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Medical Word Parts

AAPC Chapter 2 - Word Parts

derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
hidr/o sweat
kerat/o keratin, horny layer of skin
melan/o dark, black, melanin
onych/o nail
seb/o sebum, sebaceuos gland
trich/o hair
arthr/o joint
burs/o bursa, sac of fluid near joint
chondr/o cartilage
erg/o work
fasci/o fascia
kin/o movement
kinesi/o movement
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
oste/o bone
synov/i synovial fluid, joint, or membrane
ten/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
ton/o tone, pressure
bronch/o bronchus
laryng/o larynx
pharyng/o pharynx
phren/o diaphragm
phrenic/o phrenic nerve
pleur/o pleura
pneumon/o lung
pneumat/o air, gas, respiration, lung
pulm/o lungs
pulmon/o lungs
rhin/o nose
spir/o breathing
trache/o traches
angi/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arter/o artery
arteri/o artery
arteriol/o arteriole
atri/o atrium
cardi/o heart
phleb/o vein
valv/o valve
valvul/o valve
vas/o vessel, duct, vas deferens
vascul/o vessel, duct
ven/o vein
ven/i vein
ventricul/o cavity, ventricle
erythr/o red, red blood cell
erthryocyt/o red blood cell
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
leuk/o white, white blood cell
leukocyt/o white blood cell
lymph/o lymph, lymphatic system
lymphaden/o lymphnode
lymphangi/o lymphatic vessel
splen/o spleen
thromb/o blood clot
thrombocyt/o platelet, thrombocyte
thym/o thymus gland
tonsil/o tonsil
bucc/o cheek
chol/e bile, gall
chol/o bile, gall
cholangi/o bile duct
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
enter/o intestine
gastr/o stomach
gloss/o tongue
hepat/o liver
labi/o lip
lingu/o tongue
or/o mouth
sial/o saliva, salivary gland, salivary duct
stom/a mouth, opening
stomat/o mouth
proct/o rectum
uvul/o uvula
cali/o calyx
calic/o calyx
cyst/o urinary bladder
glomerul/o glomerulus
nephr/o kidney
pyel/o renal pelvis
ren/o kidney
ur/o urine, urinary tract
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
urin/o urine
vesic/o urinary bladder
epididym/o epididymis
orchi/o testis
orchid/o testis
osche/o scrotum
prostat/o prostate
semin/o semen
sperm/o semen, spermatozoa
spermat/o semen, spermatozoa
test/o testis, testicle
vesicul/o seminal vesicle
colp/o vagina
episi/o vulva
gyn/o woman
gynec/o woman
hyster/o uterus
ov/o ovum, egg cell
oophor/o ovary
salping/o oviduct. tube, eustacian tube
adren/o adrenal gland, epinephrine
adrenal/o adrenal gland, epinephrine
adrenocortic/o adrenal cortex
endocrin/o endocrine glands or system
hypophys/o pituitary gland, hypophysis
insul/o pacreatic islets
parathyr/o parathyroid glands
pituitar/o pituitary glands
thyr/o thyroid gland
cerebr/o cerebrum
cortic/o cerebral cortex, outer portion
encephal/o brain
gangli/o ganglion
gli/o neuroglia cells
medull/o medulla oblongata, middle, soft
mening/o meninges
myel/o spinal cord
neur/o nervous system
psych/o mind
radicul/o spinal nerve root
somn/o sleep
blephar/o eyelid
cochle/o cochlea
corne/o cornea
dacryocyst/o lacrimal sac
myring/o tympanic membrane
ot/o ear
phak/o lens
phac/o lens
retin/o retina
scler/o sclera
tympan/o tympanic cavity (middle ear), typanic membrane
ec-, ecto- out, outside
end/o- in, within
mes/o middle
dextr/o right
ab- away from
ad- toward near
dia- through, complete
per- through
pro- before, in front of
post- after, behind
mon/o one, single
bi- two, twice
tri- three
quadri- four
poly- many, much
-gram a recording, record of data
-graph instrument for recording data
-graphy act of recording data
-meter instrument for measuring
-scope instrument for viewing or examining
-scopy examination of
-centesis puncture, tap
-desis binding, fusion
-ectomy excision, surgical removal
-pexy surgical fixation
-plasty plastic surgery/repair, reconstruction
-rraphy surgical repair, suture
-stomy surgical creation of an opening
-tome instrument for incising (cutting)
-tomy incision cutting
-tripsy crushing
immun/o immunity, immune system
Created by: LindaEV