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Female Reproductive-Reverse Defs

hymen a fold partially or completely covering the vaginal opening
obstetrician a physician who specializes in dealing with pregnancy, labour and puerperium
nullipara a woman who has never produced a viable offspring
therapeutic abortion (TA) abortion induced legally for medical or other reasons
ovaries almond-shaped glands located in the pelvic cavity which produce the ovum and various hormones
uterine fibroids benign tumours composed of muscle and fibrous tissue that develop in the uterus; also called leiomyomas, myomas, or fibroids
reduction mammography breast reduction to reduce the size of a large, pendulous breast
menorrhagia bursting forth of menses
spermicides chemically destroy sperm by creating a highly acidic environment in the uterus
breech presentation common abnormality of delivery in which the fetal buttons or feet present first rather than the head
tissue (skin) expansion common breast reconstruction technique in which a balloon expander is inserted beneath the skin and chest muscle, saline solution is gradually injected to increase size, and the expander is then replaced with a more permanent implant
pregnancy condition in which a fertilized ovum develops in the uterus
atresia congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening, such as the vagina
reconstructive breast surgery creation of a breast-shaped mound to replace a breast that has been removed due to cancer or other disease
papanicolaou (PAP) test cytological study used to detect abnormal cells sloughed from the cervix and vagina, usually obtained during routine pelvic examination
insufflation delivery of pressurized air or gas into a cavity, chamber, or organ to allow visual examination, remove an obstruction, or apply medication
conization excision of a cone-shaped piece of tissue, such as mucosa of the cervix, for histological examination
lumpectomy excision of a small primary breast tumour and some of the normal tissue that surrounds it
mastectomy excision of the entire breast
radical mastectomy excision of the entire breast all underarm lymph nodes, and chest wall muscles under the breast
modified radical mastectomy excision of the entire breast, including the lymph nodes in the underarm
total (simple) mastectomy excision of the entire breast, nipple, areola, and the involved overlying skin; also called simple mastectomy
hymenectomy excision of the hymen
hysterectomy excision of the uterus
vulvectomy excision of the vulva
pseudocyesis false pregnancy
galactorrhea flow of milk
down syndrome genetic condition in which a person has 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46 and occurs when there is an extra copy of chromosome 21, which causes delays in the way a child develops mentally and physically; also called trisomy 21
total hysterectomy hysterectomy where the cervix is removed but the ovaries and fallopian tubes remain; also called complete hysterectomy
subtotal hysterectomy hysterectomy where the cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes remain
sterility inability of the female to become pregnant or the male to impregnate the female
cesarean section incision of the abdomen and uterus to remove the fetus; also called c-section
hydrocephalus increased accumulation of the cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain
oxytocic's induce labour at term by increasing the strength and frequency of uterine contractions
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
cervicitis inflammation of the cervix
endocervicitis inflammation of the mucous lining of the cervix uteri
oophoritis inflammation of an ovary
vaginitis inflammation of the vagina
augmentation insertion of a breast prosthesis beneath the skin or beneath the pectoralis major muscle
gestation length of time from conception to birth
choriocarcinoma alignant neoplasm of the uterus or at the site of an ectopic pregnancy
dysmenorrhea menstrual pain
pelimetry measurement of pelvic dimensions to determine whether the head of the fetus will be able to pass through the bony pelvis to allow delivery
eclampsia most serious form of toxemia during pregnancy
os opening or mouth
orifice mouth; entrance or outlet of any anatomical structure
vagina muscular tube extending from the cervix to the exterior of the body
placenta previa obstetric complication in which the placenta is attached close to or covers the cervical canal that results in bleeding during labour when the cervix dilates
dyspareunia occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse
gynecologist one who specializes in the study of the female
uterus organ that contains and nourishes the embryo from the time of fertilization until birth
natal pertaining to birth
labial pertaining to the lip
ectopic pregnancy pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum does not reach the uterine cavity but becomes implanted on any tissue other than the lining of the uterine cavity, such as a fallopian tube, an ovary, the abdomen, or even the cervix uteri
abruptio placentae premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall before the third stage of labour; also called placental abruption
tubal ligation procedure that ties the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy
cryosurgery process of freezing tissue to destroy cells; also called cryocautery
location production and release of milk by mammary glands
mammography radiographic examination of the breast to screen for breast cancer
(HSG) hysterosalpingography radiography and usually, fluoroscopy of the uterus and uterine tubes following injection of a contrast medium
mammary relating to the breast
endometrial biopsy removal of a sample of uterine endometrium for microscopic study
cordcentesis sampling of fetal blood drawn from the umbilical vein and performed under ultrasound guidance
(CVS) chorionic villus sampling sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects
kernicterus serous condition involving mental retardation, jaundice and brain damage
pruritis vulvae severe itching of the external female genitalia
external genitalia sex, or reproductive, organs visible on the outside of the body; also called genitals
(IUD) intrauterine device small, t-shaped device inserted by a physician inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy
colpocleisis surgical closure of the vaginal canal
tranverse rectus abdominis muscle (TRAM) flap surgical creation of a skin flap using skin and fat from the lower half of the abdomen which is passed under the skin to the breast area, and then shaping abdominal tissue into a natural looking breast and suturing it into place
mammoplasty surgical reconstruction of the breast(s) to change the size, shape or position
colorrhaphy suture of the vagina
cerclage suturing of the cervix to prevent it from dilating prematurely during pregnancy, thus decreasing the chance of a spontaneous abortion
oral contraceptives synthetic hormones used to prevent pregnancy and treat menstral disorders
prostaglandins terminate pregnancy
abortion termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is capable of surviving outside
tubal insufflation test for patency of the uterine tubes made by transuterine insufflations with carbon dioxide; also called Rubin test
menopause the end of menstration for the remainder of a woman's life
total plus bilateral salpingo oophroectomy total (complete) hysterectomy, including removal of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, and ovaries
amniocentesis transabdominal puncture of the amniotic sac under ultrasound guidance using a needle and syringe to remove amniotic fluid
estrogens treat symptoms of menopause through hormone replacement therapy
antifungals treat vaginal yeast infection by altering the yeast cell membrane or interfering with a metabolic process
retroversion turning or state of being turned back, especially an entire organ, such as the uterus, being tipped from its normal position
transvaginal ultrasound (US) US of the pelvic area performed with a probe inserted into the vagina, which provides sharper images of pathological and normal structures within the pelvis
(US) ultrasonography use of high-frequency sound waves directed at soft tissue and reflected as "echoes" to produce an image on monitor of internal body structure; also called ultrasound, sonograpy, and echo
laparoscopy visual examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope through one or more small incisions in the abdominal wall, usually at the umbilicus
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina and cervix with an optical magnifying instrument
leukorrhea white vaginal discharge
D&C, dilations and curettage widening of the cervical canal with a dilator and scraping the uterine endometrium with a curette
intrauterine within the uterus
Created by: deyoht_kwa