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Male Reproductive Reverse Defs

prostate a gland of the male reproductive system which surrounds the proximal portion of the urethra
epididymis a single, tightly coiled tube above each testis that stores sperm after it leaves the seminiferous tubules
spermatocele abnormal, fluid-filled sac that develops in the epididymis and may or may not contain sperm; also called spermatic cyst
anorchism absence of one or both testicles; also called anorchia or anorchidism
prostatitis acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate
testosterone androgenic hormone responsible for the development of the male sex organs, including the penis, testicles, scrotum, and prostate
testicular abnormalities any of the various disorders that affect the testes
prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test used to detect prostatic disorders, especially prostate cancer; also called a tumour marker test
hypospadias congenital abnormality where the opening of the male urethra is on the undersurface of the penis, instead of at its tip
hypogonadism decrease or lack of hormones normally produced by the gonads
gynecomastia enlargement of breast tissue int he male
prostatectomy excision of part or all of the prostate gland
transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) excision of the prostate gland by inserting a special endoscope through the urethra and into the bladder to remove small pieces of tissue from the prostate gland
vas deferens excretory duct of the testes
cryptorchidism failure of the testes to descend into the scrotal sac prior to birth
orchiopexy fixation of the testes in the scrotum
semen fluid containing sperm and secretions from the prostate and other structures of the male reproductive system; also called seminal fluid
ultrasonography (US) high-frequency sound waves are directed at soft tissue and reflected as "echoes" to produce an image on a monitor of an internal body structure, also called ultrasound, sonography and echo
gonadotropin hormonal preparation used to raise sperm count in cases of infertility
impotence inability of a male to obtain or maintain an erection
sterility inability to produce offspring; int he male, inability to fertilize the ovum
prostatotomy incision into the prostate
androgens increase testosterone levels
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis
balanitis inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis, caused by bacteria, fungi, or a virus
orchiepididymitis inflammation of the testes and epididymis
foreskin loose skin covering the end of the penis
testicular mass new tissue growth that appears on one or both testes and may be malignant or benign
prostatocystalgia pain in the prostate and bladder
orchitis painful swelling of one or both testes, commonly associated with mumps that develop after puberty
inguinal canal passageway in the groin for the spermatic cord in the male
inguinal hernia presence of small intestine in the inguinal canal
priapism prolonged and often painful erection of the penis, which occurs without sexual stimulation
libido psychological and physical drive for sexual activity
urethroplasty reconstruction of the urethra to relieve stricture or narrowing
vasectomy removal of all or a segment of the vas deferens for male sterilization
prostatectomy removal of all or part of the prostate
orchiectomy removal of one or both testicles; also called castration or orchidectomy
circumcision removal of the foreskin, or fold of skin covering the tip of the penis
erectile dysfunction (ED) repeated inability to initiate or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse
gamete reproductive cell that contains one-half of the chromosomes required to produce an offspring of the species
sphincter ringlike muscles that opens and closes a body opening to allow or restrict passage through the structure
digital rectal examination (DRE) screening test that assesses the rectal wall surface for lesions or evaluates abnormalities of the pelvic area
testicular torsion spontaneous twisting of a testicle within the scrotum, leading to a decrease in blood flow to the affected testicle
phimosis stenosis or narrowing of foreskin so that it cannot be retracted over the glans penis
antiandrogens suppress the production of androgen
varicocele swelling an distention of veins of the spermatic cord, somewhat resembling varicose veins of the legs
hydrocele swelling of the sac surrounding the testes that is typically harmless
semen analysis test that analyzes a semen sample for volume, sperm count, motility, and morphology to evaluate fertility or verify sterilization after a vasectomy
ejaculation the expulsion of seminal fluid from the male urethra
penis the male external sex organ
sperm the male gamete or sex cell
anti-impotence agents treat erectile dysfunction by increasing blood flow to the penis, resulting in an erection
antivirals treat viral disorders by inhibiting their development
scrotal ultrasound US used to assess the contents of the scrotum, including the testicles, epididymis, and vas deferens; also called testicular ultrasound
prostate ultrasound US using an ultrasound probe inserted through the rectum to evaluate the prostate; also called transrectal ultrasound
Created by: deyoht_kwa