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Chapter 21 H

Habsburg Dynasty The family that controlled the Holy Roman Empire after the 13th century; based on Vienna, they ruled Austria until 1918.
Principality of Kiev The first Russian state; flourished from c.800 to 1240, when it fell to Mongols.
Secularism The rejection of supernatural religion as the arbiter of earthly action; emphasis on worldly and humanistic affairs. (less religious)
Utopia No where; a Greek term used to denote an ideal place or society
Humanism movement of the Renaissance that stressed individualism
Renaissance The social, artistic, cultural "rebirth" that arose in Europe in the 14th century
Third Rome A Russian myth that Moscow was ordained to succeed Rome and Constantinople as the center of true Christianity.
Wars of the Roses An English Civil War between noble factions over the succession of the throne in the 15th century.
The Ren. in northern Europe differed from the that of Italy by being... less secular
New element in Ren.city state politics was the concept of a secular state that existed independently of both ruler and ruled
Titan and Van Eyck were both Ren. ... artists
papal/papacy pope
Oligarchies a small group of wealthy aristocrats, headed by prince, huge gaps between rulers and the people.
Individualism wealthy wanted to separate the masses
dogma belief system
Legitimacy Royalty had the right to rule and the right to exist
Sovereignity States are equal to each others the estate was the authority
Territory the state controls the land and everything in it
France recovered quickly from hundred years war Charles VII created first truly Royal army Louis XI (son)
Magna Carta (England) great charter: contract : to strengthen parliament
Holy Roman Empire (Germany) no centralized government. no bureaucracy, royal army, national parliament or power to tax in his subjects.
Renaissance art was experimental
Frescos paintings done on wet plaster
Michelangelo created the David
Da Vinci Mona Lisa
Machiavelli long term impact on the Renaissance , wrote The Prince
Created by: 100000795611630