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White Module

White Module Review - Urinary and Male Reproduction

Describe clean midstream urine. aka: clean catch urine, sterile container, used for C & S, special instructions, must refrigerate after 20 minute.
Describe early morning specimen. more uniform volume and concentration, lower pH preserves formed elements, diagnose and monitor pregnancies
Describe the ureters. merge from the renal pelvis, long slender tubes 10-12 inches, carries urine the kidneys to the bladder
Describe timed urine collection. 24 hour collection of urine, quantitative test, provides info about cumulative elements
What are the functions of the nephron? filteration reabsorption secretion
What are the macroscopic structure of the urinary system? 2 kidneys, 2 ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
What are the two types of ATN? ischemic (acute tubular necrosis) nephrotoxic (acute tubular necrosis)
What carries blood to the glomerulus? What carries blood away from the glomerulus? afferent arteriole (to) efferent arteriole (away)
What does the renal tubule consist of? proximal convoluted tubule, Loop of Henle, distal tubule, collecting tubule
What forms the ejaculatory duct? seminal vesicle and vas deferens
What is BPH? (benign prostatic hyperplasia) enlargement of the prostate gland
What is ESWL? (extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy) calculi are pulverized using shock-waves from a machine outside the body
What is the function of the prostate gland? it secretes a thin, alkaline substance that protects the sperm of acidity in the urethra and vagina
Where are the kidneys located? abdominopelvic cavity, retroperitoneal
Where is sperm produced? seminiferous tubules
epididymis A single, tightly coiled tube above each testis that stores sperm.
nephrotomography A study in which several planes of the kidney are visualized.
bladder An expandable hollow organ; temporary reservoir for urine.
hematuria Blood in the urine.
prostate-specific antigen (PSA) Blood test used to detect prostatic disorders.
renal artery Carries waste laden blood to the tubules.
calculi Commonly called stones; composed of mineral salts.
blood urea nitrogen (BUN) Determines the amount of nitrogen in blood that comes from urea.
culture and sensitivity (C&S) Determines the causative organism of an infection and identifies how the organism responds to various antibiotics.
urinary system Eliminates harmful products in the blood and filters them through urination.
gynecomastia Enlargement of breast tissue in the male.
cryptorchidism Failure of the testes to descend into the scrotal sac prior to birth.
nephrons Filtering units located in the kidney tissue.
kidneys Fist-sized organs in the abdominal cavity.
nephropexy Fixation of a floating or mobile kidney.
impotence Inability of a male to obtain or maintain an erection.
incontinence Inability to control urine elimination or bowel function.
balanitis Inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis.
polycystic kidney disease (PKD) Inherited disease in which sacs of fluid called cysts develop in the kidneys.
foreskin Loose skin covering the end of the penis.
dialysis hemodialysis Mechanical removal of waste substances from the blood.
electrolytes Mineral salt (sodium, potassium or calcium) that carries an electrical charge.
prostatocystalgia Pain in the prostate and bladder.
dysuria Painful urination.
residual Pertaining to that which is left as a residue.
renal Pertaining to the kidney.
nephrolithiasis Presence of a kidney stone.
nitrogenous waste Product of protein metabolism.
diuretics Promote and increase the excretion of urine.
pyuria Pus in the urine.
pyelolithotomy Removal of a stone from the renal pelvis by an incision.
curcumcision Removal of the foreskin.
vasectomy Removal of the vas deferens.
kidney transplant Replacement of a diseased kidney.
urgency Sensation of the need to void immediately.
peritoneum Serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity.
phimosis Stenosis of the foreskin so that it cannot be retracted over the glans penis.
renal vein Structure which carries blood away from the kidney.
varicocele Swelling and distention of veins of the spermatic cord.
hydrocele Swelling of the sac surrounding the testes.
ejaculation The expulsion of seminal fluid.
sperm The male gamete.
hypospadias The opening of the urethra is on the undersurface of the penis.
calyx The cuplike division of the kidney pelvis.
excretion The process of expelling material from the body.
catheterization To insert a catheter into a cavity to remove body fluid.
uremia Toxic condition of nitrogenous wastes in the blood.
urochrome Urine colour.
urinalysis (UA) Urine screening test that includes physical observation, chemical tests and microscopic evaluation.
micturition Voiding.
acute glomerulonephritis AGN
artificial insemination AI
acute renal failure ARF
acute tubular necrosis ATN
bladder neck obstruction BNO
blood urea nitrogen BUN
culture and sensitivity C&S
catheterization Cath
digital rectal exam DRE
erectile dysfunction ED
end-stage renal disease ESRD
hemodialysis HD
interstitial cystitis IC
intravenous pyelogram IVP
polycystic kidney disease PKD
prostate specific antigen PSA
specific gravity sp. gr.
transurethral resection of the prostate TURP
urinalysis UA
urinary tract infection UTI
Created by: Barbara Ross