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Chapter 22-

gastroenteritis infection of the stomach
dysentery blood or mucus in diarrhea
gastritis inflammation of stomach & intestine
colitis inflammation of the colon
enterocolitis inflammation of the colon & small intestine
hepatitis liver inflammation
gastritis symptoms are diarrhea and sometimes nausea, vomiting & abdominal cramps
Mumps Causative agent: Mumps virus
Mumps Microbe virus
Mumps Transmission saliva & respiratory secretions/ resp droplets
Mumps Prevention MMR vaccine
Mumps Complications sterility in men, inflammation of ovaries, pancreatitis & meningitis
Shigellosis Cause Shigella species
Shigellosis Transmission fecal-oral route
Typhoid Fever Caused Salmonella typhi bacteria
Typhoid Fever Transmission feces (fecal-oral route)
Typhoid Fever Prevention good hygiene and clean water
Shigellosis microbe Bacteria
Shigellosis prevention good hygiene
Typhoid microbe Bacteria
Salmonellosis Causative agent Salmonella enterica bacteria
Salmonellosis Transmission fecal-oral route & contaminated food
Salmonellosis microbe bacteria
Cholera Causative agent Vibrio cholerae
Cholera microbe bacteria
Cholera Transmission fecal-oral route
Cholera prevention proper sanitation, clean water supply and god hygine
Cholera Complications use of antacids decrease infectious dose
Enterohemorrhagic E. coli Causative agent E. coli strain O157:H7
Enterohemorrhagic E. coli microbe bacteria
Enterohemorrhagic E. coli Transmission fecal-oral route
Enterohemorrhagic E. coli Complications hemorrhagic colitis & hemolytic uremic syndrome (bloody urine)
Clostridium Causative agent Clostridium perfringes
Clostridium microbe bacteria
Clostridium Complications fecal-oral route
Campylobacteriosis Causative agent Campylobacter jejuni
Campylobacteriosis microbe bacteria
Campylobacteriosis Transmission fecal-oral route
Campylobacteriosis prevention good hygiene
Clostridium Gastroenteritis Causative agent Clostridium perfringes
Clostridium Gastroenteritis microbe bacteria
Clostridium Gastroenteritis Transmission eating contaminated meat (fecal-oral)
Rotavirus Causative agent rotavirus
Rotavirus microbe Virus
Rotavirus Transmission fecal-oral route
Rotavirus prevention oral vaccine
Norovirus Causative agent Norwalk virus
Norovirus microbe virus
Norovirus Transmission fecal-oral route
Norovirus prevention good hygiene
Giardiasis Causative agent Giardia lamblia
Giardiasis microbe Protozoa
Giardiasis Transmission contaminated water; fecal-oral route
Giardiasis prevention Good hygiene
Cryptosporidiosis Causative agent Cryptosporidium species
Cryptosporidiosis microbe Protozoa
Cryptosporidiosis Transmission fecal-oral route, contaminated recreational & drinking water
Cryptosporidiosis prevention Good hygiene, water testing
Ascariasis Causative agent Ascaris lumbricoides
Ascariasis microbe Helminthic infection
Ascariasis Transmission Ingestion of eggs; fecal-oral route
Ascariasis prevention good hygiene
etiology study of cause of disease
diagnosis science & skill of distinguishing one disorder or disease from another
sign change in body that can be measured or observed as result of disease; ex. lesions, fever, swelling & paralysis
symptom change in body function that is felt by patient as result of disease; ex. pain & malaise
prognosis outcome from disease
acute infection symptoms develop rapidly but last for only short time;
chronic infection disease develops slowly & disease continues or reoccurs for long periods; ex. Hepatitis B
acute infection example influenza
chronic infection example Hepatitis B
local infection pathogens are limited to a small area of body
local infection example boils & abscesses
5 things are used during the diagnosis of illness Infection: illness caused by a microbe Trauma: injury Malignancy: cancer Malnutrition: poor nutrition Toxicity: poisoning
4 different stages in the progression of an illness Incubation,Prodromal,Active,Convalescent
Streptococcal pharyngitis Causative agent Streptococcus pyogenes
Streptococcal pharyngitis microbe bacteria
Streptococcal pharyngitis Transmission Respiratory droplets
Streptococcal pharyngitis prevention Pneumonia vaccine
Diphtheria Causative agent Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Diphtheria Transmission respiratory droplets
Diphtheria microbe bacteria
Diphtheria prevention vaccine
Common Cold Causative agent Rhinoviruses: 50% Coronaviruses: 15–20%
Common Cold microbe virus
Common Cold Transmission respiratory route & hand-to-nose contact
Common Cold prevention washing hands
Pneumococcal Pneumonia Causative agent Streptococcus pneumoniae
Pneumococcal Pneumonia microbe bacteria
Pneumococcal Pneumonia Transmission respiratory droplets
Pneumococcal Pneumonia prevention pneumococcal vaccine
Haemophilus influenzae Pneumonia Causative agent Haemophilus influenzae
Haemophilus influenzae Pneumonia microbe bacteria
Haemophilus influenzae Pneumonia Transmission respiratory droplets
Haemophilus influenzae Pneumonia prevention Hib vaccine
Legionellosis Causative agent Legionella pneumophila
Legionellosis microbe bacteria
Legionellosis Transmission inhaling aerosols; not transmitted from human to human
Pertussis Whooping Cough
Pertussis Causative agent Bordetella pertussis
Pertussis microbe bacteria
Pertussis Transmission respiratory droplets
Pertussis prevention DTaP vaccine
Tuberculosis Causative agent Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Tuberculosis microbe bacteria
Tuberculosis Transmission Inhalation
Tuberculosis prevention BCG Vaccine
Influenza Flu
Influenza Causative agent influenza virus
Influenza microbe virus
Influenza Transmission respiratory droplets
Influenza prevention vaccine
Histoplasmosis Causative agent Histoplasma capsulatum
Histoplasmosis microbe fungus
Histoplasmosis Transmission Inhalation
Pneumocystis Pneumonia Causative agent Pneumocystis jirovecii
Pneumocystis Pneumonia microbe fungus
Pneumocystis Pneumonia Transmission opportunistic
pelvic inflammatory disease infection of uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries & abdominal cavity
Cystitis infection of bladder
Urethritis inflammation of urethra
Vaginitis inflammation of vagina
Salpingitis inflammation of fallopian tubes
UTI, gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, toxic shock syndrome, genital herpes, genital warts, yeast infections, listeriosis & trichomoniasis
Urinary Tract Infections Causative agent E. coli, Proteus sp
Urinary Tract Infections Transmission: fecal skin contamination travels upwards
Urinary Tract Infections microbe bacteria
Created by: 1815104090