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Gov Midterm

Harvard Comparative Government midterm

A set of permanent, legal administrations with a monopoly. It is a set of laws and those who enforce it, example: Judicial, Bureaucracy etc. which may come from a national constitution. This only changes when there is a civil war etc. State
a set of institution that changes in elections (democracy) for example: monarchy, communism, military dictatorships are all political systems Regime
The people in power at the time of the regime (regime and government usually change at the same time such as having an elected official make a monarchy. Government
methods of comparison: method of difference allows us to look at two countries which are similar and that have different outcomes, or method of agreement which is two countries that are different but have similar outcomes in terms of development etc. Independent and dependent variables
claims that protestant wealth can be explained by protestant ideals on wealth: making money (hard work for your whole life) and saving money (frugality) as much of it as you can all in the name of glorifying god which would be your salvation from pre-dest Weber’s Cultural Theory: Capitalism, Individualism
the belief that there is one path to development which is the economic and follows one very much like the development of the USA and Britain, this was a result of many countries becoming independent after WWII and looking to develop, it is the transition Modernization Theory
Is religious and has a belief in magic, rural, uneducated, is group oriented (isolated or insular), makes only enough money and food in the farm to sustain his family, closed minded (especially if they do not have access to information about other areas), “Traditional Man”
Is scientific (looks more at logic than what has happened before), educated, secular, urban and individualistic (each man for himself), universal to information and democratic “Modern Man”
Countries that are not near each other, cannot compare with each other in terms of develop example of France and Spain not demanding much of their governments in terms of economic develop. Britain has a slow development because there was little demand in International Demonstration Effect
Refers to countries that are developing in the 2nd wave. When late developers face different benefits and constructs: they are more likely to follow a different path to industrialization (state-led) because they see other’s already industrialized, creatin Relative backwardness
Market led industrialization allows capitalism (classical liberalism); it’s a slow development of working merchants, improving the economy with their own goods. They let the economy decide demand, what to buy, what to sell, and how much. Government plays Market-led vs. state-led industrialization
Comparative advantage which talks about how the periphery can provide resources at cheap prices in order to industrialize is rejected by dependency theorist that talk about these 3 elements. The Core is made of the industrialized countries (USA, Europe), Core, periphery, and semi-periphery
Crude Dependency Theory (Gunder Frank): periphery countries should not develop at all if they are in the international market. The core has a history of colonization in the periphery. Frank argues that over time, even with comparative advantage, price of Unequal exchange/declining terms of trade
There is a chance for the periphery to develop but not into the core. They can be invested in with foreign capital, relying on foreign investment which poses the risk of losing profits from abroad or being controlled by another country. There is greater i Dependent development/Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Created by: Wisnodew