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# Math Topic 3/4

### Vocabulary Words for Math Topic 3/4

Question | Answer |
---|---|

prime number | A whole number greater than 1 that has exactly two factors, itself and 1. |

composite number | A whole number greater than 1 with more than 2 factors. |

prime factorization | The process of writing a whole number as a product of its prime factors. |

factor tree | A diagram that shows the prime factorization of a composite number. |

multiple | The product of a given whole number and another whole number. |

underestimate | The result of using lesser numbers to estimate a sum or product. The estimate is smaller than the actual answer. |

partial products | Product found by breaking one of two factors into ones, tens, hundreds, and so on, and then multiplying each of these by the other factor. |

overestimate | The result of using larger numbers to estimate a sum or product. The estimate is larger than the actual answer. |

exponent | A number that tells how many times the base is used as a factor. 3 Example: 10 = 10x10x10; the exponent is 3 and the base is 10. |

base | The number that is multiplied by itself when raised to a power. 3 Example: In 5 , the 5 is the base. |

expanded form (exponents) | A way to write a number involving exponents that shows the base as a factor. |

exponential notation | A way to write a number using a base and an exponent. |

squared | A name for a number to the second power. |

standard form | A common way of writing a number with commas separating groups of three digits starting from the right. Example: 3,458 |

cubed | A name for a number to the third power. |

divisor | The number used to divide another number. |

dividend | The number to be divided. |

remainder | In division, the number that is left after the division is complete. |

quotient | The answer to a division problem. |

factor pair | A pair of numbers whose product equals a given number. |

divisible | A number is divisible by another number if there is no remained after dividing. |

Associative Property of Multiplication | Factors can be regrouped and the product remains the same. 2x(4x10)=(2x4)x10 |

Commutative Property of Multiplication | The order of factors can be changed and the product remains the same. Example: 3x5=5x3 |

Zero Property of Multiplication | The product of any number and 0 is 0. |

Identity Property of Multiplication | The product of any number and 1 is that number. |

product | The number that is the result of multiplying two or more factors. |

factors | Numbers that are multiplied to get a product. |

Created by:
preschool005