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Chapter 4

Muscular System

Muscul/o my/o myos/o make body movement possible, hold body erect, move body fluids, and produce body heat
fasci/o cover, support, and separate muscles
ten/o tend/o tendin/o attach muscles to bones
bi- two
-cele hernia
dys- bad
fasci/o fascia
fibr/o fibrous connective tissue
-ia condition of
-ic pertaining to
kines/o kinesi/o movement of
my/o muscle
-plegia paralysis
-rrhexis coordination
tax/o rupture
ten/o tend/o tendin/o tendon
ton/o tone
tri- three
abduction moves away from the midline
adduction moves toward the midline
adhesion band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together
ataxia inability to coordinate muscle activity during voluntary movement
atonic meaning lacking normal muscle tone or strength
atrophy means of weakness or wearing away of body tissue and structures
bradykinesia extreme slowness in movement
carpal tunnel syndrome bony passage under the carpal ligament below the inner surface of the wrist
chronic fatigue syndrome profound fatigue that is not improved with rest
circumduction circular movement of a limb at the far end
contracture permanent tightening of fascia
dorsiflexion bends the foot upward at the ankle
dyskinesia distortion or impairment of voluntary movement such as a tic
dystaxia partial ataxia
dystonia abnormal muscle tone that causes the impairment of voluntary muscle movement
electromyography measures electrical activity in a muscle
electroneuromyography never condition studies
epicondylitis inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow
ergonomics study of human factors in the workplace
exercise physiologist specialist who work under the supervision of a physician to administer physical test and promote physical fitness
fascilitis inflammation of a fascia
fibromyalgia syndrome symptoms causing weakness
ganglion cyst harmless fluid filled swelling that occurs most commonly on the wrist
heel spur calcium deposit in the plantar fascia
hemiparesis slight paralysis on one side of the body
hemiplegia total paralysis affecting one side of the body
hyperkinesia hyperactivity
hypertonia excessive tone
hypokinesia abnormally decreased muscle function or activity
hypotonia diminished tone of skeletal muscles
impingement syndrome swollen or inflamed tendons are caught in the narrow space between the joints
intermittent claudication pain in the leg muscle that occurs during exercise
muscular dystrophy progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles
myasthenia gravis chronic autoimmune disease that affects the neuromuscular junction produces weakness of voluntary muscles
myocele protrusion of muscle through a tear in the fascia
myoclonus sudden involuntary jerking of muscle
myofasical release technique used to release pain
myolysis degeneration or breaking down of muscle
myoparesis weakness or slight muscular paralysis
myorrhaphy surgical suturing a muscle wound
myotonia disorder characterized by the slow relaxation of the muscles
nocturnal myoclonus jerking during sleeping
oblique meaning santed or at an angle
paralysis loss of sensation and voluntary movement through disease or injury
paraplegia paralysis of both legs and lower part of the body
physiatrist physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehab
plantar fasciltis inflammation of the plantar fascia
polymyositis disease characterized by the simultaneous inflammation and weakling of voluntary muscles
pronation turning the palm of the hand downward or backward
quadriplegia paralysis of all four extremities
sarcopenia loss of muscle mass
shin splint painful condition caused by the muscle tearing away from the tibia
singultus hiccups
spasmodic torticollis wryneck
sphincter constricts opening of passageway
sprain injury to a joint
tenodesis surgical suturing of the end of a tendon to a bone
tenodynia pain in a tendon
tenolysis release of a tendon from adhesion
tenorrhaphy surgical suturing together of the divided ends of a tendon
Created by: SavannahNethken