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Emergency Care 12th

Chap 5 Medical terminology & Anatomy & Physiology

Cardi: word part and meaning root, heart
Neur: word part and meaning root, nerve
Nas: word part and meaning root, nose/nassal
Or: word part and meaning root, mouth/oral
Hyper: Worde part and meaning prefix, above normal or high
Hypo: Word part and meaning prefix, below normal or low
Tachy: word part and meaning Prefix, above normal or rapid
Brady: Word part and meaning Prefix, below normal or slow
-ac: word part and meaning Suffix, pertaining to
-ology: word part or meaning Sufix, study of
-al: word part and meaning Suffix, pertaning to
-ist: word part and meaning sufix, one who specializes in
Anatomy the study of body structure
physiology the study of body function
Atomical postion the body is standing facing forward with palms facing outward
plane a flat surface formed when slicing through a solid object
midline an imaginary line drawn down the center of the body dividing into left and right halves
medial is the middle of the midline
bilateral both sides
mid-axillary line a line drawn vertically from the middle of the arm pit to the ankle
anterior the front of the body part
posterior the back of the body part
ventral referring to the front of the body a synonym for anterior
dorsal referring to the back of the body or the back of the hand or foot. Synonym for posterior.
Superior towards the head...the top.. something like the head is superior to the chest.
inferior Away from the head towards the bottom the lips are inferior to the nose
proximal closer to the torso
distal farther away from the torso
torso the trunk of the body.. the part of the body that is left when you remove the head and the extremities
palmar referring to the palm of the hand
plantar referring to the sole of the foot
mid clavicular line the line through the center of each clavicle
abdominal quadrants four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location of a pain or injury.
What are the four quadrants? RUQ or the right upper quadrant LUQ the left upper quadrant RLQ right lower quadrant LLQ and the left lower quadrant
Supine lying on the back
prone lying face down
recovery postion lying on the side. Also called lateral recumbent position
Fowler postion a sitting position
Lateral recumbent laying on the side
trendelenburg position a position in which the patient's feet and legs are higher than the head
thyroid cartilage or adams apple the wing shaped plate of cartilage that sets anterior to the larynx and forms the adams apple.
musculoskeletal system the system of bones and skeletal muscles that support and protect the body and permit movement
skeleton the bone of the body
muscle the tissue that can contract to allow movement of a body part
ligament tissue that connects bone to bone
tendon tissue that connect muscle to bone
what makes up the musculoskeletal system? bones joints muscles
What make sup the respiratory system? nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchioles, lungs
what makes up the cardiovascular system? heart, arteries, veins
what makes up the blood system? plasma, white blood cells, red blood cells, platlets
What makes up the nervous system? brain, spinal cord, nerves
What makes up the digestive system? oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine or colon, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
What makes up the integumentary skin, hair, nails, sweat glands
What makes up the endocrine system plutaratory gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, the thymus gland, adrenal glands, pancreas, testis, ovaries
What makes up the renal or the urinary system? kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
What makes up the male reproductive system? testis, epididymis, vas deferens, penis, seminal vesicles, prostate gland
What makes up the female reproductive system? Ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, breast
What is the functions of the musculoskeletal system? skeleton supports and protects the body, forms blood cells, and stores minerals. Muscles produce movment
What is the function of the respiratory system obtains oxygen and remove carbon dioxide from the body
What is the function of the cardiovascular system? pumps blood throughout the interior body to transport nutrients, oxygen and waste.
What is the function of the blood system? transports oxygen, protects against pathogens, and promotes clotting to control bleeding.
What is the function of the nervous system? receives sensory information and coordinates the body's response.
What is the function of the digestive system? ingest, digest, and absorbs nutrients for the body.
What is the function of the integumentary system? forms protective barrier and aids in temperature regulations.
What is the function of the endocrine system? regulates metabolic/hormonal activity in the body.
What is the function of the renal urinary system? filters waste products out of the blood and remove them from the body.
