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Green Module

Exam Review- Musculoskeletal

What are the five regions of the vertebrae column? cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccyx
What are the four types of bones? short, irregular, flat, long
What are the functions of the bones? framework for body, protect internal organs, store calcium and minerals, produce blood cells, and provide points of attachment
What are the functions of muscle? contribute posture, produce heat, protect internal organs, primarily movement
What are three different types of Muscle? skeletal/voluntary/striated, cardiac, smooth/involuntary/visceral
What are the three different types of ribs? true, false, floating
What are three divisions of the pelvis? ilium, ischium and pubis
What does the appendicular skeleton consist of? bones of the upper /lower limbs, shoulder/pectoral girdle and pelvic/hip girdle
What are the three regions of the axial skeleton? skull, rib cage, vertebrae column
What does the pectoral girdle consist of? clavicle (collar bone), scapula (shoulder blade)
What is a fontanel? unossified membrane lying between the cranial bones
What is an orthopedist? physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders
What is muscular dystrophy? genetic disorder, gradual atrophy and weakening of muscle tissue
What is myasthenia gravis? neuromuscular disorder, muscles weakness, leads to loss of function
What is rheumatoid arthritis? systemic disorder, results in crippling deformities of joints and bone.
periosteum dense fibrous membrane that covers the surface of bone
tendon strap composed of connective tissue that joins muscle to bone
lordosis abnormal inward curvature of the spine ( occurs in pregnant women and obese people.)
scoliosis abnormal lateral curvature of the spine (bent like question mark)
kyphosis an exaggerated outward curvature of the thoracic vertebrae (hump or hunch back)
appendage any body part attached to a main structure
talipes any deformity of the foot also called club foot
ligament band of connective tissue that connects bone to bone
osteoporosis bone pores or cavities resulting from a disease in bone density
sternum breast bone
flexion decrease the angle of a joint
crepitation dry grating sound caused by bones rubbing together
dorsiflexion elevates the foot
laminectomy excision of the posterior arc of a vertabrae
podiatry foot treatment
diarthrosis freely moveable joints
synarthroses/synarthosis immovable joints
exacerbation increase in severity of a disease
extension increase the angle of a joint
claudication lameness, limping
cruciate ligament ligaments that form an X
hypotonia loss of muscular tone
plantar flexion lowers the foot
BMD bone mineral density measures bone density
abduction moves away from the midline
adduction moves closer to the midline
inversion moves the sole of the foot inward
eversion moves the sole of the foot outward
strain muscular trauma caused by violent contraction or an excessive forcible stretch
subluxation partial or incomplete dislocation
reduction procedure that restores bone to its normal position
hematopoiesis production and development of blood cells
arthrocentesis surgical puncture of a joint space
myelography radiography of the spinal cord
open reduction reduction procedure that treats bone fractures using surgery
closed reduction reduction procedure that uses manipulation
muscular tissue refers to all contractile tissue of the body
amphiarthroses/amphiarthrosis slightly moveable joints
torticollis stiff neck caused by spasmodic contraction of the neck muscle
ankylosis stiffening and immobility of a joint
sprain tearing of ligament tissue
ilium the lateral flaring portion of the hip bone (top)
ischium lower portion of the hip bone
agonist muscle that produces the movement
antagonist muscle that relaxes in order to allow movememt
joint/articulation the place at which two bones meet
pubis the third portion of the hipbone
calcium supplements treatment and prevention of hypocalcemia
pronation turns palm down (propine-face down)
supination turns palm up (supine-on back)
ACL anterior cruciate ligaments
CDH congenital dislocation of the hip
CT computed tomography
DJD degenerated joint disease
EMG electromyography
Fx fracture
IM intramuscular
IV intravenous
MS musculoskeletal, multiple sclerosis
NSAIDs nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
THA total hip arthroplasty
THR total hip replacement
Created by: amatt