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Elementary BHQB

Elementary Black History Quiz Bowl

What Amendment freed the slaves? The 13th Amendment
When did the first Africans arrive at Jamestown? 1619
What were the first Africans in Jamestown considered? Indentured servants
What is one who opposes the practice of slavery? Abolitionist
What was founded in 1908 at Howard University? Alapha Kappa Alpha Sorority AKA
What were the colors of Alapha Kappa Alpha Sorority? Pink and green
Who was Alex Haley? An American Author who wrote Roots and Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman
Who was the Jackie Robinson of tennis? (Broke the color barrier of the game) Althea Gibson
Who was the first African American male to win a singles title at Wimbledon? Arthur Ashe
Who is Barack Obama? The first African American president of the Harvard Law Review, and the 44th President of the United States
Who was the famous black jazz singer whose autobiography was "Lady Sings the Blues" Billie Holiday
Who was the first president of Tuskegee Institute? Booker T. Washington
What is a boycott? a group's refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization in protest against its policies; to refuse to buy goods and services
Who was Carl Lewis? The first athlete since 1936 to win 4 gold medals in the Olympic game
Who was the first female African American senator? Carol Mosley Braum
Who founded Negro History Week which became Black History Month? Carter G. Woodson
Who was Cicely Tyson? a famous black actress who appeared in Roots and The Autobiography of Miss Jane
Who was the first African American Secretary of State? Colin L. Powell
Who was the first African American female to serve as Secretary of State? Condoleezza Rice
Who was the first doctor ever to operate on a human heart? Daniel Hale Williams
Who was Dorothy I. Height? She counseled the First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt and advised President Eisenhower to desegregate schools
Who was Dr. Charles Drew? an African American heart surgeon
Who was the first African American female in space? Dr. Mae Jemison
Who was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize? Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Who was Dr. Maulana Karenga? the founder of Kwanza
What was the Dred Scott Decision? the U.S. Supreme Court decision that stated that slaves were not protected by the Constitution
Who was the first African American to be on a U.S. coin? (Was also a jazz musician) Duke Ellington
Who was Elijah Muhammad? a spiritual mentor to Malcolm X and the founder of the Nation of Islam
What does it mean to "emancipate"? to set free (from slavery)
What were Freedom Rides? Desegregation tactics by Civil Rights activists known as Freedom Riders who rode on interstate buses into segregated Southern areas to test the ruling of Boynton v. Virginia, which declared segregation in interstate and rail stations
What man developed over 300 products from the peanut? George Washington Carver
Who were the Greensboro 4? 4 men who participated in peaceful protests at Woolworth Department Store lunch counters in Greensboro, North Carolina
Who was the first African American in space? Guion Bluford
Who was the first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize? Gwendolyn Brooks
What is the world's oldest black republic? Haiti
Who was Harriet Tubman? an African American abolitionist and conductor of the Underground Railroad
Who was the first African American to win an Academy Award for "Best Supporting Actress"? Hattie McDaniel
What are HBCU's? Historically Black Colleges and Universities
Who was the first African American graduate of West Point Military Academy? (Was also from Georgia) Henry O. Flipper
Who was Ida Wells Barnett? an anti-lynching crusader. Published "The Red Record" -- a pamphlet against lynching
What is integration? the act of uniting or bringing together, especially people of different races
Who was Jackie Robinson? the first African American to play Major League Baseball
Who wrote "Lift Every Voice and Sing"? James Weldon Johnson
Who won 4 Olympic Gold medals in the 1936 Olympics? Jesse Owens
What were Jim Crow Laws? state/local laws in America between 1876 and 1964 that segregated public places. They separate whites and blacks in almost all aspects of life.
