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Geography Test

Geography and Map Skills Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Absolute Location The specific location of a place using degrees of longitude and latitude.
Cardinal Directions The four main directions on a compass; north, south, east, west.
Compass Rose Indicates the direction on a map.
Enviroment The surroundings of a place; including: land, water, weather patterns, plants, animals.
Geography The study of Earth's surfaces and the process that shape it.
Hemisphere Half of the Earth; Northern, Southern, Eastern, Western.
Intermediate Directions The directions made by combining two of the cardinal directions; northeast, southeast, northwest, southwest.
Latitude How far south or north a location is from the Equator is shown by a line of latitude. These are horizontal lines also known as parallels. Separates the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
Longitude How far east or west from the Prime Meridian is shown by a line of longitude. These are vertical lines know as meridians. Separates the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
Map Key Shows the symbols and colors used on a map and what each one means.
Map Projections Any method of taking the Earths curved surface & having to shrink or stretch areas to have fit best on a flat surface map Same Shape Maps Equal Area Maps and Robinson Maps Relative Location the location of a place in relation to another location or place.
Relative Location The location of a place in relation to another location or place.
Scale Bar Is used to calculate the distance between two points on a map.
Six Essential Elements of Geography A method of categorizing and studying geography. Geographers have divided the study of geography into six essential elements: the world in spatial terms, places and regions, physical systems, human systems, and environment and society.
Created by: Lumoid