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Medical Terminology

lip/o fat
-emia blood condition
hyper- excessive
protein protein
angi/o vas/o vascul/o vessel
cardi/o heart
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
hem/o hemat/o blood
hepat/o liver
oste/o bone
ur/o urin/o urine
-al -eal pertaining to
-ectasis expansion or dilation
-ectomy excision (removal)
-ia condition of
-itis inflammation
-logy study of
-megaly enlargement
-stomy creation of an opening
-tomy incision
oligo- few or deficient
para- alongside of, abnormal
peri- around
-ac -al -ar -ary -eal -ic -ous -tic -ar pertaining to
-dynia pain
-ium structure or tissue
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhexis rupture
endo- within
epi- upon
sub- below or under
plural of -a -ae
plural of -is -es
plural of -ma -mata
plural of -on -a (ex: phenomenon to phenomena)
plural of -um -a (ex: bacterium to bacteria)
plural of -us -i
plural of -ax -aces
plural of -ex or -ix -ices (ex: appendix to appendices)
plural of -y -ies
a- an- without
anti- contra- against or opposed to
de- from, down, or not
ab- away from
ad- to, toward, or near
circum- peri- around
dia- trans- across or through
e- ec- ex- out or away
ecto- exo- extra- outside
inter- between
meso- middle
meta- beyond, after, or change
retro- backward or behind
sub- infra- below or under
bi- two or both
hemi- semi- half
hypo- below or deficient
macro- large or long
micro- small
mono- uni- one
pan- all
poly- multi- many
quadri- four
super- supra- above or excessive
tri- three
ultra- beyond or excessive
ante- pre- pro- before
brady- slow
tachy- fast
post- after or behind
re- again or back
con- syn- sym- together or with
dys- painful, difficult, or faulty
eu- good or normal
neo- new
-algia -dynia pain
-genesis origin or production
-lysis breaking down or dissolution
-oid resembling
-penia abnormal reduction
-rrhea discharge
-spasm involuntary contraction
-cele pouching or hernia
-iasis formation or presence of
-malacia softening
-oma tumor
-osis condition or increase
-phil -philia attraction for
-ptosis falling or downward displacement
-rrhage -rrhagia to burst forth (usually blood)
-centesis puncture for aspiration
-desis binding
-pexy suspension or fixation
-plasty surgical repair or reconstruction
-ation process
-e general indicator that a word is a person, place, or thing
-ia -ism condition of
-y condition or process of
-icle -ole -ula -ule small
-gram record
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-iatrics -iatry treatment
-logist one who specializes in study or treatment of
-ist one who specializes in
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry process of measuring
-poiesis formation
-scope instrument for examination
-scopy process of examination
-stasis stop or stand
cyan/o blue
erythr/o red
leuk/o white
melan/o black
aer/o air, gass
hydro/o water
py/o pus
abdomin/o lapar/o abdomen
acr/o extremity or topmost
aden/o gland
arthr/o joint
cephal/o head
col/o colon/o colon
derm/o dermat/o cutane/o skin
cyt/o cell
hist/o tissue
my/o muscul/o muscle
nas/o rhin/o nose
nephr/o ren/o kidney
neur/o nerve
or/o mouth
pneum/o pneumon/o air or lung
carcin/o cancer
crin/o to secrete
esthesi/o sensation
fibr/o fiber
gen/o origin or production
gynec/o woman
lith/o stone
morph/o form
necr/o death
onc/o tumor or mass
orth/o straight, normal, or correct
path/o disease
ped/o child or foot
phag/o eat or swallow
phob/o exaggerated fear or sensitivity
plas/o formation
psych/o mind
scler/o hard
son/o sound
sten/o narrow
therm/o heat
tox/o toxic/o poison
troph/o nourishment or development
A assessment
A&W alive and well
CC chief complaint
c/o complains of
Dx diagnosis
FH family history
HEENT head, eyes, ears, nose, and throat
H&P history and physical
HPI, PI history of present illness, present illness
Hx history
IMP impression
L&W living and well
NAD no acute distress
NKA, NKDA no known allergies, no known drug allergies
O objective information
OH occupational history
P plan (reccommendation, disposition)
PE, Px physical examination
PERRLA pupils equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodation
PH, PMH past history, past medical history
R/O rule out
ROS, SR review of symptoms, systems review
S subjective information
SH social history
Sx symptom
UCHD usual childhood diseases
WNL within normal limits
acute sharp; having intense, often severe symptoms and a short course
chronic a condition that develops slowly and persists over a period of time
benign mild or noncancerous
malignant harmful or cancerous
degeneration gradual deterioration of normal cells and body functions
degenerative disease any disease in which deterioration of the structure or function of tissue occurs
