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MT Ch3

Skeletal System

Ankyl/o crooked, stiff, bent
Arthr/o joint
Burs/o bursa (sac of fluid near the joint)
Chondr/o cartilage
Cost/o rib
Crani/o skull
Hem/o blood
Kyph/o hump
Lamin/o lamina (part of bone that surrounds the spinal canal; where the spinal cord passes)
Lord/o swayback curve/bent backward
Myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
Oste/o bone
Pod/o foot
Por/o pore (small opening)
Scoli/o curved
Spondyl/o vertebrae (backbone)
Synovi/o; Synov/o synovial membrane (membrane that lubricates the joints)
-listhesis slipping
-lysis loosening / setting free (therapeutic) or breaking down/destruction (diseased condition)
-penia deficiency
-poietic forming
Prosthesis substitute for a disease/missing body part
Orthotic mechanical appliance designed to control/correct/compensate for impaired limb function
Bone Marrow Transplant used to treat certain types of cancers (leukemia
Allogenic BMT uses healthy bone marrow from a compatible donor
Autologous BMT the patient receives his own marrow cells that have been previously harvested
Hallux valgus abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe (bunion)
Luxation total dislocation of a bone from its joint
Subluxation partial displacement of a bone from its joint
Rheumatoid Arthritis joint inflammation caused by the body’s immune system attacking its own joint tissues
Ankylosing Spondylitis stiffening of the vertebrae with inflammation (another form of Rheumatoid Arthritis)
Osteoarthritis bone/joint inflammation caused by “wear-and-tear” of cartilage at the joints
Spondylosis “wear-and-tear” of the cartilage of the vertebrae
Lumbago pain in the lumbar region of the spine (may be caused by anything)
Spondylolisthesis vertebra slipping forward on the spinal column
Spina Bifida congenital defect where the spinal canal fails to close around the spinal cord
Kyphosis abnormal increase of the outward curvature of the spine (humpback)
Lordosis abnormal increase of the forward curvature (swayback)
Scoliosis abnormal lateral curvature of the spine (sideways)
Compression fracture collapse of a vertebra due to trauma or weakened state (osteoporosis)
Comminuted fracture bone is splintered/crushed into pieces
Greenstick fracture bone is bent/partially broken (usually in children)
Open fracture bone is broken out to the surface of the skin
Spiral fracture bone is broken by a twisting motion (usually in sports injuries)
Stress fracture small crack in the bone from overuse or chronic/excessive impact
Arthrodesis surgical fixation (fusion) of a joint (to stiffen the joint due to severe deformities)
Percutaneous Vetebroplasty surgical repair of the vertebrae where bone cement is injected to stabilize compression fractures
Arthrolysis surgical loosening of a (stiffened) joint
Arthroplasty surgical repair of a joint (may also be an artificial joint replacement)
Bursectomy surgical removal of bursa
Chondroplasty surgical repair of (damaged) cartilage
Synovectomy surgical removal of synovial membrane from a joint
Laminectomy surgical removal of lamina
Craniotomy surgical incision into the skull to gain access to the brain
Craniectomy surgical removal of a portion of the skull to relieve pressure from swelling of the brain
Cranioplasty surgical repair of the skull
Osteoclasis surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity
Ostectomy surgical removal of bone
Osteoplasty surgical repair of bone/bones
Osteorrhaphy surgical suturing (wiring together) of bones
Osteotomy surgical incision or sectioning of bone
External fixation fracture treatment where pins are placed in bone/soft tissues so an external appliance can hold the bone in place during healing
Internal fixation fracture treatment where pins or a plate directly hold the bone/broken pieces in place (this is not usually removed after healing)
Bursitis inflammation of a bursa
Chondromalacia abnormal softening of cartilage
Chondroma benign tumor in cartilage
Costochondritis inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum
Hemarthrosis abnormal condition of blood within a joint
Synovitis inflammation of the synovial membrane
Craniostenosis abnormal narrowing of the skull (a malformation of the premature closure of the skull)
Ostealgia bone pain
Osteitis inflammation of bone
Osteomalacia abnormal softening of bones in adults (caused by Vitamin D deficiency)
Osteomyelitis inflammation of the bone and bone marrow
Osteonecrosis death of bone tissue (due to insufficient blood supply)
Myeloma cancer found in bone marrow
Osteochondroma benign bony projection covered with cartilage
Osteoporosis abnormal condition of porous bone (loss of bone density)
Osteopenia bone deficiency (thinner than average bone that is a risk factor for osteoporosis)
Chiropractor specializes in spinal manipulation to treat various disorders
Orthopedic surgeon specializes in diseases/disorders involving the bones
Osteopath uses traditional forms of medical treatment in addition to spinal manipulation
Podiatrist specializes in disorders of the foot
Hemopoietic pertaining to the formation of blood (from bone marrow)
Arthrosclerosis abnormal hardening of a joint
Ankylosis stiff; abnormal condition (loss of joint mobility)
Hemopoietic pertaining to the formation of blood (from bone marrow)
Myeloma tumor found in bone marrow
Osteochondroma benign tumor of bone and cartilage (cartilage-capped bony growth)
BMT Bone Marrow Transplant
BDT Bone Density Testing
CR Closed Reduction
Fx Fracture
OA Osteoarthritis
OP Osteoporosis
TMJ Temporomandibular Joint
THA Total Hip Ahtroplasty
TJA Total Joint Arhtroplasty
TKA Total Knee Arthroplasty
Created by: vorachekt