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Medical Terminology

Medical Terms

gastro stomach
cutis skin
dent teeth
derma skin
hapsia touch
odont teeth
onco tumor
onychia nail bed
pedicular lice
prurigo itching
psora itch
sarvo flesh
sclero hard
squama scaly
tricho hair
chole bile, gallbladder
colon large intestine
emesis vomiting
entero intestine
glosso tongue
hepat liver
ile ilieum
laparo abdomen
myxo mucus
procto anus, rectum
pyloro pylorus, gate keeper
stoma opening, mouth
viscero body organs
adeno gland
calculi stone
cele tumor, cyst; hernia
cyto cell
glyco sweet, sugar
homeo, homo similar, same, like
lingua tongue
lip fat
lith stone
madaro falling hair
psych mind
pyo pus
radi rays
thermic heat
arthro joint
carpo wrist
chondro cartilage
costa rib
cranio skull
dactyl finger
ili hip
manus hand
myel bone marrow
myo muscle
ortho straighten
osteo bone
pedi foot
spondyl vertabra
angio vessel
aortal aorta, main artery
arterio artery
cardio heart
emboli vessel obstruction
emia blood
hema hemo blood
phleb vein
thrombo blood clot
varico varicose veins
vaso blood vessel
vena vein
ventricu heart cavity
broncho bronchi, airway
cili hairlike processes
ectasis expansion
laryngo larynx, voice box
naso nose
oro mouth
oxy oxygen, keen
pector breast, chest
pleura rib side
pneumo lung
ptysis to spit
pulmo lungs
rhin nose
tracheo trachea, windpipe
creatinine a waste material in urine
cysto bladder
glomerulo nephron part; little ball
nephro kidney
peritoneo lining of abdominal organs
pyelo pelvis
reni kidney
uretero ureter
urethro urethra
uri urine
uric pertaining to urine
urina urine
uro urine
bulbo bulblike; bulbourethral gland
cervi neck; uterus
galacto milk
genito reproductive system
hyster uterus
lactin milk
mast breast
metr uterus
natal born
oophoro ovary
orchido testicle
ova, ovi, ovo egg
salping tube; fallopian
sperma spermato seed
vas duct, vessel
audio sound
cerebro brain
encephalo brain
esthesia sensation
anesthesia without sensation
medulla brain middle
meningo membranes; spinal cord
neuro nerves
occiput back of skull
oculo eye
ophthalmo eye
oto ear
parietes parietel; wall part
pons bridges
tempora temporal
a, an without, -anonymous
ab away from, -abduction
ad toward, -adventure
algia pain
ante before; wall part, -antepartum
anti against, -antifreeze
bi two, double, -bilateral
brady slow, -bradycardia (slow heartbeat)
circum around, -circumcision
co, con together, -coexist
de down, away from, -dehydrate
desis binding, fixation of, -arthrodesis (surgical fixation of a joint)
dia through, -diagonal
dys difficult, abnormal, -dysfunctional
ecto outside, -ectocornea (outer layer of the cornea)
ectomy excision, -tonsillectomy
endo within, -endogastric
epi outer, on top of, over, -epicurean (top of the line)
exo away from, -exotic
extra outside, beyond, -extrasensory (beyond senses)
fero iron, -ferrokinetics (study of iron metabolism)
fore before, -forehead
form shape of, -renoform (kidney shaped)
graphy writing, record,
hemi half, -hemisphere (half circle)
hydra, hydro water, -hydrophobia (fear of)
hyper above, -hypertension
hypo below, -hypothermia
iasis condition of
iatric medicine -pediatric
ic pertaining to, -enteric (pertaining to the small intestines), hispanic
inter between, -intercostal, intermission
intra within, -intra-aortic
isis, asis condition of, -metastasis (condition of change in location or spreading)
itis inflamation, -gastritis, gingivitis
juxta near
kinesis movement, -metakinesis (moving apart)
kypho humped, -kyphosis (humpbacked)
logia, logy science of, -cardiology (logic)
lysis disintegration, -analysis (breakdown of information)
macro large, long
malacia softening, -chondromalacia (soft cartilage)
med, medi, medio middle, -mediate
mega, megaly enlarged
micro small
mono single, one, -single cell mononucleosis
multi many
neo new
ob against
oid like, shape; resemble, -android (human like)
oliga few
ology study of
oma tumor
osis condition, -pediculosis (condition of lice infestation)
otomy incision, -craniotomy (skull incision)
ectomy removal
pachy thick
para near; departure from the norm
