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Infection Control Exam Review

What does mode of transmission mean? after an organism leaves the host reservoir it needs transportation to a new susceptible host
What is direct contact? person to person
What indirect contact? person to object to person
What is droplet transmission? coughs and sneezes
What is vehicle route? transmission via food, water, blood and body fluids
What us airborne transmission? dust, evaporated droplets in the air, particle of skin and hair, ventilation systems
What is vector transmission? bird, animal or insect
What is Normal Flora microorganisms natural to the body that are nonpathogenic ( do not cause illness)
What is bacteria single celled, that multiply by cell division. Most are nonpathogenic but some can cause illness.
What is a virus? very small and incomplete organisms that need a host to multiply. Cannot live on their own.
What is fungi? grown mainly as a single cell, yeasts, molds needs pores to reproduce, rarely cause illness
What is protozoa singe cell, ranging in size from microscopic to visible, found mainly in contaminated water
How should you treat a person with HIV/AIDS with Respect, Acceptance, Warmth, Empathy and Dignity. (RAWED)
What are standard precautions (PPE) Personal/Proper Protective Equipment ie) gloves, gowns, masks, protective eye wear etc.
What are contraindications for MMR? Pregnancy, receipt of immuglobulin, sensitivity to eggs or neomycin
What is a pathogen? microorganism that causes disease
What is chemical disinfection used for? heat sensitive equipment
What is medical asepsis? killing germs after they leave the body
What is surgical asepsis? killing pathogens before the can enter the body aka sterilization-uses physical and chemical procedures
The most effective method of preventing disease? hand washing
Why do vaccines work? body will respond in the same manner to an antigen whether it is exposed naturally or by vaccine
What does chain of infection mean? links in the chain- have been broken causing transition of an individual from healthy to infectious.
How can AIDS be transmitted? unprotected sexual intercourse, shared needles or drug equip, transfusion of blood or blood products, tattooing, skin piercings or acupuncture with contaminated equipment
What is the universal disinfectant bleach
What is postexposure prophylaxis? PEP is treatment to prevent infection after exposure to a dangerous virus- usually antiviral drugs.
Created by: amatt