What is the function of the male reproductive system? produces sperm for reproduction
What is the function of the female reproductive system? to produce eggs for reproduction and provides place for a growing baby.
Skull the bony structure of the head
cranium the top back and side of the skull
the mandible the lower jaw bone
maxillae the two fused bones forming the upper jaw
nasal bones the nose bones
orbits the bony structures around the eyes and eye sockets
zygomatic arches bones that form the structure of the cheeks
vertebrae 33 bone of the spinal column
thorax the chest
sternum the breast bone
manubrium the superior portion of the sternum
xiphoid process the inferior portion of the sternum
pelvis the basin-shaped bony structure that supports the spine and is the point of proximal attachment for the lower extremities
ilium the superior and widest portion of the pelvis
ischium the lower, posterior portions of the pelvis
pubis the medial anterior portion of the pelvis
acetabulum the pelvic socket into which the ball at the proximal end of the femur fits to form the hip joint.
femur the large bone of the thigh
patella knee cap
tibia the medial and larger bone of the lower leg (shin)
fibula the lateral and the smaller bone of the lower leg
malleolus protrusion on the side of the ankles.
Tarsals ankle bones
metatarsals the foot bones
phlangles finger bones and toe bones
calcaneus heel bone
clavicle collar bone
scapula shoulder blade
acromion process the highest portion of the shoulder
acromioclavicular joint the joint where the acromion and the clavicle meet
humerus the bone of the upper arm between the shoulder and the ableo
radius the lateral bone of the foearm
ulna the medial bone of the forearm
carpals the wrist bones
metacarpals the hand bones
CPAP (see-pap) Continuous positive airway pressure
What doe sit mean when you add the letter "A" to any medical term? Without
Systole beating of the heart
Asystole no heart beat
Megaly enlarged
hepto liver
Where do white blood cells come from? the spleen
osis condition of
Cyte Cell
leukocyte white cell
leuko white
orbit opening through the skull where the eye is found
periorbital around the eye
What is in the right upper quadrant (RUQ) Liver, colon, right kidney, pancreas, gallbladder
What is in the left upper quadrant (LUQ) Liver, spleen, Left kidney, stomach, colon, pancreas
What is in the Right lower quadrant (RLQ) Right kidney, colon, small intestines, major artery and vein to the right leg, ureter, appendix
What is in the left lower quadrant (LLQ) left kidney, colon, small intestines, major artery and vein of the left leg, ureter
What color is your face when you BP is up RED
What color is your face when you Bp s low? paile
How many bones are in the human body? 206
fantails soft spot on baby
how many vertebrae do we have? 33
How many section of vertebrae are there? 5
How many vertebrae are in the cervical (neck)? 7
How many vertebrae are in the thoracic (thorax, ribs, upper back)? 12
How many vertebrae are in the lumbar (lower back) 5
How many vertebrae are in the sacral (back wall of pelvis)? 5
How many vertebrae are in the coccyx (tailbone) 4
Which lung is bigger the left or right side? right side
How many lobes are in the left side of the lung? 2
How many lobes are in the right side of the lung? 3
Where doe steh hear sit? under the sternum towards the left side.
Patella knee cap
What are 2 major types of joints? ball and socket joint and hinge joint
What are three types of muscle? Voluntary, involuntary, and cardiac
What are voluntary (skeletal) muscles? they move when you want them to move.
What are involuntary (smooth) muscles? they move without thought or with out telling them to.
