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Cultural Geography

Cultural Geography chp. 1

TermDefinition
Cultural ecology Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environmental relationships.
Contagious diffusion The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or treand throughout a population.
Connections Relationsships among people and objects across the barrier of space.
Concentration The spread of somthing over a given area.
Diffusion The spreading of a feature or trend from one place to another over time.
Density The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area.
Culture The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits tha together constitute the distinct traditions of a group of people.
Cultural landscape The fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group.
Expansion diffusion The spread of a feature or trend among people fromn one area to another in a snowballing process.
Environmental determinism A nineteenth-and early twentieth-century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences.Geography was now the study of how the physical environment casued by humans.
Distribution The arrangement of something across Earths surface.
Distance Decay The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Global Positioning System (GPS) A system that determines the precise position of somthing on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and recevers.
Geographic informatin system (GIS) A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data.
Functional region (Or nodal region) An area organized around a node or focal point.
Formal region (Or uniform or homogreneous region) An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics.
Hierachical diffusion The spread of a feature or trend from one key perosn or node of authority or power to other persons pr places.
Hearth The region from wich innovative ideas originate.
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) The time in that time zone encompassing the prime meridian, or 0degreese longitude.
Globalization Actions or processes the incolve the entire would and result in making something woldwide in scope.
Location The position of anything on Earth's surface.
Latitude The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator (0 degreese)
Land Ordinance of 1785 A law that divided much of the United States into townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers.
International Date Line An arc that for the most part follows 180 degreese longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. WHen you cross the Internatinal date line heading east ( toward America). the clock moves back 24 hrs, or one entire day.
Meridian An arc drawn on a map between the north and south poles.
Mental map A representaion of a portion of Earths surface based of what an individual knows about a place,containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located.
Map A two-dimensional, or flat, representation of Earths surface or a portion of it.
Longitude The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a glob and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian (0 degrees)
Physiological density The number of people per unit of area or arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
Place A specific point on Earth didtinguished by a particular character.
Pattern The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area.
Parallel A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians.
Principal meridian A north-south line designated in the land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of twonships in the United States.
Prime meridian The meridian, designated as 0 degress longitude, that passes through the Royal Observatory at the Greenwich, England.
Possibilism The theory tht the physical environment may set limits on human actions but that people have the ability to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
Polder A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular character.
Relocation diffusion The spread of a feature or trend though bodily movement of people from one place to another.
Regional studies (or cultural landscape) An approach to geography that emphasizes the relationships among social and physical phenomena in a particular study area.
Section A square normally 1 mile on a side. the land ordinance of 1785 divided townships in the united states into 36 sections.
Scale Generally, the relationship between the part of earth beinbg stidied and earths as a whole; specifically, between the size of an object on a map and the actual feature on earths surface.
Resource A substance in the environment that is useful to people, is economically and technologically feasible to access, and is socially acceptable to use.
Remote sensing The acqusition of data about earths surface from a satelite orbiting the planet or other longsidtance methods.
Space-time compression The reduction in the time it takes to diffues something to a distant place as a result of improved communications and transportation systems.
Space The physical gap or interval between two objects.
Situation The location of a place relative to other places.
Site The pysical character of a place.
Transnational corpotation A company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where it headquarters or shareholders are located.
Township A square normally 6 miles on a side. The land ordi
Toponym The name given to a portion of earths surface.
Stimulus diffusion The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific charactersitic is rejected.
Created by: nicoleburnett