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Orange Module

Orange Module Pharmacy Review

Define drug. -chemical substance that affects the mind/body -used to diagnosis, treatment or prevention of disease -illegal substances
Differentiate between prescription repeats and prescription renewals. Repeats-A continuation of long-term medications Renewals-Extension of prescriptions that have run out
Describe sustained release. Cause a delay in the active absorption of the medication.
What can drugs be classified by? Function, effect and body system.
Name and describe the different effects of drugs. Therapeutic action-the purpose for giving the drug, Side effects/adverse effects-every drug has potential side effects, Allergies-a serious reaction to a drug.
Name and describe the classifications of drugs by scope of action. Local-when the drug affects the site of application only, Systemic-circulate in the bloodstream, Cumulative-accumulates faster than it can be metabolized.
Name and describe the classifications of drugs by use. Therapeutic-to relieve symptoms, Diagnostic-to perform diagnostic test (enema), Curative drugs-to overcome a disease, infection or other conditions, Replacement drugs-to "replace" a hormone, Prophylactic-to prevent a condition or decrease the severity.
What are the four names that can be given to a single drug? Chemical, generic, trade, botanical.
What are the two methods of dispensing drugs? Prescription, over-the-counter.
What is enteric-coated? Allows pills to bypass the stomach.
What is a pharmacist? A health professional who is trained in preparing and dispensing drugs.
What is pharmacology? The study/description of drugs, their composition, actions and effects, A biological science.
What is a pharmacy? A licensed business involved in dispensing drugs.
When are drug errors more likely made? When taken over the phone, transcription.
synergism A combination of two drugs that causes an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug given alone.
inhalation Administration of drugs in gaseous or vapour form through the nose or mouth.
antidote Agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug.
stimulant Agent that excites and promotes activity.
antihypertensive Agent that lowers blood pressure.
hypnotic Agent that produces sleep.
iatrogenic An effect that is produced as an individual's sensitivity to a drug.
side effect An effect that routinely results from the use of a drug.
parenteral By injection or intravenous administration.
antibiotic Chemical substance that inhibits or kills foreign organisms.
systemic Circulating through the bloodstream to produce a general effect on the body.
brand name Commercial name for a drug; trade name.
tolerance Drug action in which larger and larger doses must be given to achieve the desired effect.
antihistamine Drug that blocks the action of natural histamines in the body and relieves allergy symptoms.
antidepressant Drug that is used to relieve symptoms of depression.
anticonvulsant Drug that prevents convulsions.
emetic Drug that promotes vomiting.
antidiarrheal Drug used to prevent diarrhea.
antiarrhythmic Drug which helps restore heart rhythm to a regular cycle.
antacid Drug which neutralizes acid in the stomach.
anesthetic Drug which reduces or eliminates sensation.
analgesic Drug which relieves pain.
topical Drugs applied on the skin or mucous membranes.
controlled drugs Drugs defined by federal law to which special rules apply because they are liable to be abused.
oral Drugs taken by mouth.
sublingual Drugs taken under the tongue.
rectal Drugs inserted via the anus into the rectum.
contraindications Factors in a patient's condition that prevent the use of a drug treatment.
narcotic Habit-forming drug that relieves pain.
toxicity Harmful effects of a drug.
anaphylaxis Hypersensitive reaction of the body to a drug or foreign organism.
syringe Instrument for introducing fluids to or withdrawing fluids from the body.
sedative Mildly hypnotic drug that relaxes, without necessarily producing sleep.
transport Movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells.
fixed oils Oils, extracted primarily from plants, that do not evaporate.
volatile oils Oils, extracted primarily from plants, that evaporate.
aerosols Particles of medication suspended in air.
ophthalmic Relating to the eye.
vitamin Substances found in foods which are essential for life.
receptor Target substance with which a drug interacts in the body.
cumulative action The concentration of a drug may increase with each dose, due to the half-life of previous doses.
absorption The process by which a medication is taken into the body, broken down and transformed into a form that the body can use.
distribution The process by which metabolites are transported to various parts of the body.
metabolism The process of breaking down a drug or other substances into metabolites used by the body.
half-life The time required by the body to metabolize half the amount of the drug ingested.
additive action The total effect that two drugs have in combination is equal to the sum of the effects of each.
otic Via the ear.
Furosemide twenty milligrams, take one table orally twice daily. Furosemide 20 mg, 1 tab. p.o. b.i.d.
Isopto-tears ten millilitres one to two drops in both eyes as required. Isopto-tears 10 mL i-ii gtts ou prn
Propanolol 40 mg qd, po, ac breakfast Propanolol 40 milligrams every day, by mouth before breakfast
Ranitidine 150 ml t.i.d. a.c. Ranitidine 150 millilitres three times a day before meals
Amoxicillin 500 milligrams take one capsule orally four times daily after meals Amoxicillan 500mg 1 cap p.o. q.i.d. p.c.
Burrosol two drops in the right ear every night for three days then one drop every other day Burrosol ii gtts a.d. qPM x 3 d, then i gtt q.o.d.
Lovastatin twenty milligrams daily taken by mouth Lovastatin 20 mg qd po
Demerol fifty milligrams daily for one month Demerol 50 mg q.d. 1/12
Peptobismol liquid one hundred twenty milligrams daily for one month Peptobismol liq. 120 mg qd x 1/12
Losec 20 mg three times a day for one week Losec twenty milligrams t.i.d. x 1/52
1/12 one month
1/52 one week
ac, a.c. before meals
ASAP as soon as possible
bid, b.i.d. twice a day
cap capsule
CPS Compendium of Pharmaceuticals and Specialities
gtt, gtt(s) drop, drops
i, ii one, two
mg milligram
mL, ml millilitre
npo, n.p.o. nothing by mouth
ODB Ontario Drug Benefit
OTC over the counter
o.u. both eyes
p.c., pc after meals
p.o. by mouth
prn as needed
q.a.m. every day before noon
Q.D., q.d. every day
q.o.d. every other day
q.p.m. every day after noon (every night)
q_h every 1, 2, 3,... hours
q.h. every hour
qid, q.i.d. four times a day
Rx prescription
S.C., SC, SQ, Subc, subq, subcut subcutaneous
SL, sl sublingual
stat, STAT immediately
ss one half
t.i.d., tid three times a day
tab tablet
Tx treatment
ung ointment
x 3 days times three days
Created by: Barbara Ross