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Common Medical Terms and Defiitions Appendix A

Cerebrospinal Pertaining to the brain and the spinal cord
Cerebrovascular Pertaining to the brain and blood vessels that supply it
Epidural Pertaining to above the dura mater
Eplipesy A disorder of the central nervous system characterized by recurrent seizures
Meningitis Inflammation of the meninges of the brain
Neuralgia Nerve pain
Neurologist A physicain who specializes in deases of the neurological system
Schizophrenia A type of psychosis in which the mind is said to be split from reality
Bradycardia Pertaining to a slow heart rate
Cardiologist A physician who specializes in deseases of the heart
Cardiomyopathy Diease of the heart muscle
Endocardium Membrane lining the cavities of the heart
Hypertension High blood pressure
Hypoxemia Too little oxygen in the blood
Myocarditis Inflammation of the heart muscle
Myocardium Heart muscle tisue
Pericardium Lining around the outside of the heart
Tachycardia Pertaining to a fast heart rate
Bronchitis Inflammation of the bronchi
Dyspnea Difficult, painful, or fault breathing
Hypoxia A condition of deficient oxygens levels
Pharyngitis Inflammation of the pharynx
Pulmonologist Specialist in deases of the lungs
Rhinoplasty Surgical repair of the nose
Rhinorrhea Discharge from the nose
Spirometry Measurement of breathing
Stethoscope Instrument used to lsiten to lung and heart sounds through the chest wall
Arthritis Inflammation of the joints
Bursitis Slow Movement
Intramuscular Pertaining to within the muscle
Myalgia Muscle pain
Orthopedic Pertainging to straight foot-pertainging to the study of diseases of the skeletal and muscular system
Tendinitis Inflammation of the tendon
Endocrinology Study of the secreting glands that comprise the endocrine system
Hyperglycemia Too much cugar in the blood
Hyperthyroidism Condition of too much thyroid hormone
Hypokalemia Low blood potassium
Pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas
Autoimmune The diisorder characterized by abnormal function of the immune system that causes the body to produce antibodies against itself
Immunocompromised A condition in which the immune syste has been compromised by disease or immunosuppressive agents
Leukemia A malignant blood disease marked by abnormal white blood cells, or leukocytes
Metastasis The spread of cancer cells beyond the original of the tumore through blood or lymph
Anemia A blood condition in which there is a reduction in the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin, or the volume of packed red blood cells
Hematology Medical Study of the blood
Myeloma Tumore of the bone marrow
Cholecystectomy A puncture of the abdoment from aspiration of abdominal fluid
Cirrhosis Surgical removal of the gall bladder
Colonoscopy Process of viewing the colon
Dyspepsia The condidtion of indigestion, or of the painful digestion
Dysphagia Pertaigning to the process of viewing
Esophagitis Inflammation of the esophagus
gastroenterologist Specialist in the study or treatment of the stomach and intestines
Nasogastric Pertainging to the nose and the stomach; a tule that travels from the nose to the stomach
Pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas
Sublingual Pertainging to under the tongue
Nephrectomy Surgical removal of a kidney
Polyuria Condtion in which one urinates excessively
Urologist Physicians who specializes in conditions of the urinary system
Conjuctivitis Inflammation of the conjuctiva
Intraocular Pertaining to the inside of the eye
Opthalmologist Specialist in the diseases of the eye
Optomery Process of measuring the eye
Photophobia Extreme sensitivity and discomfort from light
Myringitis Inflammation of the tympanic
Otitis Inflammation of the ear
Dermatitis Inflammatiom of the skin
Dermatologist Specialist in the study of dieases of the skin
Epiderml Pertaining to the skin
Histology THe study of tissues
Percutaneous Through of the flesh
Subcutaneous Dry Skin
Gynecologist A physician who specializes in the reproductive system of women
Hysterectomy Pertainiging to the production of milk
Mammogram An x-ray of the breast
Obstetrics Breast pain
Vasectomy Exicion of part of the vas deferens to produce male sterility
Created by: sorayac_