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Ch. 9

Urinary System

Renal Failure/Kidney Failure The inability of the kidney(s) to perform their functions.
Anuria/Anuresis The complete suppression of urine formation by the kidneys.
Uremia/Uremic Poisoning A toxic condition caused by excessive amount of urea and other waste products in the bloodstream.
Acute Renal Failure (ARF) Has sudden onset and is characterized by remia. May be caused by a drop in blood volume or blood pressure due to injury or surgery.
Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) A progressive idsease that may be caused by a variety of conditions when kidney function is isufficient. A transplantation or dialysis is required.
End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD) The late stages of CRF.
Nephrotic Syndrome (NS) A general group of kidney diseases.
Edema Excessive fluid in the body tissue.
Hyperproteinuria Abnormally high concentrations of protein (albumin) in the blood.
Hypoproteinuria Abnormally low concentrations of protein (albumin) in the blood.
Nephrosis/Nephropathy Diseases of the kidney.
Diabetic Nephropathy A result of the damage to the kidney's capillary blood vessels tha's caused by long-term diabetes mellitus.
Glomerulonephritis An inflammation of the kidney involving primarily the glomeruli.
Hydronephrosis The dilationof the renal pelvis of one or both kidneys.
Nephrectasis The distention of a kidney.
Nephritis Inflammation of the kidney.
Nephroptosis/Floating Kidney Downward displacement of the kidney.
Nephropyosis Suppuration of the kidney.
Pyelitis Inflammation of the renal pelvis.
Pyelonephritis Inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidney.
Renal Colic An acute pain in the kidney area that is caused by blockage during the passage of kidney stones.
Stone/Calculus An abnormal mineral deposit.
Nephrolithiasis Disorder characterized by the presence of stones in the kidney.
Hydroureter The distention of the ureter w/urine that can't flow because the ureter is blocked.
Ureterectais The distention of a ureter.
Ureterorrhagia The discharge of blood from the ureter.
Ureterostenosis A stricture of the ureter.
Cystalgia/Cystodynia Pain in the urinary bladder.
Cysitis Inlammation of the bladder.
Interstital Cystitis Inflammation in the wall of the bladder.
Cystocele A hernia of the bladder through the vaginal wall.
Cystorrhagia Bleeding from the bladder.
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) Usually begin in the bladder. These infections occur mor frequently in the women.
Vesicovaginal Fissure An abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina.
Relux Blockage of the urethra can cause urine to back up into the ureters.
Urethralgia Pain in the urethra.
Urethritis Inflamation of the urethra.
Urethrorrhagia Bleeding from the urethra.
Urethrorrhea Abnormal discharge from the urethra.
Urethrostenosis Stricture or stenosis of the urethra.
Epispadias A congenital abnormality where the urethral opening is located on the dorsal of the penis. Or the Urethral opening is in the region of the clitoris.
Hypospadias A congenital abnormality where the urethral opening is on the undersurface of the penis. Or the urethral opening is into the vagina.
Paraspadias A congenital abnormality where the urethral opening is on one side of the penis.
Diresis The increased excretion of urine.
Dysuria Difficult or painful urination.
Enuresis The involuntary discharge of urine.
Nocturnal Enuresis/Bed-wetting Durring sleep.
Nocturia Excessive urination during the night.
Oliguria Scanty urination.
Polyuria Excessisve Urination.
Urinary Retention The Inability to void or empty the bladder.
Incontinence Inability to control ecretory functions.
Urinary Incontinence Inability to control the voiding of urine.
Urinary Stress Incontinence The inability to control the voiding of urine under physical stress.
Urge Incontinence When urination occurs involuntarily as soon as an urgent desire to urinate is felt.
Catheterization The insertion of a sterile catheter through the urethra and into the urinary bladder.
Cystoscopy Visual examination of the urinary bladder.
Intravenous Pyelogram A radiographic study of the kidneys and ureters where iodine is injected into a vein as a contras medium to define these structures more clearly.
KUB/Glat-plate of the abdomen A radiographic study of these structures without the use of a contrast medium.
Intravenous Urography The radiographic visualiation of the urinary tract w/the use of a contrast medium.
Excretory Urography Traces the action of the kidney as it processes and excretes dye injected into the bloodstream.
Retrograde Urography A radiograph of the urinary system taken after dye has been placed in the urethra through a sterile catheter and caused to flow upward through the urinary tract.
Cytography A radiographic examination of the bladder after instillation of a contrast medium via a urethral catheter.
Voiding Vystourethrography A fluoroscope is used to examine the flow of urin from the bladder and through the urethra.
Urinalysis The examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements.
Diuretics Medication given to increase urine secretion to rid the body of excess sodium and water.
Dialysis Procedure to remove waste products from the blood of patients whose kidneys don't function.
Peritoneal Dialysis The lining of the peritoneal cavity acts as the filter to remove waste from the blood.
Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) Provides ongoing dialysis as the patient goes about his daily life.
Continuous Cycling Peritoneal Dialysis (CCPD) Uses a machine to cycle the dialysis fluid during the night.
Renal Transplantation/Kidney Transplant Grafting of a donor kidney into the body to replace the recipient's kidneys.
-chrome color
glomerul/o glomeruli
pyel pelvis
-lithiasis presence of stones
vesic/o bladder
para- beside
diur/o increasing the output of urine
-pexy surgical fixation
-tripsy crush
meat/o meatus
Created by: JT Garcia