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chapter 8

digestive system

anorexia nervosa eating disorder characterized by a false perception of body appearance. This leads to an intense fear of gaining weight and refusal to maintain a normal body weight.
antiemetic a medication that is administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting
aphthous ulcers also known as canker sores or mouth ulcers, are grey-white pits with a red border in the soft tissues lining the mouth
botulism (food poisoning) a rare, but very serious, condition transmitted through contaminated food or an infected wound
bulimia nervosa an eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or other medications.
cachexia a condition of physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with diseases such as advanced cancer or AIDS.
cholecystalgia pain in the gallbladder
cholecystectomy the surgical removal of the gallbladder.
cirrhosis progressive degenerative disease of the liver that is often caused by excessive alcohol use or by viral hepatitis B or C
colonoscopy the direct visual examination of the inner surface of the entire colon from the rectum to the cecum
Crohn's Disease a chronic autoimmune disorder that can occur anywhere in the digestive tract; however, it is most often found in the ileum and in the colon
diverticulitis the inflammation of one or more diverticula in the colon
Dyspepsia also known as indigestion, is pain or discomfort in digestion
Dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
Enteritis an inflammation of the small intestine caused by eating or drinking substances contaminated with viral and bacterial pathogens
Esophageal varices enlarged and swollen veins at the lower end of the esophagus
Esophagogastroduodenscopy an endoscopic procedure that allows direct visualization of the upper GI tract which includes the esophagus, stomach, and upper duodenum
hematemesis the vomiting of blood
Hepatitis an inflammation of the liver
hital hernia a condition in which a portion of the stomach protrudes upward into the chest, through an opening in the diaphragm
inguinal hernia the protrusion of a small loop of bowel through a weak place in the lower abdominal wall or groin.
jaundice a yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the eyes.
morbid obesity the condition of weighing two to three times, or more, than the ideal weight or having a body mass index value greater than 39.
peristalisis a series of wave-like contractions of the smooth muscles in a single direction
regurgitation the return of swallowed food into the mouth
salmonellosis also referred to as salmonella, is transmitted by food that is contaminated by feces.
ulcerative colitis a chronic condition of unknown cause in which repeated episodes of inflammation in the rectum and large intestine cause ulcers and irritation
volvulus the twisting of the intestine on itself that causes an obstruction
an/o anus
chol/e bile or gall
cholecyst/o gallbladder
col/o, colon/o colon
-emesis vomiting
enter/o small intestines
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
hepat/o liver
-lithiasis presence of stones
-pepsia digestion
-phagia swallowing
-proct/o rectum
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
Created by: wood33971