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LM - Chapter 3 B


arthralgia pain in the joint
otalgia pain in the ear
neuralgia pain in the nerves
myalgia pain in the muscles
rectocele hernia of the rectum
cystocele hernia of the urinary bladder
thoracocentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest (throacentesis)
amniocentiesis surgical puncture of the amnion
streptococcus berry-shaped (speroidal) bacterium found in twisted chains
staphylococci berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacteria in clusters
erythrocyte red blood cell
leukocyte white blood cell
thrombocyte clotting cell
pleurodynia pain in the chest wall muscles that is aggravated by breathing (pain of the pleura)
laryngectomy removal of the larynx
mastectomy removal of the breast
anemia decrease in erythrocytes of hemoglobin
ischemia to hold back blood from an area of the body
carcinogenesis condition of producing cancer
pathogenesis condition of producing disease
angiogenesis formation of blood vessels
carcinogenic pertaining to producing cancer
osteogenic pertaining to produced within the bone
electoencephalogram record of the electricity of the brain
myelogram record (x-ray) of the spinal cord
mammogram record (x-ray) of the breast
electroencephalograph intrument for recording electricity of the brain
electroencephalography process of recording the electricity of the brain
angiography process of recording (x-ray) blood vessels
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
tonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils
thrombophlebitis inflammation of a vein with clot formation
ophthalmology study of the eye
morphology study of shape or form
hemolysis destruction of blood (breakdown of red blood cells with release of hemoglobin)
osteomalacia softing of the bone
chondromalacia softing of the cartilage
acromegaly enlargement of extremities
splenomegaly enlargement of the spleen
myoma tumor (benign) of muscle
myosarcoma tumor (malignant) of muscle (a type of flesh tissue)
multiple myeloma tumor of bone marrow
hematoma collectoin of blood (bruise)
biopsy to view life; micorscopic examination of living tissue
necropsy visual examination of dead bodies; autopsy (most often used for animals)
necrosis condition of death (of cells)
hydronephrosis abnormal condition of water (found) in the kidney
leukocytosis abnormal condition (slight increase in numbers) of normal white blood cells
cardiomyopathy disease of heart muscle
erythropenia disease of red blood cells
neutropenia deficiency of neutrophils
thrombocytopenia deficiency of clotting cells
acrophobia fear of heights
agoraphobia fear of being in the open, crowded spaces (marketplace)
achondraplasia no (improper) develpment of cartilage
angioplasty surgical repair of blood vessels
blepharoptosis prolapse, sagging of the eye lid
nephroptosis prolaps of the kidney
ateriosclerosis hardening of the arteries
laparascope instrument to visually examine the abdomen
laparascopy process of vusual examination of the abdomen
metastasis beyond control; spreading of cancerous tissue
hemostasis stopping the flow of blood (naturally by clotting or a artificially by compression)
colostomy new opening of the colon (to the outside of the body)
tracheostomy new opening of the windpipe (to the outside of the body)
hydrotherapy treatment with water
chemotherapy treatment with drugs
radiotherapy treatment with x-rays
laparotomy incision into the abdomen
phlebotomy incision of a vein
hypertrophy excessive development
atrophy no development; wasting away of tissue
radiographer one who records x-rays; radiologic technologist.
leukemia condition of increase of white cells (malignancy)
pneumonia condition (abnormal) of lungs
nephrologist specialist in the study of the kidney
arteriole small artery
venule small vein
pericardium structure surrounding the heart
nephropathy disease of the kidney
cardiac pertaining to the heart
peritoneal pertaining to the peritoneum
inguinal pertaining to the groin
pleural pertaining to the pleura
tonsillar pertaining to the tonsils
pulmonary pertaining to the lungs
axillary pertaining to the armpit
laryngeal pertaining to the voice box
chronic long term; over a long period of time
pathological pertainiing to the study of disease
adenoids resembling glands (lymphatic tissue of the throat, near the nose)
adipose pertaining to fat
mucous pertaining to mucus
necrotic pertaining to death (of cells)
Created by: marykay135