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Chapters 3-5

test review

What are the parts of the integumentary system? hair, nails, skin, sebaceous gland, sweat gland
What are three layers of the skin? dermis, epidermis, subq
What is in the dermis layers? blood vessels
what is the medical term for a freckle or birthmark? macule
What is the medical term for the sweat gland? endocrine gland
What is the medical term for a black and blue mark? Ecchyomosis
What is a first degree burn? redness swollen
What is a second degree burn? blister dema
What is a third degree burn? NO pain
What is sebum? oil
Where is it produced? sebaceous gland
Know the difference between lordosis, kyphosis, and scoliosis. Lordosis- curvature of lumbar; Kyphosis- curvature of Thoracic; Scoliosis-laterial curvature.
Know the main parts of Axial and Appendicular Skeleton Axial- head and trunk; Appendicular- extremities.
Know the different types of fractures Closed- no openskin; compound- broken through skin; complete- clean break; Comminuted- bone is shattered, splintered, and crushed; GreenStick- most common in children.
How many cervical vertebrae? 7
How many thoracic vertebrae? 12
How many Lumbar vertebrae? 5
What is the most common type of joint in the Body? Synovial Joint
What is the term for an irregular heartbeat? Arrhythmia
Know the difference arteries and veins arteries- thick wall carries blood away from heart; vein cardiovascular system carries blood towards heart.
What is another name for the bicuspid Valve? Mital valve
Is a record of the electrical current of the heart an electrocardiogram or electrocardiography? Electrocardiogram
What is a treadmill test? and what is another name for it? Evaluating cardiovascular fitness; Stress
Where does the left atrium get its blood from? Pulmonary vein
What is Systemic circulation/ circuit? Transport oxygenated blood by arteries
What is pulmonary circulation/ circuit? Transport deoxygenated blood by veins
Which artery supplies blood to the muscle of the heart- myocardium? Coronary arteries
What is the name of the node that regulated the beat of the heart (the pacemaker) Sinoatrial node
Oxygen exchange happens in what type of vessels? Capillaries
Alopecia Baldness
aneurysm weakness in wall of artery
anhidrosis no sweat
arrhythmia irregular heartbeat
arthralgia joint pain
arthr/o joint
arthritis inflammation of the joints
arthrodesis surgical fussion joint
arthroscopy examination of interior of joint
auscultation listening to sounds within body by using stethoscope
Biopsy tissue is removed examined by pathology
BX Biopsy
Bradycardia slow heartbeat
cardimegaly enlarged heart
cardiomyopathy disease muscle heart or tissue
cost/o Rib
cyanosis bluish skin
dermatome instrument to cut skin
derm/o skin
-dynia pain
erythema redness
erythroderma red skin
fibrillation abnormal quivering heart muscle
fibromyalgia muscle and soft tissues pain
HTN Hypertension
Jaundice yellowish skin
Melanin Black pigments
myel/o bone marrow
myocardial infarction heart attack
necrosis dead tissue
onych/o nail
orth/o straight
orthopedist straightens bones
pericardium sac around heart with fluid
Physiatrist Physical Therapy
pil/o hair
podiatrist foot doctor
pulse expansion and contraction of artery wall
rickets deficiency in calcium and vitamin D
-rrhaphy stuture
-stenosis narrowing
tachycardia fast heart rate
venipuncture blood draw
Created by: andie34