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Vital Signs Exam Review

telemetry unit set down from ICU care
crash cart a cart carrying the supplies need for immediate treatment of a heart attack
congestive heart failure (CHF) a condition in which a weakened heart is unable to pump all of the blood out of the lungs, leaving blood pools at the bottom interfering with breathing
stethoscope a devise that amplifies sound used to listen to heart/chest and to take blood pressure
endotracheal tube a tube inserted into the airway of a patient about to receive general anesthetic
sphygmomanometer devise used to take blood pressure aka blood pressure cuff.
emphysema a condition characterized by gradual destruction of the alveoli- looses elasticity and cannot inflate
asthma a disease that affects air passages in the lung, causing wheezing and SOB
atrial fibrillation (AF) (AFib) an abnormality of heart rhythm in which chambers of heart no longer beat in synchrony. Atrium beats much faster than the ventricles
pneumonia an acute infection of the tissues of the lung
tracheotomy an artificial airway through an incision in the trachea
height and weight anthropometric measurements
COPD or COLD any chronic lung condition in which the flow of expired air slowed down
suctioning applying negative pressure to remove mucus, phlegm and other secretions from airways
atherosclerosis arteriosclerosis because of deposits of fat in arterial walls
physiotherapist assess patients, devise deep breathing exercises
arterial blood gases (ABG) assessment done on a client to determine the amounts of oxygen and carbon dioxide dissolve in the blood
sputum specimen consists of mucous secretions, not saliva from the airways, lungs or throat
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) damage to the brain that occurs when the blood supply to an area of the brain is diminished or occluded completely.
myocardial infract (MI) damage to the heart caused by a blockage in one of the coronary arteries cutting off bloody supply to that part of the heart
dyspnea difficulty breathing
pacemaker an electronic devise that regulates the heartbeat
hypertension (HTN) aka high blood pressure- excessive force of the blood against the vessel walls as the heart pumps
bradycardia extremely slow heartbeat
oxygen therapy for clients who for any reason do not have enough oxygen in their bloo
arterial sclerosis hardening of the arteries
temperature heat is produced by the body as it use the food needed to maintain normal body functions
vital signs important measurements of body's state of health
hypoxia insufficient oxygen in the blood or tissues
deep suctioning introducing the suction catheter into the lower trachea and bronchi aka endotracheal suctioning
hemorrhage loss of a large amount of blood
arrhythmia loss of normal rhythm o the heart beat
pulse oximetry method used by nurses and respiratory therapists to determine oxygen levels in red blood cells in the arterial blood
rhoncus/wheezes musical pitched sounds produced by air passing through narrowed bronchi heard on auscultation of the lungs
"call the arrest" notifying the appropriate people
respiration one full cycle of breathing
postural drainage positioning the client with the head lower than the body so that gravity can help drain the mucus and secretions
thoracocentesis surgical puncture of the chest to remove fluid from space between lungs and wall of chest
nurse provide ongoing assessment and feedback about a client's oxygenation status
vibrations rapid movements of flattened hands over the client's chest to remove secretions
extubate remove the endotracheal tube
inhalation therapy selected medications to be delivered by a mask to the client, often to treat asthma
crackles/crepitation sounds produced by air passing through the airway secretions
endotracheal type of deep suctioning
oropharyngeal suctioning with a catheter through the mouth and the back of the throat
nasopharyngeal suctioning with catheter through the nose to the back of the throat and mouth
essential hypertension the cause of the increased pressure is idiopathic (no known cause)
blood pressure the force that blood exerts on the arterial walls
diastolic pressure the pressure of the vascular walls when the heart is relaxing
systolic pressure the pressure of the vascular walls when the heart is contracting
secondary hypertension symptoms are always associates with disease such as glomerulonephritis (kidney disease), pyelonephritis(bacterial infection of kidney pelvis) or adrenal glands
telemetry monitor traces heart's activity, readout displayed on small screen
humidifiers used for clients who are experiencing respirator difficulties
clapping/percussion using cupped hands to gently but firmly strike the affected regions of the chest to move secretions
pulse when the heart contracts it forces blood throughout the body by way of the blood vessels
Created by: amatt