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Chapter 15

Social Studies Test

Wilmot Proviso an 1846 proposal that outlawed slavery in any territory gained from War with Mexico
Free Soil Party a political party dedicated to stopping the expansion of slavery
Henry Clay senator of Kentucky that helped in the making of the Missouri Compromise
Daniel Webster senator from Massachusetts which supported the compromise for the sake of the union
Stephen A. Douglas senator of Illinois that made the best form of the compromise, forming the Compromise of 1850
Compromise of 1850 a series of Congressional laws intended to settle the major disagreements between free states and slave states
Harriet Beecher Stowe did not like how the Compromise of 1850 would help slaveholders recapture their runaway slaves
Uncle Tom’s Cabin a novel published by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852 that portrayed slavery as brutal and immoral
Fugitive Slave Act an 1850 law to help slaveholders recapture runaway slaves
Popular Sovereignty a system in which the residents vote to decide an issue
Kansas-Nebraska Act an 1854 law that established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and gave their residents the right whether to allow slavery
John Brown an extreme abolitionist who went to the cabins of several pro slavery neighbors and murdered five people, this attack is known as the Pottawatomie Massacre
Republican Party the political party formed in 1854 by opponents of slavery in the territories
John C. Fremont the republicans nominated him to run for president as a republican, a national hero for his explorations in the West, earned the nickname of “Pathfinder.”
James Buchanan the democrats nominated him to run for president as a democrat, was a minister of Great Britain, had been known in England since 1853 and hadn’t spoken with or against the Kansas-Nebraska Act
Dred Scott v. Sandford an 1856 Supreme Court case in which a slave, Dred Scott, sued for his freedom because he had been taken to live in the territories where slavery was illegal; the Court ruled against Scott
Roger B. Taney chief justice in Scott’s case, said that Dred Scott was not a U.S. citizen, as a result, could not sue in U.S. courts; said that Scott was bound by Missouri’s slave code; as a result Scott’s free time in territory did not matter in his case
Abraham Lincoln a republican nominated to challenge Douglas for his U.S. Senate seat
Harpers Ferry a federal arsenal in Virginia that was captured in 1859 during a slave revolt
Platform a statement of beliefs
Secede to withdraw
Confederate States of America the confederation formed in 1861 by the Southern States after their secession from the Union
Jefferson Davis named president of the Confederacy
Crittenden Plan a compromise introduced in 1861 that might have prevented secession
Created by: cassie35915