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Physical Geography

20 Physical Geography Vocabulary Terms

TermDefinition
Archipelago a chain of islands in the ocean (Hawaii, Japan, Indonesia, and Philippines)
Basin a natural depression or dent in the earth's surface that drains to a particular river (Amazon River Basin)
Bay a body of water enclosed by land but having a wide outlet to the sea. (Chesapeake Bay)
Canyon a deep narrow valley with steep rocky walls carved by a river running along the bottom. (The Grand Canyon)
Desert arid (Dry), barren land (Sahara Desert)
Fjord a deep valley created by a glacier that is flooded by seawater
Gulf a part of the ocean extending into land (Gulf of Mexico)
Island a piece of land completely surrounded by water (Fiji)
Isthmus a narrow piece of land that connect two larger pieces of land (Isthmus of Panama)
Lagoon an area of shallow water separated from the sea by low sandy dunes or a sand bar
Lake a body of water surrounded by land on all sides usually fresh water ( Lake Erie, Lake Victoria, Lake Titicaca)
Mountain area of raised land higher than a hill often having steep rocky sides (Mt. Everest, Mt. Denali)
Mountain Range a chain of mountains ( Rocky Mtns, Andes Mtns, Appalachian Mtns)
Ocean large body of water separating the continents (Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, Southern)
Peninsula a piece of land surrounded by water on 3 sides (Florida, Baja Peninsula, Yucatan Peninsula, Iberian Peninsula)
Plain a broad area of mostly flat land (Great Plains)
Plateau broad are of mostly flat land at a high elevation (Altiplano, Deccan Plateua, Colorado Plateau)
River a large stream of water that runs into another river, a lake, or the ocean (Potomac, Mississippi, Nile, or the Amazon rivers)
River Delta area where a river breaks up into smaller streams before emptying into the ocean (Potomac, Mississippi, Nile, or the Amazon rivers)
Sea large body of water partly or partially surrounded by land. It is usually larger than a lake and has salt water ( Caribbean, Mediterranean Seas)
Tributary a stream or river that flows into a larger river
Valley area of low lying land between mountains or hills. (Death Valley, Indus River Valley, Hudson River Valley)
Volcano opening in a mountain that may erupt or has erupted with gases, lava, and ash. (Mt. St. Helens, Mt. Etna, Krakatoa, Mana Loa)
Created by: jack straw