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chapter 7

respiratory system

antitussive commonly known as cough medicine; prevents or relieve coughing
apnea the absence of spontaneous respiration
asphyxia the condition that occurs when the body cannot get the air it needs to function
asthma a chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing,and wheezing.
bradypnea an abnormally slow rate of respiration usually of less than 10 breaths per minute
bronchodilator a medication that expands the opening of the passages into the lungs. At the first sign of an asthma attack, the patient uses a metered-dose inhaler to self-administer the bronchodilator.
bronchospasm a contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze the airway shut
croup an acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and a barking cough.
cystic fibrosis a genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus.
dyspnea also known as shortness of breath, is difficult or labored breathing
epitaxis also known as a nose-bleed, is bleeding from the nose that is usually caused by an injury, excessive use of blood thinners, or bleeding disorders
hemoptysis coughing up of blood or bloodstained sputum derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as the result of a pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage
laryngitis nflammation of the larynx
nebulizer pumps air or oxygen through a liquid medicine to turn it into a vapor, which is then inhaled by the patient via a face mask or mouth piece
otolaryngologist also known as an ENT, is a physician with specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck
pertussis also known as whooping cough, is a contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by recurrent bouts of a sudden or spasm- like cough, followed by breathlessness, and a noisy inspiration.
pharyngitis also known as a sore throat, is an inflammation of the pharynx
pleurisy inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain with each breath. Pleurisy can be caused by influenza or by damage to the lung beneath the pleura
pneumothorax the accumulation of air in the pleural space causing a pressure imbalance that prevents the lung from fully expanding or can cause it to collapse
pulmonologist a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the lungs and associated tissues
pulse oximeter an external monitor placed on the patient’s finger or earlobe to measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood
sinusitis an inflammation of the sinuses
tachypnea an abnormally rapid rate of respiration usually of more than 20 breaths per minute
tracheotomy an emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage
tuberculosis an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis,usually attacks the lungs
Created by: wood33971