path disease
pathology study of disease
penia deficiency
peri around, -perimeter (border)
systolic high number
diastolic low number
pexy fixation, suspension, -retinopexy (surgical repair of a detached retina)
phobia fear of
phoresis transmission
plasty plastic surgical correction
plegia paralysis; stroke, -paraplegia (paralysis from the waist down)
poly many, -polyarthritis (arthritis in numerous joints)
post after
pre before
pro in front of; on behalf of
psuedo false
ptosis falling
re back, again, -reaction, reflex
retro backward
rrhaphy suture
rhexis rupture
scopy exam
semi half
sphygmo pulse
sub below
super, supra above
sym, syn together
tachy swift, fast
tele distance
toxo poison
trans across
tri three
ultra above
uni one
xeno foreign
xero dry, -xerochilia (chapped lips)
albus white
chloro green
chrom color, -chrome (shiny)
cirrhosis yellow condition
cyano blue
erythr red
leuko white
melano black
polio gray
purpura purple; porphyria
rhodo rose
rubeo red
xantho yellow
a before
aa of each
abd abdomen
a.c. before meals
ADL activity of daily living
ad lib as desired
a.m. morning
amt amount
AROM active range of motion
AX axillary (under arm)
BID two times a day
BRP bathroom privileges
C* celsius
c with line over it with (water)
cal calorie
cath catheter
CBR complete bedrest
cc cubic centimeter
CHF congestive heart failure
cm centimeter
CN charge nurse
CNS central nervous system
c/o complains of
DC discontinue
D O N director of nurses
DX diagnosis
F farenheit
fx fracture
GI gastrointentinal
gtt drop
GU genitoury
h hour
HOH hard of hearing
HOB head of bed
HS hour of sleep
I/O intake and output
kg kilogram
L liter
LE/LLE/LUE lower extremity, lower left extremity, lower upper extremity
Lt left
MI myocardial infarction (heart attack)
mm milimeter
noc at night (nocturnal)
NPO nothing by mouth
N/V nausea and vomiting
O.D. right eye
O.S. left eye
OOB out of bed
O.U. both eyes
p with line above it after
P pulse
p.c. after meals
PO by mouth
prn as needed
PROM passive range of motion
pt. patient
qd every day
qh every hour
q2h every 2 hours
qid 4 times a day
qod every other day
QNS quantity not sufficient
QS quantity sufficient
R with circle around it (registered trademark) rectal
R respirations (breaths per minute)
RE/RUE/RLE right extremity, right upper extremity, right left extremity
ROM range of motion
Rx prescription (recipe of prescription)
S with a line over without
sig write, to be labeled (Rx sig)
SOB shortness of breath
ss half (solo semi)
SSE soap suds enema (colonoscopy)
staph staphylococcus
stat immediately
strep streptococcus
syr syrup
T temperature
tab tablet
tid three times a day
TO telephone order
TPR temperature, pulse, and respirations
UP universal precautions
UTI urinary tract infection
URI upper respiratory infection
v.o. verbal order
v.s. vital signs
W/C wheelchair
wt. weight
CCU coronary care unit
ICU intensive care unit
CS central supply
EENT eyes, ears, nose, throat
ER emergency room
GI gastrointestinal lab
lab laboratory
MICU medical intensive care unit
NICU neuro intensive care unit; neonatal intensive care unit)
OR operating room
pedi, peds pediatric
PT, RT physical and respiratory therapy
SICU surgical intensive care unit
ABG arterial blood gas
ACP acute care panel
BUN blood urea nitrogen
C&S culture and sensitivity
CBC complete blood count
chem chemistry
CSF cerebral spinal fluid
CXR chest xray
DPT diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
FBS fasting blood sugar
HCT hematocrit
Hgb hemoglobin
lytes electrolytes
O&P ova and parasites
O2 oxygen
RBC red blood cells
TB tuberculosis
UA urinalysis
WBC white blood cells
Ca calcium
Cl chloride
CRE creatinine
Fe iron
Glu glucose
K+ potassium
Na sodium
NaHCO3 sodium bicarbonate
anterior front side
distal farthest point away
dorsal backside
high fowlers sitting at a 90° angle
inferior below
lateral side of
medial middle
peripheral on the edge of or outside of
posterior rear or back of
prone lie on the front side facedown
proximal nearest
superior above
supine lie on back
transverse across
ventral to the belly
Created by: rcanfield4