diagnosis determination of the presence of a disease based on an evaluation of symptoms, signs, and test findings
etiology study of cause of disease
exacerbation increase in severity of a disease, with aggravation of symptoms
remission a period in which symptoms and signs stop or abate
febrile relating to a fever
idiopathic a condition occurring without a clearly identified cause
localized limited to a definite area or part
systemic relating to the whole body rather than to only a part
malaise a feeling of uneasiness or discomfort; often the first indication of illness
marked significant
morbidity sick; a diseased state
mortality the state of being subject to death
prognosis foreknowledge; prediction of the likely outcome of a disease based on general health status of patient along with knowledge of the usual course of the disease; often noted in one word (good or bad)
progressive pertaining to the advance of a condition as the signs and symptoms increase in severity
prophylaxis a process or measure that prevents disease
recurrent to occur again; describes a return of symptoms and signs after a period of rest or inactivity
sequela a disorder or condition usually resulting from a previous disease or injury
sign a mark; objective evidence of disease that can be seen or verified by an examiner
symptom subjective evidence of disease that is perceived by the patient and often noted in his or her own words
syndrome a running together; combination of symptoms and signs that give a distinct clinical picture indicating a particular condition or disease
noncontributory not involved in bringing on the condition or result
unremarkable common; not out of the ordinary or significant
CCU coronary (cardiac) care unit
ECU emergency care unit
ER emergency room
ICU intensive care unit
IP inpatient (registered bed patient)
OP outpatient
OR operating room
PACU postanesthetic care unit
PAR postanesthetic recovery
post-op/postop postoperative (after surgery)
pre-op/preop preoperative (before surgery)
RTC return to clinic
RTO return to office
B with a circle around it bilateral
BRP bathroom privileges
CP chest pain
DC or D/C discharge, discontinue
ETOH ethyl alcohol
L with a circle around it left
R with a circle around it right
m with a circle around it murmur
pt patient
RRR regular rate and rhythm
SOB shortness of breath
Tr treatment
Tx treatment or traction
VS vital signs
T temperature
P pulse
R respiration
BP blood pressure
Ht height
Wt weight
WDWN well-developed and well-nourished
y/o or y.o. year old
# number or pound (before numberal = number; after numberal = pound)
C Celsius, centigrade
F Fahrenheit
little circle with a cross female
little circle with an arrow male
arrow up increased
arrow down decreased
circle with a slash through it none or negative
cc cubic centimeter (1cc =1mL)
g or gm gram
kg kilogram (1kg = 2.2lbs)
cu mm or mm^3 cubic millimeter
fl oz fluid ounce
gr grain
gt drop
gtt drops
dr dram = 1/8 ounce
lb or # pound (16 oz)
qt quart (32 oz)
tab tablet
cap capsule
suppos suppository
p.o. (per os) by mouth/oral
SL sublingual (under tongue)
buccal in the cheek
PV vaginal (per vagina)
PR rectal (per rectum)
aerosol spray
nebulizer device used to produce a fine spray or mist, often in a metered dose
ID intradermal injection; within the skin
IM intramuscular injection; within the muscle
IV intravenous injection; within the vein
SC SQ sub-Q subcutaneous injection; under the skin
topical applied to surface of skin
transdermal absorption of drug through unbroken skin
implant drug reservoir embedded in the body to provide continual infusion of medication
a with a line over it ante; before
a.c. ante cibum; before meals
a.m. ante meridiem; before noon
b.i.d. bis in die; twice a day
d day
h hour
h.s. hora somni; at teh hour of sleep (bedtime)
noc. noctis; night
p with a line over it post; after
p.c. post cibum; after meals
p.m. post meridiem; after noon
p.r.n. pro re nata; as needed
q quaque; every
q.d. quaque die; every day
qh quaque hora; every hour
q2h every 2 hours
q.i.d. quarter in die; four times a day
q.o.d. quaque altera die; every other day
STAT statium; immediately
t.i.d. ter in die; three times a day
wk week
yr year
AD auris dextra; right ear
ad lib. ad libitum; as desired
amt amount
aq aqua; water
AS auris sinistra; left ear
AU auris unitas; both ears
c with a line over it with
NPO non per os; nothing by mouth
OD oculus dexter; right eye
OS oculus sinister; left eye
OU oculus unitas; both eyes
per by or through
Rx recipe; prescription
s with a line over it sine; without
Sig signa; label; instruction to the patient
ss with a line over it semis; one-half
wa while awake
x times or for; x6=six times, x2d=for 2 days
> greater than
< less than
Created by: ckeene10