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QDM Exam #2

Ch. 7

Just-In-Time Philosophy (JIT) Getting the right quantity of goods at the right place at the right time.
Waste Anything that does not add value.
A broad view of JIT A philosophy that encompasses the entire organization.
Defining Beliefs of JIT Broad view of operations, simplicity, continuous improvement, visibility, and flexibility.
Types of Waste Material, Energy, Time, and Space
Broad View of the Organization Tasks and procedures are important only if they meet the company's overall goals.
Simplicity The simpler a solution, the better it is.
Continuous Improvement (Kaizen) A philosophy of never-ending improvement.
Visibility Problems must be visible to be identified and solved.
Flexibility A company can quickly adapt to the changing needs of its customers.
JIT System The three elements are just-in-time manufacturing, total quality management, and respect for people.
Just-In-Time Manufacturing The element of JIT that focuses on the production system to achieve value-added manufacturing.
Setup Cost Cost incurred when setting up equipment for a production run.
Total Quality Management (TQM) An integrated effort designed to improve quality performance at every level of the organization.
Quality at the Source Uncovering the root cause of a quality problem.
Respect for People An element of JIT that considers human resources as an essential part of the JIT philosophy.
Pull System JIT is based on a "pull" system rather than a "push" system.
Kanban Card A card that specifies the exact quantity of product that needs to be produced.
Production Card A kanban card that authorizes production of material.
Withdrawal Card A kanban card that authorizes withdrawal of material.
Small-lot Production The ability to produce small quantities of products.
Internal Setup Requires the machine to be stopped in order to be performed.
External Setup Can be performed while the machine is still running.
Uniform Plant Loading A constant production plan for a facility with a given planning horizon.
Multifunction Workers Capable of performing more than one job.
Cell Manufacturing Placement of dissimilar machines and equipment together to produce a family of products with similar processing requirements.
Jidoka Authority given to workers to stop the production line if a quality problem is detected.
Poka-yoke Foolproof devices or mechanisms that prevent defects from occurring.
Bottom-Round Management Consensus management by committees or teams.
Quality Circles Small teams of employees that volunteer to solve quality problems.
Single-source Suppliers Suppliers that supply an entire family of parts for one manufacturer.
Created by: bradbrown1122 on 2008-11-05

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