Why do we breath? to rid our bodies of carbon dioxide
Crina Cough stimulant
cilia little hairs in the trachea
how much oxygen do we inhale? 21%
How much oxygen do we exhale? 16%
How much oxygen do we use? 5%
How many times longer doe sit take to inhale then to exhale? 3 to 4 times longer
Ventilator moving gases to and from alveoli
respiration exchange of gases between cells and blood stream
4 chambers of the heart are? right atrium, left atrium, right ventricle, left ventricle
What is textbook perfect blood pressure? 120/80
** Will for sure be on the test** What is the largest strongest chamber of the heart Left ventricle
What is the atrioventricular (AV node) known as? the pacemaker of the heart
What are the components of blood? Plasma (saltwater), red blood cells, white blood cells, platlets
What do red blood cells known as? dump trucks
what is another name for white blood cells? erythrocytes
What do white blood cells do? Fight off infection
What do platelets do? clotting
What percent of sodium chloride (NaCL) is in your plasma? 0.9%
joint the point where two bones come together
automaticity specialized involuntary muscles found only in the heat.
respiratory system the system of the nose mouth throat lungs and muscles that brings oxygen into the body and expels carbon dioxide
oropharynx the are directly posterior (behind) to the mouth.
nasopharynx the are directly posterior to the nose.
pharynx the area posterior to the mouth and nose. It is made up of the oropharynx and the nasopharynx.
epiglottis a leaf shaped structure that prevents food and foreign matter from entering the trachea
larynx the voice box
cricoid the ring shaped structure that forms the lower portion of the larynx
Trachea the wind pipe
Bronchi the two large sets of branches that come off the trachea (windpipe) and enter the lungs
alveoli the microscopic sacs of the lungs where gas exchange with bloodstream takes place
vena cavae the superior vena cava and the inferior vena cava. these two major veins return blood from the body to the right atrium.
What is the largest artery in the body? Aorta
Valve a structure that opens and closes to permit the flow of a fluid in only one direction
Cardiac conduction system a system of muscle tissue that conducts electrical impulses that stimulate the heart to beat
artery any blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart
coronary arteries blood vessels that supply the muscles of the heart
pulmonary arteries the vessels that carry deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs
carodit artieres the large neck arteries on either side of the neck
Femoral artery the manager artery supplying the leg.
brachial artery artery of the upper arm the site of the pulse checked during infant CPR
Posterior tibial artery artery supplying the foot, behind the medial ankle
dorsalis pedis artery artery supplying the foot, lateral to the large tendon of the big toe
arteriole the smallest kind of artery
capillary a thin walled microscopic blood vessel where the oxygen/carbon dioxide and nutrient/waste exchange with the body's cells takes place.
venule the smallest vein
vein any blood vessel returning blood to the heart
pulmonary veins the vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart
Name the peripheral pulses: radial, brachial, posterior tibial, and dorsalis pedis
Name the central pulses: carotid and femoral pulses
systolic blood pressure the pressure created in the arteries when the left ventricle contracts and forces blood out in to circulation
diastolic blood pressure the pressure in the arteries when the left ventricle is refiling.
perfusion the supply of oxygen and the removal of waste from the cells and tissues of the body as a result of the flow of blood through the capillaries
CNS = central nervous system is made up of what? brain and spinal cord
PNS = peripheral nervous system is made up of what? the nerves that enter and leave the spinal cord and travel between the brain and the organs without passing through the spinal cord.
What is the largest organ in the body the liver
Gallbladder stores bile produced by liver
pancreas produces insulin and juices that assist in digestion
spleen acts as a blood filtration system
Subcutaneous layers the layers of fat and soft tissue found below the dermis (the second layer of the skin rich in blood vessels and nerves)
endocrine system system of glands that produce chemicals, called hormones, that help to regulate many body activities and functions.
insulin a hormone produced by the pancreas or taken as a medication by many diabetics
epinephrine a hormone produced by the body as a medication, it dilates respiratory passages and is used to relieve sever allergic reactions.
renal system the body system that regulates fluid balance and the filtration of blood, also called the urinary system.
kidneys organs of the renal system used to filter blood and regulate fluid levels in the body
blader the round sack like organ of the renal system used as a reservoir for urine.
ureters the tubes connecting the kidneys to the bladder
urethra tube connecting the blader to the vigina or the penis for excretion of urien
reproductive system the body's system the is responsible for human production
testis the male organ of reproduction used for production of sperm
Created by: LacyJay87