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White Module

White Module Female Reproductive Review

Describe ovulation. Ovum ripens, mature follicle ruptures, release ovum, hormone levels are high
Describe the ovulatory phase. Days 6-14, endometrium thickens, estrogen levels rise, ova matures, ovulation occurs
Name and describe the 3 parts of the uterus. Fundus- upper rounded part, Body- the central portion Cervix- opens to the vagina
Name and describe the 3 stages of labour and childbirth. Dilation-begins with uterine contractions. Expulsion- complete cervical dilation to birth of baby. Placental stage- placenta is discharged from the uterus.
What are the external genitalia of the female reproductive system? labia, clitoris, Bartholin glands, mons pubis
What are the functions of estrogen and progesterone? influence the menstrual cycle and menopause, prepare uterus for implantation, help maintain pregnancy, promote growth of placenta, develop secondary sex characteristics
What are the internal organs of the female reproductive system? ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina
What is an embryo? What is a fetus? embryo-0-3 months, fetus-3 months to time of birth
What is dysmenorrhea? menstrual pain and tension
What is endometriosis? The presence of functional endometrial tissue in areas outside the uterus.
What is menarche? beginning of menstruation.
What is menorrhagia? Profuse or prolonged bleeding during regular menstruation.
What is metrorrhagia? Irregular uterine bleeding between menstrual periods.
What is PID? inflammation of pelvic structures
What type of infection is candidiasis? yeast infection
When is menopause diagnosed? amenorrhea for 1 year.
Where are Bartholin glands located? outside the vagina
Where does fertilization take place? fallopian tubes
What are the 3 phases of the menstrual cycle? menstrual, ovulatory, post ovulatory
ovaries Almond-shaped glands.
uterine fibroids Benign uterine tumors.
pregnancy Condition in which a fertilized ovum develops in the uterus.
Papanicolaou (Pap) test Detects abnormal cells in the cervix and vagina.
conization Excision of a cone-shaped pieces of tissue.
lumpectomy Excision of a small primary breast tumor.
mastectomy Excision of the entire breast.
pseudocyesis False pregnancy.
galactorrhea Flow of milk.
cryosurgery Freezing tissue to destroy cells.
sterility Inability to become pregnant.
oxytocics Increases strength and frequency of contractions.
cervicitis Inflammation of the cervix.
vaginitis Inflammation of the vagina.
gestation Length of time from conception to birth.
choriocarcinoma Malignant neoplasm of the uterus.
pelvimetry Measurement of the pelvis.
eclampsia Most serious form of toxemia.
os Mouth or opening.
vagina Muscular tube from the cervix to the outside of the body.
gynecologist One who specializes in the study of the female.
uterus Organ that contains and nourishes the embryo from the time of fertilization until birth.
dyspareunia Pain during sexual intercourse.
placenta previa Placenta is attached near the cervix.
abruptio placentae Premature separation of the placenta.
tubal ligation Procedure that ties the fallopian tubes.
lactation Production of milk.
mammography Radiographic exam of the breasts.
hysterosalpingography (HSG) Radiography of the uterus and uterine tubes.
pruritus vulvae Severe itching of the female genitalia.
colpocleisis Surgical closure of the vagina.
mammoplasty Surgical reconstruction of the breasts.
colporrhaphy Suture of the vagina.
cerclage Suturing of the cervix.
prostaglandins Terminate pregnancy.
abortion Termination of pregnancy.
menopause The end of menstruation for the remainder of a woman's life.
estrogens Treat symptoms of menopause through HRT.
antifungals Treat vaginal yeast infections.
laparoscopy Visual exam of the abdominal cavity.
colposcopy Visual exam of the vagina and cervix.
leukorrhea White vaginal discharge.
nullipara Woman who has never produced a viable offspring.
AB ABortion, antibody
BSE Breast Self Exam
CA CAncer, Chronological Age, Cardiac Arrest
CS, C-section Cesarean Section
CVS Chorionic Villus Sampling., CardioVascular System
CWP Childbirth Without Pain
D&C Dilation & Curettage
DUB Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
FECG, FEKG Fetal ElectroCardioGram
FHR Fetal Heart Rate
FHT Fetal Heart Tone
FSH Follicle Stimulating Hormone
FTND Full-Term Normal Delivery
G Gravida
GYN GYNecology
HCG Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
HRT Hormone Replacement Therapy
HSG HysteroSalpingoGraphy
IUD IntraUterine Device
IUGR IntraUterine Growth Rate / Retardation
IVF In Vitro Fertilization
IVF-ET In Vitro Fertilization & Embryo Transfer
LBR Live Birth Rates
LH Luteinizing Hormone
LMP Last Menstrual Period
LSO Left Salpingo-Oophorectomy
OB OBstetrics
OCP's Oral Contraceptive Pills
Pap Papani colaou test
Para 1...,2...,3... unipara, bipara, tripara etc
PID Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
PIH Pregnancy Induced Hypertension
PMS Pre Menstrual Syndrome
sono sonogram
STD Sexually Transmitted Disease
TAH Total Abdominal Hysterectomy
TRAM Transverse Rectus Abdominis Muscle
TVH Total Vaginal Hysterectomy
UC Uterine Contractions
US UltraSound
Created by: Barbara Ross