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Medical Terminology

General Medical Abbreviations

A&E Accident and emergency
A&W Alive and well
ab Abortion
ABC Aspiration, biopsy, cytology
ADD Attention defecit disorder
ADH Antiduretic hormone
AET/aet Aged
AGM Acute glomerulonephritis
AI Artificial insemination
AID Artificial insemination by donor
AIH Artificail insemination by husband
AIDS Acquired immunodeficiancy syndrome
ALL Acute lymphocytic leukaemia
AML Acute myeloid leukaemia
AN Antinatal
ANS Autonomic nervous system
APH Antepartum haemorrhage
ARM Artificial rupture of membranes
ASD Asperger's syndrome disorder
ASHD Arteriosclerotic heart disease
Ast Astigmatism
AU Both ears of each ear
BaE Barium enema
BaM Barium meal
BBA Born before arrival
BCG Bacillus Camille-Gue'rin-vaccine against tuberculosis
BI Bone injury
BID Brought in dead
BM Bowel movement
BO Bowels open
BP Bipolor disease of blood pressure
BS Breath sounds
BS Blood sugar
BSE Bovine spongiform encephalopathy ('mad cow'disease)
BSO Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (surgical removal fallopian tubes and ovearies)
BUN Blood urea nitrogen
BW Birth weight
Bx Biopsy
C&S Culture and sensitivity
C/O Complains of
C1, C2, etc Cervical vertabrae
Ca Carcinoma/calcium
CABG Coronary arterial bypass surgery
CAD Coronary artery disease
CAT (CT) Scan-computerised X-rays of layers of tissues (computerised axial tomography)
CCF Congestive cardiac failure
CCU Coronary care unit
CD Controlled drugs
CHD Coronary heart disease
CHF Coronary heart failure
CJD Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease
CNS Central nervous system
C' Celsius
COAD Chronic obstructive airway disease
COC Combined oral contraceptive pill
CPK Creatine phospokinase (cardiac enzyme)
CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CSF Cerbrospinal fluid
CSU Catheter specimen of urine
CVA Cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
Cx Cervix (neck of womb)
D&C Dilitation and curettage
D&V Diarrhoea and vomiting
Dec Deceased
DNA Did not attend
DNR Do not resusitate
DOA Dead on arrival
DOB/dob Date of birth
DVT Deep vein thrombosis
Dx Diagnosis
Dxr Deep X-ray
ECG Electrocardiogram
ECT Electroconvulsive therapy
EDC Expected date of confinement
EDD Expected date of delivery
EEG Electromyogram
EMU Early morning urine
ENT Ear nose throat
ESR Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
EUA Examination under anaesthetic
FB Foreign body
FBC Full blood count
FBS Fasting blood sugar
Fe Iron
FH Fetal heart
FSH Follicle stimulating hormone
GA General anaesthetic
GAD General anxiety disorder
GH Growth hormone
GI Gastrointestinal
GORD Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease
GTT Glucose tolerance test
H/O History of
HAI Hospital acquired infection
Hb Haemoglobin (pigmented protein which carries oxygen)
HbA1 or HBA1 Blood test for diabetes
HPV Human papilloma virus
HRT Hormone replacement therapy
HSV Herpes simplex virus
Hx History
ICU Intensive care unit
IDDM Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
Ig Immunoglobulin
IM Intra muscular
IOP Intraocular pressure
IP Inpatient
IU International unit
IUD Intra-uterine device
IV/i.v. Intravenous
LA Local anaesthetic
LH Lutenising hormone
LIF Left iliac fossa
LIH Left inguinal hernia
LMP Last menstrualperiod
LP Lumbar puncture
LRTI Lower respiratory tract infection
LTH Luteotropic hormone (prolactin)
LV Left ventricle
MCH Mean corpuscular haemoglobin
MND Motor neurone disease
MRI Magnetic resonance imaging
MRSA Multiple-/methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MS Multiple sclerosis
MSU Mistream specimen of urine
N&V Nausea and vomiting
NAD No abnormality detected
NSAID Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
Created by: Owly