Who was the creator of Ebony and Jet magazines? John H. Johnson
What was the Texas holiday honoring the end of slavery? Juneteenth
Who were the Little Rock Nine? a group of African American students who were enrolled in Little Rock High School -- the first desegregated public school in America
Who was the African American playwright who wrote A Raisin in the Sun? Lorraine Hansberry
Who was Madam C.J. Walker? an African American business woman, hair care entrepreneur, and philanthropist
Who sang "Precious Lord, take My Hand" in Martin Luther King's funeral procession? She was considered the Queen of Gospel. Mahalia Jackson
Who was Malcolm Little popularly known as? Malcolm X
What was the March on Washington? a large political rally in support of civil and economic rights for black Americans -- 1963
Who was the founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, the nation's first nationalist movement for African Americans? Marcus Garvey
Who was the first black to perform at Metropolitan Opera and an opera singer who sang at the Lincoln Memorial after the Daughters of the American Revolution refused to allow her to sing in their concert hall? Marian Anderson
Who founded the Children's Defense Fund in 1973? Marian Wright Edelman
Who was the first African American female to serve as an adviser to a president (Franklin Roosevelt)? Mary McLeod Bethune
Who was Matthew A. Henson? the first African American to set foot on the North Pole -- 1909
Who was Maya Angelou? a poet
Who was the first black mayor of Atlanta? Maynard Jackson
Who is Michael Jordan? the greatest NBA player of all time
What was the Million Man March? a gathering in Washington advocating unity, atonement, and brotherhood -- 1995
Who was Mohammed Ali? the only man to win a heavy weight boxing championship 3 times
What is the Morehouse College? an all male college in Atlanta
What is Motown Records? The first African American music company to achieve crossover success in America. Owned by Berry Gordy, Jr.
What is the NAACP? the oldest civil rights organization in America. Founded by W.E.B. DuBois
What was the Underground Railroad? a network of secret routes and safe houses used by black slaves in America to escape to freedom
The term that describes a person with as little as one drop of black blood in their heritage is consider "black". One Drop Rule
Who is the African American TV hostess who is considered the greatest black philanthropist in American History? She is also considered the most influential woman in the world . Oprah Winfrey
What is the belief that one race is superior to another? Racism
Who was the first black to receive a Nobel Peace Prize in 1950 for his work to mediate conflict in Palestine? Ralph J. Bunche
Who is baseball's all-time leader in stolen bases? Rickey Henderson
Who is Robert L. Johnson? The founder of BET and the first black billionaire.
Who is Ronald McNair? The first African American to die in spaceflight in 1986
What is the name of the violent, racially motivated conflict that took place the first week of January 1923? The town of Rosewood, Florida disappeared off of the map. Rosewood Massacre
The first black community to receive reparations payments for the destruction of property and murder of its citizens. Rosewood, Florida
Who is Shirley Chisholm? The first black woman elected to Congress. She is also the first woman to run for U.S. President.
Who is Sidney Poitier? The first African American to win a Best Actor Oscar for Lillies of the Field, 1963.
A nonviolent protest in which a person sits and refuses to leave. sit-in
Who is Sojourner Truth? First black woman with a bust (statue) in U.S. Capitol
What is the name of the Historically Black College and University for females based in Atlanta, GA? Spelman College
What is the annual award given by NAACP for outstanding achievement by an African American? The Spingarn Medal
Who is Susan McKinney? The first African American female doctor in New York. She is the third African American female doctor in the nation.
Who is the first African American justice of the US Supreme Court? Thurgood Marshall
Who is the youngest and first African American to win the Masters golf tournament? Tiger Woods
Who is the first African American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature? Toni Morrison
What is the name for the all black Airborne unit of the U.S. Army during World War II? Triple Nickle
The first all black military pilots in the United States were named __________________________. Tuskegee Airmen
Who is the first African American to win Miss American in 1983? Vanessa Williams
Who is W.E.B. DuBois? First African American to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard University.
Who is a black entrepreneur who founded "Famous Amos" chocolate chip cookies? Wallace "Wally" Amos
Who is Wilma Rudolph? The first African American female to win three gold medals in a single Olympic game
Who is Wilt Chamberlain? The only NBA player to score 100 points in a single game.
Created by: npough