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Med Term

Ch. 8 Digestive System

anorexia nervosa a lack or loss of appetite for food (as a medical condition) an emotional disorder characterized by an obsessive desire to lose weight by refusing to eat
antiemetic preventing vomiting an antiemetic drug
aphthous ulcers Aphthous stomatitis is a common condition characterized by the repeated formation of benign and non-contagious mouth ulcers in otherwise healthy individuals
botulism food poisoning caused by a bacterium growing on improperly sterilized canned meats and other preserved foods
bulimia nervosa an emotional disorder involving distortion of body image and an obsessive desire to lose weight, in which bouts of extreme overeating are followed by depression and self-induced vomiting, purging, or fasting
cachexia weakness and wasting of body due to severe chronic illness
cholecystalgia pain due to inflammation of the gallbladder
cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gallbladder
cirrhosis a chronic disease of the liver marked by degeneration of cells, inflammation, and fibrous thickening of tissue
colonoscopy a flexible fiber-optic instrument inserted through the anus in order to examine the colon
Crohn's Disease a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines, esp. the colon and ileum, associated with ulcers and fistulae
diverticulitis inflammation of a diverticulum, esp. in the colon, causing pain and disturbance of bowel function
dyspepsia indigestion
dysphagia difficulty or discomfort in swallowing, as a symptom of disease
enteritis difficulty or discomfort in swallowing, as a symptom of disease: progressive dysphagia
esophageal varices In medicine, esophageal varicose are extremely dilated sub-mucosal veins in the lower third of the esophagus
esophagogastroduodenoscopy Esophagogastroduodenoscopy or panendoscopy is a diagnostic endoscopic procedure that visualizes the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract up to the duodenum
hematemesis the vomiting of blood
hepatitis a disease characterized by inflammation of the liver
hiatal hernia the protrusion of an organ, typically the stomach, through the esophageal opening in the diaphragm
inguinal hernia An inguinal hernia is a protrusion of abdominal-cavity contents through the inguinal canal
jaundice a medical condition with yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes, arising from excess of the pigment bilirubin and typically caused by obstruction of the bile duct, by liver disease, or by excessive breakdown of red blood cells
morbid obesity Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems
peristalsis the involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal, creating wavelike movements that push the contents of the canal forward
regurgitation bring up again to the mouth
salmonellosis a bacterium that occurs mainly in the intestine, esp. a serotype causing food poisoning
ulcerative colitis Ulcerative colitis is a form of inflammatory bowel disease
volvulus an obstruction caused by twisting of the stomach or intestine
Created by: Alyy