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middle east conflict

vocab + questions 15 and 16 topic

arab a member of the semitic group of the Arabain Peninsula.
enthic group people with a common racial, national, trible, religious, lingustic, or cultural back round.
fundamentalism a movment or additude often religious stressing strict literal following a basic set of principles.
islam the religious faith of muslims including the belief of allah as the only god in muhammad as his phropet .
israeli a native or inhabitant of the republic of israel.
judaism a religion developed among the hebrews and that one god has shown him self to abraham, moses, and the hewbrews phropet.
kurd member of a group of mountain people who lived in iran, iraq, syria, and turkey.
mandate a contry placed under the power/control of another power by international agreement.
muslim a follower of islam "one who surrenders to God.
ottoman empire a turkish empire that ruled over much of the middle east as well as parts of europe and africa from the 13th century untill the end of world war ll in 1918.
palestine a southwest asian region often called the holy land.
palestinian liberation organization the PLO's goal is the establishment of an independent state palestinain state in palestine.
persian people originally from central asia who had lived on the iranian plateau for 3,000 years.
sunnie the majority branch of islam {85%}. after the death of muhammad they elected a new leader from among those capable for the job.
shi'ite the minority branch of islam {15%}. they believed that after the death of muhammad the new leader should have been part of muhammad's family.
fertile rich in resources and nutrients.
hunter-gatherer a person who finds food by hunting, fish and gathering wild grains, fruit, ans nuts.
irrigation the process of bringing water to dry land.
OPEC the organization of Petroleum exporting countries, which decides the price/amount of oil made each year in iran, iraq, saudi, arabia, kuwait, venezuela, and other countries.
primary product a raw material used to manufacture other products.
secondary products a product manufactured from raw material.
petro/chemical { petro-oil} a product made from petroeum or natural gas.
why is there so little soil in the middle east??? desertifcation
were did most hunter gathers live in the middle east/ why? east coast of the mediterranean and the valleys formed by rivers. there was food thaat they could scavenge. soon they settled in places were they could grow crops.
why do somwe farmers irigate their land? they are not close to a pond/river and must bring water to keep the crops from dying.
how did the nnile, tigris, and euphrates rivers help farmers? the rivers flooded which gets the water closer to the farm crops.
why is there so much soil in the middle east? because of the creatures that dided. after a while they turned/transformerd all togather, into oil.
how did the red sea affect the development of the middle east? it shaped the climate resources, and societies of the region. the red sea is also an important trade route. its shaped both of cultures on either side of it.
what happeed to the ottoman empire after world war 1?