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Musculoskeletal System Review

What are the 5 regions of the vertebral column? cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccyx
What are the 4 different types of bones? short, long, flat, irregular
What are the functions of the bones? provide framework for body, protect internal organs, store calcium/other minerals, produce blood cells, provide points of attachment
What are the functions of muscle? contribute to posture, produce heat, protect internal organs, primarily movement
What are the 3 different types of muscle? smooth/involuntary/visceral; cardiac; skeletal/voluntary/striated
What are the 3 different types of ribs? true, false, floating
What are the 3 divisions of the pelvis? ilium, ischium, pubis
What does the appendicular skeleton consist of? 1. bones of the upper/lower limbs; 2. shoulder/pectoral girdle; 3. pelvic/hip girdle
What are the 3 regions of the axial skeleton? 1. Skull; 2. vertebral column; 3. rib cage
What does the pectoral girdle consist of? clavicle, scapula
What is a fontanel? unossified membrane lying between the cranial bones
What is an orthopedist? physician who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders
What is muscular dystrophy? genetic disease, gradual atrophy and weakening of muscle tissue
What is myasthenia gravis? neuromuscular disorder, muscle weakness, lead to loss of function
What is rheumatoid arthritis? systemic disease, results in crippling deformities
Created by: deyoht_kwa