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Pharmacology - Review

Define Drug chemical substance that affects the mind/body. Used in diagnosis treatment, or prevention of disease.
Differentiate between prescription repeats and prescription renewals. Repeat is a continuation of a long-term medication. A renewal is an extension of prescriptions that have run out.
Describe sustained release. Cause a delay in the active absorption of the medication.
What can drugs be classified by? Function, Effects, Body System
Name and describe the different effects of drugs. Therapeutic action (the purpose for giving the drug), Side Effect/Adverse Effects (every drug has potential side effects), Allergies (a serious reaction to a drug).
Name and describe the classifications of drugs by scope of action. Local (when the drug affects the site of application only), Systemic (circulate in the blood stream), Cumulative (accumulates faster than it can be metabolized).
Name and describe the classifications of drugs by use. Therapeutic-to relieve symptoms; Diagnostic-used to perform diagnostic tests; Curative drugs-given to over come a disease, infection or other conditions; Replacement drugs-to "replace" a hormone; Prophylatic-to prevent a condition or decrease the severity
What are the 4 names that can be given to a single drug? chemical, generic, trade, botanical
What are the 2 methods of dispensing drugs? prescription and over-the-counter (OTC)
What is entericcoated? allows pills to bypass the stomach
What is a pharmacists? a health professional who is trained in preparing and dispensing drugs
What is pharmacology? the study/description of drugs, their composition, actions and effects. A biological science.
What is a pharmacy? a licensed business involved in dispensing drugs
when are drug errors more likely made? when taken over the phone, and transcription
Created by: deyoht_kwa