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DTM Vocab 1-2 aak

TermDefinition
(3) Demographic Transition Model (DTM) transition from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates
(2) Industrial of, relating to, or characterized by industry
(2) Industrial Revolution the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. the transition to new manufacturing process; including land production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production
(2) Crude Birth Rate the number of live births occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year
(2) Crude Death Rate the number of deaths occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year
(2) Natural Increase Rate the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate of a population
(2) Total Fertility Rate the rate of children a women has in her total fertility lifespan
(2) Infant Mortality Rate the rate or infants that die before their first birthday
(3) Zero Population Growth the maintenance of a population at a constant level by limiting the number of live births to only what is needed to replace the existing population
(1) Infrastructure the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g., buildings, roads, and power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise
(2) Primary Economic Activity activities where natural resources are extracted from earth
(2) Subsistence Farming when someone or a family farms for survival instead of profits
(2) Agricultural Production production using agricultural tools and processes
(2) Replacement Babies women expected their babies to die before their first birthday so they had replacement babies to make up or the babies that they would lose
(1) Famine when there is a shortage in food supply
(1) Epidemic a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time
(1) Pandemic (of a disease) prevalent over a whole country or the world
(2) Agricultural Revolution a period of agricultural development between the 18th century and the end of the 19th century, which saw a massive and rapid increase in agricultural productivity and vast improvements in farm technology
(2) Mechanization the process of completing tasks using machinery
(3) The Medical Revolution the advance in medical technology that resulted in healthier lives, population growth, and newfound knowledge of medicine
Created by: 10014086