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Carnegie A+P Blood

A&P Blood Worksheet Review MA Fall 2014

What determines the color of blood? The amount of oxygen
Describe plasma and list it's constituents (parts). liquid portion 55%, water 92%, Proteins 7%, albumin - volume expandable, globulin - protein (gamma = immunity), coagulation proteins: prothrombin + fibrinogen
List all three types of blood cells and all of their names white blood cells (WBC) leukocytes. red blood cells (RBC) erythrocytes. platelets (thrombocytes)
What exactly is responsible for carrying O2 (oxygen)? hemoglobin - oxygen bind with pigment
Which cells perform phagocytosis? leukocytes (WBC).
List two functions of platelets. 1) release thromboplastin. 2) platelet plug.
What blood cells are formed in the red bone marrow? All - WBC, RBC, Platelets.
Which is described as the "protein pigment" which is carried in the RBC? hemoglobin
What is the normal range of WBC? 4,000 - 9,000 or 5,000 - 10,000
What is the normal range of RBC? 4.5-6 million per cubic d/L
What is the normal ranges of platelets? 150,000 - 500,000
List all plasma proteins and describe the function of each one. Albumin "volume expander" prevents water from escaping. Globulins - protein (gamma = immunity) Fibrinogen + prothrombin - coagulation proteins
What actually initiates clotting first? tissue injury
which term means to engulf bacteria? phagocytosis
What is the normal hemoglobin range? 12-16 g/dL
Which group is at the lower end of the normal hemoglobin range? Females
What normal hemoglobin is borderline? 11
What is a hemoglobin number of 10 represent? anemic
Which term means moving to an area of infection? diapedisis
Describe normal clotting sequence. as long as we have calcium (prothrombin activator) thromboplastin converts prothrombin into thrombin which converts fibrinogen into fibrin (needs calcium to do this)
Which organ converts bilirubin into bile? Liver
What element is necessary for Hgb formation? Iron
Which organ forms bilirubin from waste products of old RBC destruction? Spleen
Which element plays a major role in the clotting mechanism? Calcium
Review life cycle (development of) RBC. minor decrease in oxygen and the kidney secretes erythropoiten which goes to red bone marrow causing it to form RBC, 1st erythroblast - has nucleus, rbc live 3-4 months - as they try to fit through capillaries macrophages absorb old waste
What do we need bile for? fat digestion.
Define diapedesis. the process of a WBC moving from a capillary wall to infected area which makes it white
Created by: ma2b