) Minimum calories required to maintain vital function at rest
Calorie Unit of Energy. Amount of heat or energy produced by a food
Essential nutrient A nutrient that your body cannot make, you must get it from food
Registered dietician A person who has a BA in food and nutrition science and passed an exam through the American Dietician Association (ADA)
Dietetics Application of nutrition science to individuals
What qualifies a food substance as a nutrient Supply heat & energy (carbs & Fats), Regulate body processes (Vitamins & Minerals), Build and repair tissues (Protein)
Which two nutrients provide most of your body's heat & energy? Carbohydrates & Fats (Fats are the primary source of energy)
Which nutrients are responsible for most of your body's build and repair Protein
Which nutrients are necessary for metabolic reaction to proceed normally? Vitamins and Minerals (regulates body processes)
Some general characteristics of malnutrition Decreased resistance to disease & infection, slowed growth and development for children, weight loss (un-intentional)
Which groups of people are naturally more prone to malnutrition? Elderly, Children (teens & Children) Cronically Ill
Where does most nutrient absorption take place Small Intestines
Where does most water absorption take place Large Intestines
What might cause someone's minimum calorie requirements to vary? Working Out, Pregnant, Body Size, Gender, Age
Created by: wenchie040