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Abdominal Vessels

CCRI-Newport Q16

QuestionAnswer
This organ is served by the inferior (caudal) phrenic artery. Diaphragm
This artery is usually short and exists between the external iliac arteries and the medial sacral artery of cats. It gives rise to the left and right internal iliac arteries of the cat. Occasionally it is missing in the cats. Common Iliac Artery
This artery is a branch off of the caudal mesenteric artery of the cat. It passes caudally along the rectum of the cat and forms collateral circulation with other vessels in the pelvic region. Cranial Rectal Artery
This artery is the second ventral branch of the aorta. It moves obliquely in a caudal direction toward the ventral midline and usually has a large diameter. It gives rise to the middle colic artery, caudal pancreaticoduodenal artery, ileocolic (ileocecal) Cranial Mesenteric Artery
This artery is one of two branches of the splenic artery that we will study. It supplies blood to the caudal end of the spleen. Caudal Splenic Artery
This artery is the third ventral branch of the abdominal aorta. In humans it branches from the aorta at the level of L3 body. It gives rise to the left colic and cranial rectal arteries in the cat. Caudal Mesenteric Artery
This artery is one of two branches of the splenic artery that we will study. It supplies blood to the cranial end of the spleen. Cranial Splenic Artery
This organ is served by the cranial and caudal pancreaticoduodenal arteries and it is NOT a mixed gland. Duodenum
This artery is a branch of the celiac artery (trunk). It has two major branches in the cat that we will study. They are the cystic artery and the gastroduodenal artery. Hepatic Artery
These usually occur when arterioles meet, head to head, and serve the same capillary bed. This provides for collateral circulation. Anastomoses
This is the generic name for the internal spermatic artery and the ovarian artery. It is the third lateral branch of the abdominal aorta that we will study. Gonadal Artery
This organ is served by the renal artery and vein. Kidney
This organ is served by the cystic artery. Gall Bladder
This is the main artery from which the three ventral branches come as well as the four lateral branches on each side. It originates from the left ventricle of the heart. Aorta
This artery is a branch of the hepatic artery. It serves the gall bladder. In humans it is a branch of the right hepatic artery. Cystic Artery
This organ is served by the middle colic and left colic arteries in the cat. Colon
The left and right arteries with this name are the first lateral branches of the abdominal aorta. They form one of the 5 major abdominal anastomoses with the deep iliac circumflex artery (left and right). Left and Right Adrenolumbar Arteries
In humans it runs along the rectum, divides into two branches that run along the lateral sides of the rectum and eventually forms pelvic anastomoses with the middle rectal and inferior rectal arteries. Cranial Rectal Artery
In humans there are left and right arteries with this name that branch from the aorta at the level of the body of lumbar 4 vertebra and in turn they give rise to the external and internal iliac arteries on both sides. Common Iliac Artery
In humans it gives rise to the left colic, superior rectal as well as several sigmoid arteries. It is usually significantly smaller both in length and diameter than the celiac trunk or the cranial mesenteric arteries. Caudal Mesenteric Artery
In humans it courses to the right side where it gives rise to the hepatic artery proper and the gastroduodenal artery. The hepatic artery proper continues to the right where it gives rise to the right and left hepatic arteries. Hepatic Artery
This artery (trunk) is the first anterior (ventral) branch of the abdominal aorta. It gives rise to the hepatic artery (common hepatic artery), the left gastric artery, and the splenic artery. It has a substantial diameter in most cats. Celiac Artery (Trunk)
This artery is one of two branches of the caudal mesenteric artery in the cat. It passes to the left side of the colon and forms collateral circulation with the middle colic artery. Left Colic Artery
This artery is the second lateral branch off of the internal iliac artery, both on the left and right sides of the cat. This occurs in the pelvis of the cat. This artery will form collateral circulation with the cranial gluteal artery. Left and Right Gluteal Artery
This organ is served by the hepatic artery. Also, one should always save it! :o) Liver
There are left and right arteries with this name and they are lateral branches of the common iliac artery of the cat. Left and Right Internal Iliac Artery
This vessel serves the diaphragm and it is a branch of the adrenolumbar artery. There is one on both the left and right sides. Left and Right Phrenic Artery
This portion of the large intestine is served by the cranial rectal artery and the internal pudendal artery. Rectum
These two arteries have very different origins, one being a branch of the celiac trunk and the other is a branch of the gastroduodenal artery. They form anastomoses along the lesser curvature of the stomach. They both, therefore, serve the stomach. Left and Right Gastric Arteries
This organ is served by the branches of the left gastric and right gastric arteries. These branches would be called epiploic arteries. Lesser Omentum
This organ is served by the right and left gastroepiploic arteries. This organ does NOT receive food from the esophagus. Greater Omentum
This artery is a branch of the hepatic artery. In the cat the three main branches of this artery are the right gastric artery, cranial pancreaticoduodenal artery, and right gastroepiploic artery. Gastroduodenal Artery
This artery is usually the first branch off the cranial mesenteric artery. It forms functionally anastomoses with the left colic artery, which is a branch of the caudal mesenteric artery. Middle Colic Artery
This artery is usually the second branch of the celiac trunk in the cat and is the smallest branch of the celiac trunk in humans. It joins the lesser curvature of the stomach from the left side and forms an anastomosis with the right gastric artery. Left Gastric Artery
This organ is served by the ovarian artery. Ovary
This organ is served by the cranial and caudal pancreaticoduodenal artery. It does NOT receive chyme from the stomach. Pancreas
This artery serves the ovary. It is the third lateral branch of the abdominal aorta that we will study. In humans it passes inferiorly and laterally on the anterior surface of the psoas major to the ovary. Ovarian Artery
This artery serves the kidney. It is the second lateral branch of the abdominal aorta that we will study. Renal Artery
In humans it leaves the pelvic cavity by way of the greater sciatic foramen inferior to the piriformis muscle. It supplies muscles in the area and passes into the posterior thigh where it forms collateral circulation with branches of the femoral artery. Left and Right Gluteal Artery
We will study four main branches of the this artery: umbilical artery (medial branch), cranial gluteal artery (lateral branch), internal pudendal or middle hemorrhoidal artery (medial branch), and caudal gluteal artery (lateral branch). Left and Right Internal Iliac Artery
). In humans there are a left and right common iliac arteries and each gives rise to one of these arteries as well as an external iliac artery. In humans this artery has an anterior and posterior trunk. Left and Right Internal Iliac Artery
In humans the left artery also gives rise to esophageal branches that serve the abdominal portion of the esophagus. Left and Right Gastric Arteries
it serves four organs: stomach, greater omentum, pancreas, and duodenum. In humans it gives rise to the supraduodenal artery, the right gastroomental artery, and the superior pancreaticoduodenal artery. Gastroduodenal Artery
In humans this vessel bifurcates. Its left branch anastomoses with the left colic artery (as it does in the cat) while its right branch anastomoses with the right colic artery. Middle Colic Artery
In humans it also gives rise to esophageal branches that serve the abdominal portion of the esophagus. Left Gastric Artery
Created by: kboyer on 2008-11-22



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