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Indigo Module

Indigo Review

Define skin and its important functions. -the largest organ of the body -registers sensations  -protects against the sun  -regulates body temp  -prevents dehydration - reservoir for food and water  -synthesizes vitamin D
Describe first-degree burns. -superficial burns  -only injures epidermis  -erythema, hyperesthesia
Describe immunotherapy. -biotherapy -newer treatment that stimulates the body’s own immune defenses to fight tumour cells
Describe in situ and invasive. -in situ - confined to the original site -invasive - penetrate the surrounding area
Describe sebaceous glands. -secrete sebum -causes acne -present over entire body except soles and palms
Describe second-degree burns. -partial-thickness burns -damage epidermis and part of dermis -vesicles or bullae form
Describe the subcutaneous layer. -hypodermis - binds dermis to underlying structures  -composed of connective and adipose tissue -stores fats, insulates and cushions body, regulates body temp
Describe third-degree burns. -full thickness burns -epidermis and dermis are destroyed -waxy and charred
How is hair colour determined? related to the amount of pigment produced in melanocytes
What are the two most important sublayers of the epidermis and where are they located? -stratum corneum - outermost  -basal layer - Innermost
What do melanocytes produce and what is their function? melanin it protects skin from ultraviolet radiation from sun
What happens to new skin cells as they move towards the stratum corneum? they die
What is a dermatologist? physician who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases
What is a pathologist? grades and stages tumours
What is the most common type of skin cancer? basal cell carcinoma
trichomycosis abnormal condition of hair fungus
pallor absence of colour in the skin
urticaria allergic reaction of the skin characterized by eruption of pale red, elevated patches
neoplasm any new and abnormal growth
impetigo bacterial skin infection
alopecia baldness
hemagioma benign tumour of dilated blood vessels
malignant cancerous
eczema chronic inflammatory skin condition
integument covering
tinea fungal skin infection; also called ringworm
pediculosis infestation with lice
onychia inflammation of the nail bed
thelitis inflammation of the nipple
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
acne inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands
pruritus intense itching
vitiligo loss of skin pigmentation
petechia minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin
gangrene necrosis or death of tissue
benign non-cancerous
cicatrix normal scarring
congenital noted at birth
subcutaneous pertaining to under the skin
abscess pus at the sight of an infection
keloid raised firm, thickened scar
erythema redness of the skin
crustation scab
abrasion scrape
dermatoplasty skin grafting
lentigo small brown macules
comedo small skin lesion of acne
pressure ulcer sore that prevents blood flow to tissues
mycology study of fungus
pachyderma thick skin
psoriasis thick, dry, silvery scales cause by excessive development of the basal layer
fulguration tissue destruction by electric current; also called electrodesiccation
albinism total absence of pigment in skin, hair and eyes
xenograft transplantation from a foreign donor
verruca warts
BCC basal cell carcinoma
Bx, bx biopsy
C & S culture & sensitivity
CA cancer
chemo chemotherapy
CIS carcinoma in situ
cm centimeter
decub. decubitus
Derm. Dermatology
FS frozen section
I & D incision & drainage
ID intradermal
IMP impression
IV intravenous
TNM tumour-node-metastasis
ung ointment
XP, XDP xeroderma pigmentosum
Created by: Barbara Ross